Achang
Ngachang အာချန် / ငါချန်
Pronunciation[ŋa˨˩tʂhaŋ˨˩]
Native toChina, Myanmar
EthnicityAchang
Native speakers
(60,000 cited 1990–2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3acn
Glottologacha1252
ELPXiandao

The Achang language (Achang: Ngachang; Chinese: 阿昌, Burmese: အာချန်) is a Tibeto-Burman language spoken by the Achang (also known as Maingtha and Ngochang) in Yunnan, China, and northern Myanmar.[2]

Distribution

Achang is spoken in the following locations (阿昌语简志):

The Chintaw or Xiandao 仙岛 dialect (100 speakers; autonym kʰan˧˩ tau˧˩) is spoken in the following two locations in Yingjiang County, Dehong Prefecture (Xiandaoyu Yanjiu).

Phonology

Consonants

Consonant phonemes[5]
Labial Alveolar Post-Alv. Palatal Velar Glottal
plain sibilant
Stop aspirated tsʰ tʃʰ ʔ
voiced b d dz ɟ g
Fricative s ʃ ç h
Nasal m n ŋ
Approximant w l j

Vowels

Monophthongs[5]
Front Central Back
Close i ɯ u
Mid ɛ ɔ
Open aˑ a


Syntax

Achang word order is subject-object-verb (SOV). There is no dominant order for nouns and their adjective modifiers.[6]

References

  1. ^ Achang at Ethnologue (19th ed., 2016)
  2. ^ "Achang". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2019-02-06.
  3. ^ "Yíngjiāng Xiàn Nòngzhāng Zhèn Mángmiǎn Cūn Xiāndǎo Zìráncūn" 盈江县弄璋镇芒缅村仙岛自然村 [Xiandao Natural Village, Mangmian Village, Nongzhang Town, Yingjiang County]. ynszxc.gov.cn (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2016-03-05.
  4. ^ "Yíngjiāng Xiàn Nòngzhāng Zhèn Mángxiàn Cūn Měngé Zìráncūn" 盈江县弄璋镇芒线村勐俄自然村 [Meng'e Natural Village, Mangxian Village, Nongzhang Town, Yingjiang County]. ynszxc.gov.cn (in Chinese). 2016-03-09. Archived from the original on 2016-03-09. Retrieved 2021-08-23.
  5. ^ a b Inglis & Inglis (2003)
  6. ^ "Language Achang". The World Atlas of Language Structures Online. Retrieved 2019-02-06.

Further reading