Acts 24
Acts 15:22–24 in Latin (left column) and Greek (right column) in Codex Laudianus, written about AD 550.
BookActs of the Apostles
CategoryChurch history
Christian Bible partNew Testament
Order in the Christian part5

Acts 24 is the twenty-fourth chapter of the Acts of the Apostles in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It records the period of Paul's imprisonment in Caesarea. The book containing this chapter is anonymous but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that Luke composed this book as well as the Gospel of Luke.[1]

Text

The original text was written in Koine Greek. This chapter is divided into 27 verses.

Textual witnesses

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:

Location

Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Caesarea
Caesarea
Location of Caesarea (with Jerusalem as reference)

The events in this chapter took place in Caesarea.

The speech for the prosecution (24:1–9)

The Sanhedrin promptly sent a delegation, bringing a professional rhetor (KJV: orator; NRSV attorney) to make a formal rhetorical presentation on their behalf (verse 1).[2] The venue of the hearing has changed to be 'much more in the Roman sphere than the Jewish'.[2]

Verse 1

And after five days Ananias the high priest descended with the elders, and with a certain orator named Tertullus, who informed the governor against Paul.[3]

Verse 5

For we have found this man a pestilent fellow, and a mover of sedition among all the Jews throughout the world, and a ringleader of the sect of the Nazarenes:[5]

The speech for the defense (24:10–21)

In his turn to speak, Paul, like Tertullus, focuses his self-defence (apologia, verse 10) on events in Jerusalem, that he has not been involved in disputes or riots in synagogue or temple (verse 12), and, 'as Luke takes pains to show, no offence against the law can be proved against him' (verse 13).[2]

Felix defers judgement (24:22–27)

Bronze prutah minted by Antonius Felix in Nero's third year (date: LC; 56/57 AD).
Bronze prutah minted by Antonius Felix in Nero's third year (date: LC; 56/57 AD).
Bronze prutah minted by Porcius Festus in Nero's fifth year (date: LE; 58/59 AD)
Bronze prutah minted by Porcius Festus in Nero's fifth year (date: LE; 58/59 AD)

When prosecution and defense have presented their cases, Felix the procurator 'refuses to be drawn into making a judgement', first 'on the pretext of waiting for the tribune's report' (verse 22), but then 'no more is heard of this'.[2] According to custom at that time, Paul could be released at the end of Felix's term of office (verse 27), yet 'Felix deliberately leaves the case for his successor'.[2]

Verse 27

But after two years Porcius Festus succeeded Felix; and Felix, wanting to do the Jews a favor, left Paul bound.[8]

See also

  • Related Bible parts: Acts 21, Acts 22, Acts 23
  • References

    1. ^ Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
    2. ^ a b c d e Alexander 2007, p. 1057.
    3. ^ Acts 24:1 KJV
    4. ^ Alexander 2007, p. 1056.
    5. ^ Acts 24:5 KJV
    6. ^ Note [e] on Acts 24:5 in NET Bible.
    7. ^ Allison, Dale C., Jr. (2007). "57. Matthew". In Barton, John; Muddiman, John (eds.). The Oxford Bible Commentary (first (paperback) ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 850. ISBN 978-0199277186.
    8. ^ Acts 24:27 NKJV
    9. ^ Turner, Cuthbert Hamilton (1911). "Bible § The Chronology of the Apostolic Age" . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 892–893.
    10. ^ Bruce, F. F. (1983). New Testament History. Doubleday. pp. 345f.

    Sources