Aditya Prasad Dash (born 23 March 1951), who hails from the Indian State of Odisha, is an Indian biologist with special interest in malaria and vector borne diseases.[1] His areas of interest include biomedical science, transmission biology of tropical disease, and modern biology of disease vectors. According to Vidwan, the national network for researchers and experts, Dash has authored 320 publications co-authored 699 publications.[2] Since September 2020, Dash has been serving as the Vice Chancellor[3][4] of Asian Institute of Public Health (AIPH) in Bhubaneswar. Before joining AIPH, he was the Vice Chancellor of Central University of Tamil Nadu during the period from August 2015 to August 2020.[5] He had also worked at the World Health Organization (WHO) as the Regional Advisor for the South-East Region. He has also worked as the Director of the National Institute of Malaria Research (NIMR), New Delhi, of the Institute of Life Sciences (ILS), Bhubaneswar and of the National Institute for Research on Tribal Health, Jabalpur.[1][4]

Contributions to biomedical science

Dash's work helped in showing that Anopheles annularis is an important vector in rural areas and in the identification of telomerase activity in gametocytes of Plasmodium falciparum. Through his research, Dash demonstrated the efficacy of drug combinations and also of Mass Drug Administration (MDA) in India. His finding that supplementing MDA with integrated vector management can prevent Lymphatic filariasis transmission more efficiently than MDA alone has been included in the Lymphatic filariasis elimination plan of the WHO. He developied an animal model for chemotherapeutic and immunological studies for parasitic diseases. Dash has also developed a simple technique for detecting dengue virus antigens in desiccated mosquitoes. He did some fundamental research correlating the change in vector borne disease epidemiology to the change in climate parameters.

His work employing multiple genetic fragments with DNA sequencing studies corroborated the inferences on the phylogenetic interrelationships among Indian malaria vectors with the inferences based on the traditional cyto-taxonomical approaches. Dash has also worked in comparative genomic studies of genomes of malaria parasites and the results he obtained revealed genomic similarities between the genomes of the parasites. Dash's contribution in scanning the whole genome of the African malaria vector revealed interesting genomic organization of this species. Dash has also contributed in developing novel genomic markers to understand the population structure and demographic history of Indian P. vivax. This information has provided baselines for the study of genetic pattern of drug resistance and virulence associated genes in field populations of this species.

He has undertaken several field trials of various intervention measures and these trials helped to translate laboratory findings into deliverable products.[3]

Recognition: Padma Shri

Other recognitions

Many awards have been conferred upon Dash for his contributions to the development of public health programmes. These include:[1]

Fellowships/Memberships

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Curriculum Vitae of Prof A. P. Dash" (PDF). Central University of Tamil Nadu. Central University of Tamil Nadu. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  2. ^ "Prof Aditya Prasad Dash". Vidwan. INFLIBNet, National Mission on Education through ICT. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  3. ^ a b "Prof A P Dash, Vice-Chancellor". Asian Institute of Public Health. Asian Institute of Public Health. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  4. ^ a b "Prof AP Dash, new VC of AIPH University". The New Indian Express. Express News Service. 2 September 2020. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  5. ^ Special Correspondent (11 August 2020). "VC hailed for transforming varsity into centre of excellence". The Hindu. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  6. ^ "Padma Awards 2022" (PDF). Padma Awards. Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2022-01-25. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  7. ^ "Padma Awards 2022". Padma Awards. Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt of India. Archived from the original on 2022-01-29. Retrieved 11 February 2022.