A.A. Maramis Building
Gedung A.A. Maramis
The A.A. Maramis Building, formerly dubbed the Witte Huis or Gedong Putih, the "White House".
A.A. Maramis Building
location within Jakarta
A.A. Maramis Building
A.A. Maramis Building (Indonesia)
Former namesPalace of Governor-General Daendels, Paleis Waterlooplein (Palace of Waterloo Square), Het Witte Huis or Gedong Putih ("The White House"), Het Grote Huis ("The Big House")
General information
TypeGovernment building
Architectural styleIndies Empire style
LocationJakarta, Indonesia
Coordinates6°10′09″S 106°50′14″E / 6.169257°S 106.837096°E / -6.169257; 106.837096
Current tenantsMinistry of Finance
Construction startedMarch 7, 1809[1]
Completed1828[1]
OwnerThe Ministry of Finance of Indonesia
Design and construction
ArchitectIr. J. Tromp

The A.A. Maramis Building is an early 19th century building in Jakarta, Indonesia, with a verdant frontage. It hosts the headquarters of the Indonesian Ministry of Finance. The building was built following Daendels's intention to move the official residence of the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from the decaying Old Town to the southern suburb of Weltevreden, although it was never used as an official residence of the Governor-General. The turn of the 19th-century building is the second oldest surviving building in Central Jakarta (after Istana Negara on Jalan Veteran) in terms of when the construction was started.[2]

A.A. Maramis Building is the largest private residence ever built in Jakarta.[3]

History

The Grote Huis, with the High Court at the foreground.
The Grote Huis, with the High Court at the foreground.

Weltevreden was a southern suburb of old Batavia. The land had been purchased by The last Governor-General of the VOC era, P.G. van Overstraten, from his predecessor, Governor-General P.A. van der Parra. The area began to develop with the gradual decay of the increasingly unhealthy old city. The initial migration began after the old city's malaria epidemic in 1732.[4]

Development of the area as the new seat of government started with Governor-General Herman Willem Daendels. He ordered the destruction of Batavia Castle and the city wall of the old town to provide bricks for a new palace. The chosen site for the new building is the Waterlooplein in Weltevreden.[5] Construction of the palace began on March 7, 1809. The plan shows a grand residence intended as the private palace for the governor-general flanked with much smaller buildings for administrative work. Despite Daendels' intention to reside in the new palace, he never had the chance to stay because he was ordered by Napoleon to command the Grande Armée and was soon stationed in Modlin Fortress, Poland.[1] Daendels' successor, Governor-General Janssens, installed thatched roof on the unfinished parts of the building. When construction stopped in 1811 following the British invasion of Java, the work was only half finished. With the governor's palace unfinished, the Governor-General of Batavia would reside at the mansion of van Braam in Rijswijk (now Jalan Veteran)[1]

15 years later in 1826, Governor-General du Bus de Gisignies ordered the completion of the building to be used to house government bureaus that were then badly accommodated in other parts of Batavia.[6] The construction was started under the supervision of Ir. J. Tromp. It was finally completed in 1828, about 19 years after it had begun. The completion is commemorated in a plaque written: "MDCCIX - Condidit Daendels, MDCCCXXVIII - Erexit DUBUS" currently kept in Jakarta Cathedral. The finished building was popularly referred as Daendels' Palace (Paleis van Daendels), also nicknamed the "White House" (Dutch Witte Huis) and the "Big House" (Grote Huis).[7][8]

Despite the completion of the building, the "governor's palace" was never used as a palace. The building became too cramped for its original intention as a palace and so in 1869 a new palace for the governor was planned. The new palace, known as the Paleis te Koningsplein, was completed in 1873 facing Koningsplein (King's Square). Over the years it has housed numerous government bureaus and departments including the post office, the state printing office, the general clerk's department, and the high court at the ground floor of the main building (1835).[7][6] On May 1, 1848, the High Court (Hoogeregtshof, Hoogerechter, Algemene Secretarie) was relocated to a building north of the Daendels Palace.[6][1]

Since the early 1950s, the building has been used as the headquarters of the Indonesian Ministry of Finance.[2] The building was named A.A. Maramis building, after an Indonesian politician who was involved in the struggle for Indonesian independence, and was Indonesia's Minister of Finance for several periods.

Design

The palace was designed by J.C. Schultze in a style popular in French at that time, the Empire Style; the subsequent style conformed into the tropical climate of Indonesia became known as the Indies Empire style. Design of the palace consists of a 160 m (520 ft) long two-storeyed main building intended for the residence of Governor-General Daendels himself. The private residence is flanked with two wings to its left and right to be used for administration, guest houses, a stable for 120 horses, and carriage-houses.[6][1]

The palace was constructed using the bricks from the 17th-century Kasteel Batavia and parts of the city wall which was dismantled in 1809.[1]

Since the colonial period, the building has been described as "huge and ugly" by critics.[9] There was a small garden behind the palace known as Tuin Du Bus (Du Bus Garden), but plants did not flourish there, nor did people take strolls there.[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Gedung Departemen Keuangan" [Finance Department Building]. Visit Jakarta (in Indonesian). jakarta.co.id. 2010. Archived from the original on August 20, 2010. Retrieved July 8, 2016.
  2. ^ a b Merrillees 2015, p. 46.
  3. ^ Merrillees 2000, p. 189.
  4. ^ Silver 2007, p. 41.
  5. ^ Silver 2007, p. 42.
  6. ^ a b c d Merrillees 2000, p. 192.
  7. ^ a b Heuken 2000, pp. 199–200.
  8. ^ "Palace of Daendels". Ensiklopedi Jakarta (in Indonesian). Dinas Komunikasi, Informatika dan Kehumasan Pemprov DKI Jakarta. 2010. Archived from the original on July 7, 2016. Retrieved July 8, 2016.
  9. ^ "Indië, geïllustreerd weekblad - 3, 149a". Indië, geïllustreerd weekblad voor Nederland en koloniën. Vol. 1. Semarang-Soerabaja: G.C.T. v. Dorp & Co. p. 132a. Retrieved November 16, 2016.
  10. ^ Buitenzorg Reizen. Het Paleis van Daendels

Cited works