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7th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party
中国共产党第七次全国代表大会
Seventh Congress Hall
BeginsApril 23, 1945 (1945-04-23)
EndsJune 11, 1945 (1945-06-11)
Location(s)Yan'an
Previous event6th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (1928)
Next event8th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party (1956)
Participants544 representatives
ActivityElection held to form the 7th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party
LeaderMao Zedong (Leader of the Chinese Communist Party)

The 7th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party was convened April 23 - June 11, 1945, in Yan'an, Shaanxi. It took place near the end of the Second Sino-Japanese War during a period of uneasy truce between the Kuomintang and Communist parties, with each maintaining their headquarters in different regions of China. It was preceded by the 6th National Congress and followed by the 8th National Congress.[1]

Discussions and reports

During the 7th National Congress, Mao Zedong delivered his April 1945 report On the Coalition Government which expanded on the principles of New Democracy he had formulated in his earlier essay On New Democracy.[2]: 29 

During the Congress, Mao described the Communist Party's guerilla warfare as "sparrow tactics":[3]: 171 

In the early phase of the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression, our prowess was like that of a little finger. How did we grow our prowess? With sparrow warfare, guerilla warfare. Sparrows fly wherever they can find food ... Even though sparrows are opportunists that follow food, even though they are little, when you add them up, they amount to 910,000 strong. Will we be sparrows forever? Long live the sparrow? History has proven that our sparrow is no ordinary sparrow; it can grow into an eagle. In ancient Chinese mythology, there is an eagle that can fly from the North Sea to the South Sea with one swoop of its wings. We will be like that too and grow to three million, five million. Our little sparrow will grow into an eagle swooping up all of China with its wings.

References

  1. ^ "7th National Congress". Archived from the original on 2019-01-08. Retrieved 2019-03-16.
  2. ^ Huang, Yibing (2020). Zheng, Qian (ed.). An Ideological History of the Communist Party of China. Vol. 2. Translated by Sun, Li; Bryant, Shelly. Montreal, Quebec: Royal Collins Publishing Group. ISBN 978-1-4878-0391-9.
  3. ^ Li, Jie (2023). Cinematic Guerillas: Propaganda, Projectionists, and Audiences in Socialist China. Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231206273.