TypeAssault rifle
Place of originRussia
Service history
Used bySee Users
Production history
DesignerMikhail Kalashnikov
Mass3.8 kg (8.4 lb)[2]
Length880–940 mm (35–37 in) (stock extended)
Barrel length415 mm (16.3 in)

ActionGas-operated, rotating bolt
Rate of fire~700 rounds/min
Muzzle velocity715 m/s (2,346 ft/s)
Effective firing range400–800 m (440–870 yd)[2]
(based on sight adjustments)
Feed system30-round detachable box magazine[2]
50-round detachable quad-column magazine
SightsAdjustable iron sights or picatinny rails for various optics

The AK-203 is a Russian gas-operated, magazine-fed, select fire assault rifle designed to chamber the 7.62×39mm cartridge.[2] It is one of the latest iterations of the AK series of assault rifles originally designed by Mikhail Kalashnikov. The AK-203 was developed in the 2010s by Kalashnikov Concern in Russia.


The prototype development of the AK-200 series began in 2007. The first prototype of the AK-200 was developed and tested in 2010.[1] In 2013, for the Ratnik programme AK-200 was modified and renamed as AK-103-3. In 2016, AK-200 series project was revived and upgraded the AK-103-3 assault rifle prototype with KM-AK kit developed as part of the Obves programme.[1] The upgraded assault rifle prototype was initially designated as AK-300 and then as AK-100M and finally in 2019 as AK-203.[1]

On March 3, 2019, Russia and India inaugurated Indo-Russia Rifles in Uttar Pradesh.[3][4] However, pricing disagreements,[5][6] and international sanctions on Russia have caused delays in delivery and production.[7]

The Indian Army is procuring 670,000 AK-203 assault rifles to replace the INSAS.[8] The first 70,000 rifles were purchased from Russia in August 2021[9] with deliveries made on January 25, 2022.[10] The remaining 600,000 rifles will be manufactured under a transfer of technology agreement.[10]

In an interview with Maria Vorobieva, Director of Kalashnikov Concern's Public Relations Department in October 2021, she said that some Asian nations, including the CIS, are acquiring the AK-203.[11]

In October 21, 2022, full production of AK-203s was announced at Defexpo 2022.[12]

On February 3, 2023, it was reported by Alexander Mikheev, director general of Rosoboronexport, that the first batch of AK-203s were completed at Korwa Ordnance Factory in Amethi, Uttar Pradesh.[13] On October 12, 2023, it was reported that Kalashnikov Concern completed shipment of machinery and tools for India to manufacture AK-203s.[14]


The AK-203 is chambered for 7.62×39, and it can use AK-type magazines.[12] It weighs 3.8 kg, and has a length of 690 mm with the stock folded, or 930 mm with it extended.[12] Its rate of fire is 700 rounds per minute.[12]



  1. ^ a b c d Onokoy, Vlad (27 April 2019). "Kalashnikov AK-203: The New Assault Rifle of the Indian Army". Small Arms Defense Journal. Vol. 11, no. 4. Archived from the original on 23 October 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e "7.62mm Kalashnikov Assault Rifle AK203 | Catalog Rosoboronexport". roe.ru. Rosoboronexport. Archived from the original on 22 October 2021. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  3. ^ "AK-203 Production Kicks-off in India". Rostec State Corporation. 4 March 2019.
  4. ^ "Russian National Guard modernizes firearm, vehicle and boat inventory". www.armyrecognition.com. 15 March 2019.
  5. ^ Pubby, Manu (6 February 2020). "Indo-Russian joint venture for Amethi rifles factory hits hurdle". The Economic Times.
  6. ^ Pubby, Manu (4 June 2020). "Amethi AK-203 factory unlikely to start operations in 2020". The Economic Times.
  7. ^ Bedi, Rahul (13 December 2023). "India's Assault Rifle Induction Woes Continue With Delays In Indigenous Ak-203 Production". The Wire. Retrieved 26 February 2024.
  8. ^ "Russia delivers all the contracted 70,000 AK203 assault rifles to India". Zee News. Retrieved 19 December 2023.
  9. ^ "India buys 70,000 AK203 assault rifles off the shelf from Russia | Defense News August 2021 Global Security army industry | Defense Security global news industry army year 2021 | Archive News year". www.armyrecognition.com. Retrieved 19 December 2023.
  10. ^ a b "AK 203 deal: Initial batch of 70,000 rifles delivered to armed forces by Russia". The Economic Times. 25 January 2022. ISSN 0013-0389. Retrieved 19 December 2023.
  11. ^ "Russian AK203 Assault Rifle in Use with C.I.S., Asian Nations". www.defensemirror.com. Retrieved 19 December 2023.
  12. ^ a b c d "Defexpo 2022: India set to locally produce Russian AK-203 rifles". Janes.com. Retrieved 19 December 2023.
  13. ^ "Indo-Russian venture completes production of AK-203 first batch". Janes.com. Retrieved 19 December 2023.
  14. ^ "Kalashnikov Completes Delivery of Tools to India for AK-203 Production -". The Firearm Blog. 12 October 2023. Retrieved 19 December 2023.
  15. ^ a b Siddiqui, Huma (23 August 2021). "Indian Army to buy AK-203 off the shelf from Russia". The Financial Express. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  16. ^ "Russia delivers all the contracted 70,000 AK-203 assault rifles to India".
  17. ^ "India launches production of AK-203 Kalashnikov assault rifles — Rosoboronexport".