Achang
Ngachang အာချန် / ငါချန်
Pronunciation[ŋa˨˩tʂhaŋ˨˩]
Native toChina, Myanmar
EthnicityAchang
Native speakers
(60,000 cited 1990–2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3acn
Glottologacha1252

The Achang language (Achang: Ngachang; Chinese: 阿昌, Burmese: အာချန်) is a Tibeto-Burman language spoken by the Achang (also known as Maingtha and Ngochang) in Yunnan, China, and northern Myanmar.[2]

Distribution

Achang is spoken in the following locations (阿昌语简志):

The Xiandao 仙岛 dialect (100 speakers; autonym kʰan˧˩ tau˧˩) is spoken in the following two locations in Yingjiang County, Dehong Prefecture (Xiandaoyu Yanjiu).

Phonology

Consonants

Consonant phonemes[5]
Labial Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Stop b d ɟ ɡ ʔ
Affricate tsʰ dz tʃʰ
Fricative s ʃ ç h
Nasal m n ŋ
Approximant w l j

Vowels

Monophthongs[5]
Front Central Back
Close i ɯ u
Mid ɛ ɔ
Open aˑ a

Syntax

Achang word order is subject-object-verb (SOV). There is no dominant order for nouns and their adjective modifiers.[6]

Further reading

References

  1. ^ Achang at Ethnologue (19th ed., 2016)
  2. ^ "Achang". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2019-02-06.
  3. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vindex.aspx?departmentid=150440
  4. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vindex.aspx?departmentid=150426
  5. ^ a b Inglis, Douglas. "A preliminary phonology of Ngochang". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ "WALS Online - Language Achang". wals.info. Retrieved 2019-02-06.