A. S. Arya
Born13 June 1931
Died1 Sept 2019
Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh
Resting placeNew Delhi
Alma materUniversity of Roorkee
University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign
OccupationStructural Engineer
Years activeSince 1961
Known forEarthquake engineering
Disaster management
AwardsPadma Shri
Khosla National Award
ISET Jai Krishna Award
FICCI Award
IE (I) National Design Award
United Nations Sasakawa Disaster Prevention Award
Disaster Mitigation Award

Anand Swarup Arya (1931-2019) was an Indian structural engineer, known for his expertise in the soil and foundation engineering and earthquake disaster management.[1] He is a former chairman of the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) Committee on Earthquake Engineering and a recipient of the United Nations Sasakawa Disaster Prevention Award of 1997. The Government of India awarded him the fourth highest civilian honour of the Padma Shri in 2002.[2]

Biography

Administrative Building IIT-Roorkee
Administrative Building IIT-Roorkee

Arya was born in a small Uttar Pradesh village of Ambehta in Saharanpur district on 13 June 1931 and secured his graduate degree (BE) in civil engineering and master's degree (ME) in Structural engineering (1954) from University of Roorkee (present day Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee). Joining the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign in 1959, he secured a doctoral degree in 1961.[3] He started his career as a member of faculty at the University of Roorkee where he served for 36 years till his superannuation 1989.[4] During his career, he rose in ranks to become a professor and the head of the department of Earthquake Engineering and finally, the Pro-vice chancellor of the university. After his retirement, he was made the Emeritus Professor of the Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee.[4]

Legacy

As the head of the faculty of Earthquake engineering at IIT Roorkee, Arya started many courses in the subject at the institution as well as other institutions in India and founded an interdisciplinary Department of Earthquake Engineering in the IIT.[3] His contributions are reported in the development of new methods and structural designs suited for small and larger buildings, bridges, reservoirs and atomic power plants. He has conducted training classes in structural designing in India as well as other countries such as Yugoslavia, Japan, Thailand, Philippines, Afghanistan and Nepal.[4]

Arya is one of the founders of the Indian Society of Earthquake Technology, along with the renowned engineer, Jai Krishna.[4] He has guided 71 research scholars in their master's and doctoral studies.[3] He has served as the director of the International Association of Earthquake Engineering during 1977-80 and 1980–84 and has been a consultant to United Nations agencies such as UNESCO, United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UNCHS) and United Nations Centre for Regional Development (UNCRD) as well as the World Bank.[5] He is a former chairman of the Committee on CED 39 on Earthquake Engineering Codes of the Bureau of Indian Standards and a sitting member of the Bihar State Disaster Management Authority (BSDMA).[6] He has been National Seismic Advisor of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) sponsored Earthquake Vulnerability Reduction Programme and headed the National Seismic Zoning Committee.[7] Arya has published three books, Guidelines for Earthquake Resistant Non-engineered Construction,[8] Masonry & Timber Structures Including Earthquake Resistant Design[9] and Earthquake Disaster Reduction : Masonry Building, Design, and Construction[10] on structural design and earthquake resistant construction techniques. He also the founder of Anand Swaroop Arya Saraswati Vidya Mandir, Roorkee school. In this school he want that the students gain knowledge with Indian culture and sacraments. He has also co-authored Design of Steel Structures along with J. L. Ajmani[11] and Response of Arches Under Earthquake Excitation with S. K. Thakkar.[12]

Awards and honours

Arya is an elected Fellow of the Indian National Academy of Engineering (INAE)[13] and the Institution of Engineers (India).[4] The Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee awarded him the annual research award, Khosla National Award, in 1980 and he received the Jai Krishna Award of the Indian Society of Earthquake Technology in 1982.[4] The FICCI award of the Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry reached him in 1986, followed by the National Design Award of the Institution of Engineers (India), the next year.[5] The United Nations honoured him with the Sasakawa Disaster Prevention Award in 1997.[14] The Government of India included him in the 2002 Republic Day honours list for the civilian award of the Padma Shri.[2] The National Institute of Disaster Management, an autonomous body under the Ministry of Home Affairs, awarded him the Disaster Mitigation Award in 2006.[4]

Bibliography

See also

References

  1. ^ "In Memoriam" (PDF). National Information Centre of Earthquake Engineering. Retrieved 21 May 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  3. ^ a b c "Gems of Structural Engineering". SEF India. 2015. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Indian Fellow". Indian National Science Academy. 2015. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  5. ^ a b "Luminaries". Indian Institute of Technology Rourkee. 2015. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  6. ^ "Members". Bihar State Disaster Management Authority (BSDMA). 2015. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  7. ^ "Ahmedabad in seismic zone three, says seismologist". Gujarat Plus. 9 February 2001. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  8. ^ A. S. Arya (1986). Guidelines for Earthquake Resistant Non-engineered Construction. International Association for Earthquake Engineering. p. 158.
  9. ^ A. S. Arya (2006). Masonry & Timber Structures Including Earthquake Resistant Design. Sterling Books. ISBN 9788185240053. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 11 November 2015.
  10. ^ A. S. Arya (2007). Earthquake Disaster Reduction : Masonry Building, Design, and Construction. National Institute of Disaster Management, KW Publishers. ISBN 9788187966500.
  11. ^ A. S. Arya, J. L. Ajmani (1964). Design of Steel Structures. Nemchand. p. 888.
  12. ^ A. S. Arya, S. K. Thakkar (1972). Response of Arches Under Earthquake Excitation. University of Roorkee.
  13. ^ "INAE Fellows". Indian National Academy of Engineering. 2015. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  14. ^ "OBSERVATORIO SISMOLOGICO DEL SUR-OCCIDENTE (COLOMBIA), ANAND S. ARYA (INDIA) TO RECEIVE 1997 SASAKAWA/DHA DISASTER PREVENTION AWARD". United Nations. 10 December 1997. Retrieved 10 November 2015.