Adams County
Postcard. Adams County Courthouse in Hettinger
Map of North Dakota highlighting Adams County
Location within the U.S. state of North Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting North Dakota
North Dakota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 46°05′N 102°32′W / 46.09°N 102.53°W / 46.09; -102.53
Country United States
State North Dakota
FoundedApril 17, 1907 (created)
April 24, 1907 (organized)
SeatHettinger
Largest cityHettinger
Area
 • Total989 sq mi (2,560 km2)
 • Land988 sq mi (2,560 km2)
 • Water1.1 sq mi (3 km2)  0.1%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total2,200
 • Estimate 
(2021)
2,167
 • Density2.2/sq mi (0.86/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional districtAt-large

Adams County is a county in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2020 census, the population was 2,200.[1] The county seat is Hettinger.[2] The county was created on April 17, 1907, and organized one week later.[3][4][5] It was named for John Quincy Adams (1848–1919), a railroad official for the Milwaukee Road Railroad and distant relative of sixth U.S. President John Quincy Adams (1767–1848).[6][7]

Geography

Adams County lies on the south line of North Dakota. Its south boundary line abuts the north boundary line of the state of South Dakota. Its terrain consists of semi-arid low rolling hills.[8] Its terrain generally slopes eastward, and its highest point is on its upper west boundary line, at 3,002' (915m) ASL.[9] The county has a total area of 989 square miles (2,560 km2), of which 988 square miles (2,560 km2) is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) (0.1%) is water.[10]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Protected areas

[8]

Lakes

[8]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19105,407
19205,5933.4%
19306,34313.4%
19404,664−26.5%
19504,9105.3%
19604,449−9.4%
19703,832−13.9%
19803,584−6.5%
19903,174−11.4%
20002,593−18.3%
20102,343−9.6%
20202,200−6.1%
2021 (est.)2,167−1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2020[1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 census there were 2,593 people, 1,121 households, and 725 families in the county. The population density was 2.6 people per square mile (1.0/km2). There were 1,416 housing units at an average density of 1.4 per square mile (0.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.50% White, 0.54% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.35% from two or more races. 0.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 40.6% were of German, 27.9% Norwegian and 5.6% English ancestry.

There were 1,121 households, out of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.85.

The county population contained 23.2% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 21.7% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 24.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,079, and the median income for a family was $34,306. Males had a median income of $23,073 versus $18,714 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,425. About 8.5% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.1% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 2,343 people, 1,098 households, and 658 families in the county.[15] The population density was 2.4 inhabitants per square mile (0.93/km2). There were 1,377 housing units at an average density of 1.4 per square mile (0.54/km2).[16] The racial makeup of the county was 97.3% white, 0.7% American Indian, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.2% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.9% of the population.[15] In terms of ancestry, 51.8% were German, 29.9% were Norwegian, 8.0% were Irish, 7.4% were Swedish, 7.1% were English, 5.4% were Russian, and 4.6% were American.[17]

Of the 1,098 households, 22.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.1% were non-families, and 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.69. The median age was 49.5 years.[15]

The median income for a household in the county was $35,966 and the median income for a family was $50,227. Males had a median income of $31,290 versus $25,145 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,118. About 5.7% of families and 10.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under age 18 and 14.2% of those age 65 or over.[18]

Population by decade

Communities

Detailed map of Adams County
Detailed map of Adams County

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

Townships

Unorganized territories

Defunct townships

Politics

Adams County voters have been reliably Republican for decades. In only two national elections since 1936 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate.

United States presidential election results for Adams County, North Dakota[21]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 981 77.30% 258 20.33% 30 2.36%
2016 909 74.63% 216 17.73% 93 7.64%
2012 918 71.38% 328 25.51% 40 3.11%
2008 788 62.00% 435 34.23% 48 3.78%
2004 915 70.88% 353 27.34% 23 1.78%
2000 826 71.21% 286 24.66% 48 4.14%
1996 575 49.91% 366 31.77% 211 18.32%
1992 647 39.79% 469 28.84% 510 31.37%
1988 1,018 58.61% 708 40.76% 11 0.63%
1984 1,343 70.68% 530 27.89% 27 1.42%
1980 1,334 68.73% 470 24.21% 137 7.06%
1976 940 48.53% 959 49.51% 38 1.96%
1972 1,177 62.77% 665 35.47% 33 1.76%
1968 1,020 57.27% 641 35.99% 120 6.74%
1964 877 46.45% 1,010 53.50% 1 0.05%
1960 1,232 59.69% 832 40.31% 0 0.00%
1956 1,338 64.86% 723 35.05% 2 0.10%
1952 1,561 70.54% 633 28.60% 19 0.86%
1948 908 51.01% 753 42.30% 119 6.69%
1944 966 58.62% 668 40.53% 14 0.85%
1940 1,231 58.76% 837 39.95% 27 1.29%
1936 746 31.03% 1,321 54.95% 337 14.02%
1932 915 35.11% 1,514 58.10% 177 6.79%
1928 1,590 70.67% 644 28.62% 16 0.71%
1924 776 40.25% 106 5.50% 1,046 54.25%
1920 1,377 77.88% 347 19.63% 44 2.49%
1916 469 43.63% 532 49.49% 74 6.88%
1912 205 24.15% 249 29.33% 395 46.53%
1908 577 70.45% 201 24.54% 41 5.01%


See also

References

  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Adams County, North Dakota". www.census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 27, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ North Dakota Secretary of State (1995). North Dakota Blue Book. Bismarck: North Dakota Secretary of State. p. 446.
  4. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Archived from the original on April 2, 2018. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  5. ^ "County History". North Dakota.gov. The State of North Dakota. Archived from the original on February 2, 2015. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  6. ^ Wick, Douglas A. North Dakota Place Names. Hedemarken Collectibles. p. 217. ISBN 0-9620968-0-6.
  7. ^ County History Archived February 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, State of North Dakota
  8. ^ a b c Adams County ND Google Maps (accessed February 13, 2019)
  9. ^ ""Find an Altitude" Adams County ND - Google Maps (accessed February 13, 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved February 13, 2019.
  10. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 29, 2015. Retrieved January 27, 2015.
  11. ^ "United States Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 27, 2015.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 27, 2015.
  13. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 27, 2015.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 27, 2015.
  15. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  16. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  17. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  18. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  19. ^ Holden Unorganized Territory consists of the boundaries of the former Holden Township.
  20. ^ Whetstone Township disorganized and became part of West Adams Unorganized Territory January 1, 2006.
  21. ^ Leip, David. "US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 12, 2018.

Coordinates: 46°05′N 102°32′W / 46.09°N 102.53°W / 46.09; -102.53