ATP1A4
Identifiers
AliasesATP1A4, ATP1A1, ATP1AL2, ATPase Na+/K+ transporting subunit alpha 4
External IDsOMIM: 607321 MGI: 1351335 HomoloGene: 113769 GeneCards: ATP1A4
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_001001734
NM_144699

NM_013734

RefSeq (protein)

NP_001001734
NP_653300

NP_038762

Location (UCSC)Chr 1: 160.15 – 160.19 MbChr 1: 172.05 – 172.09 Mb
PubMed search[3][4]
Wikidata
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse

Sodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit alpha-4 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the ATP1A4 gene.[5][6][7]

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the family of P-type cation transport ATPases, and to the subfamily of Na+/K+ -ATPases. Na+/K+ -ATPase is an integral membrane protein responsible for establishing and maintaining the electrochemical gradients of Na and K ions across the plasma membrane. These gradients are essential for osmoregulation, for sodium-coupled transport of a variety of organic and inorganic molecules, and for electrical excitability of nerve and muscle. This enzyme is composed of two subunits, a large catalytic subunit (alpha) and a smaller glycoprotein subunit (beta). The catalytic subunit of Na+/K+ -ATPase is encoded by multiple genes. This gene encodes an alpha 4 subunit. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000132681 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ a b c GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000007107 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  4. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  5. ^ Buetow KH, Nishimura D, Nakamura Y, Jiang O, Murray JC (May 1991). "A detailed multipoint gene map of chromosome 1q". Genomics. 8 (1): 13–21. doi:10.1016/0888-7543(90)90220-O. PMID 1981991.
  6. ^ Shull MM, Lingrel JB (Jul 1987). "Multiple genes encode the human Na+,K+-ATPase catalytic subunit". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 84 (12): 4039–43. Bibcode:1987PNAS...84.4039S. doi:10.1073/pnas.84.12.4039. PMC 305017. PMID 3035563.
  7. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: ATP1A4 ATPase, Na+/K+ transporting, alpha 4 polypeptide".

Further reading