Abdulrahman Saleh
Nickname(s)Karbol
Born(1909-07-01)1 July 1909
Batavia, Dutch East Indies
Died29 July 1947(1947-07-29) (aged 38)
Ngoto, Maguwoharjo, Yogyakarta
Buried
Ngoto, Maguwoharjo, Yogyakarta
Allegiance
Service/branchIndonesian Air Force
Years of servicec. 1945 – 1947
RankAir Vice-Marshal (posthumously)
AwardsNational Hero of Indonesia

Abdulrahman Saleh (1 July 1909 – 29 July 29 1947) was an Indonesian physician and aviator whose plane was shot down by the Dutch during the Indonesian National Revolution. He was also cofounder of Radio Republik Indonesia. He was posthumously declared a National Hero of Indonesia in 1974.[1][2][3]

Early life

He was born in Ketapang village (West Kwitang), Batavia, Dutch East Indies (today Jakarta, Indonesia) on 1 July 1909. His parents were Mohammad Saleh, a well known physician, and Ismudiati. He followed in his father's path and studied to become a doctor in a medical college for Indonesians, School Tot Opleiding van Inlandsche Artsen (STOVIA). As STOVIA was closed down before completion of his study, he continued his studies in another medical college, Geneeskundige Hoge School (GHS). Due to his curly hair, his friends began to call him "Karbol" taken from Dutch word Krullebol meaning "curly hair".[2]

During his time in medical college, he joined various youth organizations such as Jong Java, the scouting organization Indonesische Padvinderij Organisatie and other sports clubs. He also developed an interest in radio broadcasting and aviation. He joined an aviation club in Batavia and eventually managed to obtain a pilot license.[2]

Career

After completion of his medical studies in 1937, he pursued further studies in physiology and became a lecturer in the medical college Nederlandsch-Indische Artsen School (NIAS) in Surabaya in 1942.[4] He later returned to Batavia as lecturer at his almamater, GHS, and was promoted to full professor.[2]

Outside of his medical career, Saleh was also appointed as head of radio broadcasting organization named Vereniging voor Oosterse Radio Omroep (VORO), and was later involved in the establishment of an Indonesian Public Broadcasting Institute (Radio Republik Indonesia / RRI) on 11 September 1945.[4]

After he was satisfied that the Indonesian radio institute was in good hands, he resigned from his position there and joined the Republic of Indonesia Armed Forces to assist in establishment of Indonesian Air Force with Agustinus Adisutjipto, his former student in GHS. He then served as flight instructor in the newly establish Flight School in Yogyakarta, in the Maguwo Air Field.[2]

During the first of two major Dutch police actions against the Republic of Indonesia, Operation Product, Saleh and Adisujipto were ordered to fly to India. They successfully breached the air blockade conducted by the Dutch air force, covering the airspace from Indonesia to India and Pakistan. However, during their journey back from Singapore, while transporting donated medical supplies from the Red Cross of Malaya at Singapore, their Dakota aircraft was shot down by two Dutch P-40 Kittyhawk aircraft in Dusun Ngoto on 29 July 1947, even though Indonesia had asked permission from Netherlands to deliver medical supplies. The remains of their Dakota VT-CLA can be seen in Dirgantara Mandala Museum.[5]

With the help of a local noble family, he was buried at Kuncen Cemetery in Yogyakarta, which is reserved for Javanese nobles.[citation needed]

Recognition

On 17 August 1952, the Indonesian Air Force renamed the Abdulrahman Saleh Air Force Base in Malang, East Java after him. This Air Force Base also serves civil aviation for the city.[6]

On 5 December 1958, The faculty of medicine of the University of Indonesia honored him as Indonesia's father of Physiology. The annual Medical and General Biology Competition is called the Abdulrahman Saleh trophy.[7]

Starting August 1965, Indonesian Air Force Academy officially adopt Saleh's nickname of Karbol to refer all cadets of the Academy to honor his service.[8]

On 9 November 1974, for his services to the country before and after the independence of Indonesia, Abdul Rahman Saleh was posthumously promoted to Air Vice-Marshal and named an Indonesia National Hero by the President on behalf of the nation.[1]

In 2000, based on Indonesian Air Force initiative and family approval, his grave was relocated from Kuncen cemetery to Ngoto, near the crash site. Many friends and supporters came to lay him to rest and thanked him for his service. The new grave is part of the Indonesian Air Force's Monument Perjuangan Ngoto, together with the graves of Mrs. Ismudiati Abdulrahman Saleh, Agustinus Adisucipto, and Mrs. Adisucipto.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b Adryamarthanino, Verelladevanka (4 June 2021). "Abdulrachman Saleh: Masa Kecil, Peran, dan Akhir Hidupnya". Kompas (in Indonesian). Retrieved 17 September 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Abdulrachman Saleh, Tokoh AURI Multi Talenta". Indonesian Air Force. Retrieved 17 September 2021.
  3. ^ Djordjevic, Nebojsa (2014). "The Depiction of a (National) Hero: Pangeran Diponegoro in Paintings from the Nineteenth Century until Today": 110. S2CID 194159524. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ a b Matanasi, Petrik (21 June 2017). "Dokter, Penerbang, dan Perintis Radio Kebanggaan Indonesia" (in Indonesian). tirto.id. Retrieved 17 September 2021.
  5. ^ Asri, Donna CH; Koelich, Marc (1 October 2006). "Para Sahabat AURI yang Terlupakan". Angkasa Online (in Indonesian). Tahun XVII. Retrieved 17 September 2021.
  6. ^ "Surat Penetapan Kepala Staf Angkatan Udara Nomor 76/48/Pon.2/KS/52". Chief of Staff of the Air Force's Decree No. 76/48/Pon.2/KS/52 of 17 August 1952 (in Indonesian). Chief of the Staff of the Air Force.
  7. ^ a b Ilyasa, Bara (10 September 2020). "Abdulrahman Saleh Milik RRI, AURI, dan FKUI". Radio Republik Indonesia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 17 September 2021.
  8. ^ "Surat Keputusan Komandan Akademi Angkatan Udara No. 145/KPTS/AAU/1965". Air Force Academy Governor's Decree No. 145/KPTS/AAU/1965 of 3 August 1965 (in Indonesian). Air Force Academy Governor.