Adobe Acrobat
Initial release1987; 37 years ago (1987)
Stable release(s) [±]
Windows OS, continuous track24.002.20857 / June 15, 2024; 31 days ago (2024-06-15)[1][2]
macOS, continuous track24.002.20857 / June 15, 2024; 31 days ago (2024-06-15)[1][2]
Windows OS, classic track (2020)20.005.30636 / May 14, 2024; 2 months ago (2024-05-14)[1][3]
macOS, classic track (2020)20.005.30635 / May 14, 2024; 2 months ago (2024-05-14)[1][3]
Android24.5.1.33730 / June 19, 2024; 27 days ago (2024-06-19)[4]
iOS24.05.01 / June 21, 2024; 25 days ago (2024-06-21)[5]
Windows, UWP, PC3.1 / September 29, 2014; 9 years ago (2014-09-29)[6][7]
Windows, UWP, mobile16.0.137027 / February 3, 2016; 8 years ago (2016-02-03)[8]
Linux9.5.5 / May 14, 2013; 11 years ago (2013-05-14)[9][10]
Solaris9.4.1 / November 30, 2010; 13 years ago (2010-11-30)[11]
HP-UX, AIX7.0.9 / January 9, 2007; 17 years ago (2007-01-09)[12]
Preview release(s) [±]
Android (Beta) / November 17, 2023; 7 months ago (2023-11-17)[13]
Operating system
TypeDesktop publishing
LicenseProprietary (freeware or trialware)

Adobe Acrobat is a family of application software and Web services developed by Adobe Inc. to view, create, manipulate, print and manage Portable Document Format (PDF) files.[17]

The family comprises Acrobat Reader (formerly Reader), Acrobat (formerly Exchange) and The basic Acrobat Reader, available for several desktop and mobile platforms, is freeware; it supports viewing, printing, scaling or resizing[18] and annotating of PDF files.[19] Additional, "Premium", services are available on paid subscription. The commercial proprietary Acrobat, available for Microsoft Windows and macOS only, can also create, edit, convert, digitally sign, encrypt, export and publish PDF files. complements the family with a variety of enterprise content management and file hosting services.


The main function of Adobe Acrobat is creating, viewing, and editing PDF documents. It can import popular document and image formats and save them as PDF. It is also possible to import a scanner's output, a website, or the contents of the Windows clipboard.

Because of the nature of the PDF, however, once a PDF document is created, its natural organization and flow cannot be meaningfully modified. In other words, Adobe Acrobat is able to modify the contents of paragraphs and images, but doing so does not repaginate the whole document to accommodate for a longer or shorter document. Acrobat can crop PDF pages, change their order, manipulate hyperlinks, digitally sign a PDF file, add comments, redact certain parts of the PDF file, and ensure its adherence to such standards as PDF/A.


Further information: Adobe Acrobat version history

Adobe Acrobat was launched in 1993 and had to compete with other products and proprietary formats that aimed to create digital documents:

Acrobat XI
Reader XI
Distiller XI
Old logos of Acrobat programs and services

Adobe has renamed the Acrobat products several times, in addition to merging, splitting and discontinuing them. Initially, the offered products were called Acrobat Reader, Acrobat Exchange and Acrobat Distiller. "Acrobat Exchange" soon became "Acrobat". Over time, "Acrobat Reader" became "Reader". Between versions 3 and 5, Acrobat did not have several editions.[clarification needed] In 1999, the service came to being and introduced several web services whose names started with "Acrobat", but eventually, "" was downgraded from the name of the family of services, to that of one of those services.

Unlike most other Adobe products, such as members of Adobe Creative Suite family, the Acrobat products do not have icons that display two letters on a colored rectangle.

Document Cloud

In April 2015, Adobe introduced the "Document Cloud" branding (alongside its Creative Cloud) to signify its adoption of the cloud storage and the software as a service model. Programs under this branding received a "DC" suffix. In addition, "Reader" was renamed back to "Acrobat Reader".[23][24] Following the introduction of Document Cloud, was discontinued as their features were integrated into the desktop programs and mobile apps.

The GUI had major changes with the introduction of Acrobat DC in 2015, which supports Windows 7 and later, and OS X 10.9 and later. Version numbers are now identified by the last two digits of the year of major release, and the month and year is specified; the previous version was 12, but examples of the DC (Document Cloud) Acrobat product family versions are DC June 2016, version 15.016.20045, released 2 June 2016 and DC Classic January 2016, version 15.006.30119, released 12 January 2016.[25] From DC 2015 the Acrobat family is available in two tracks, the original track, now named Classic, and the Continuous track.[26] Updates for the Classic track are released quarterly, and do not include new features, whereas updates for the Continuous track are issued more frequently, and implemented silently and automatically.[27]

The last pre-DC version, Acrobat XI, was updated to 11.0.23 version (and this was the final release[28]) on November 14, 2017,[29] support for which had ended a month earlier on October 15, 2017.[30] In September 2020, Adobe released a feature to make documents easier to read on phones called "Liquid Mode" using its Sensei AI.[31]

Adobe Acrobat family products

Current services

Discontinued services

Hidden helper tools

Supported file formats

The table below contains some of the supported file formats that can be opened or accessed in Adobe Acrobat.[37]

File format Extension
Acrobat Data File ACRODATA
Acrobat Forms Data Format FDF
Adobe Illustrator File AI
Acrobat Index File PDX
Acrobat Job Definition File JDF
Acrobat Language Plug-in LNG
Acrobat MIME Encoded Job

Definition File

Acrobat Plug-in ACROPLUGIN
Acrobat Plug-in API
Acrobat Security Settings File ACROBATSECURITYSETTINGS
Acrobat Sequence File SEQU
Acrobat XFDF File XFDF
Adobe Color Separations Table AST
Adobe Dictionary Data File ENV
Adobe Joboptions File JOBOPTIONS
Adobe Linguistic Library Data File LEX
Adobe MARS File MARS
Adobe Portable Document Format


Adobe Profile File APF
Apple QuickTime Movie MOV
Design Web Format File DWF
Drawing Exchange Format File DXF
Encapsulated PostScript Format File EPSF
Flash MP4 Video File F4V
Flash Video File FLV
Hypertext Markup Language HTM, HTML
iTunes Video File M4V
Plain Text File TXT
PostScript File PS
PostScript Image Data File PSID
Product Representation Compact


Shockwave Flash Movie SWF
Universal 3D File U3D
XML Data Package XDP
XML Paper Specification File XPS

Internationalization and localization

This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. (May 2022) (Learn how and when to remove this message)

Adobe Acrobat is available in the following languages: Arabic, Chinese Simplified, Chinese Traditional, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish and Ukrainian. Arabic and Hebrew versions are available from WinSoft International,[38] Adobe Systems' internationalization and localization partner.

Before Adobe Acrobat DC, separate Arabic and Hebrew versions were developed specifically for these languages, which are normally written right-to-left. These versions include special TouchUp properties to manage digits, ligatures option and paragraph direction in right-to-left Middle Eastern scripts such as Arabic, Hebrew, and Persian, as well as standard left-to-right Indian scripts such as Devanagari and Gujarati. The Web Capture feature can convert single web pages or entire web sites into PDF files, while preserving the content's original text encoding. Acrobat can also copy Arabic and Hebrew text to the system clipboard in its original encoding; if the target application is also compatible with the text encoding, then the text will appear in the correct script.


A comprehensive list of security bulletins for most Adobe products and related versions is published on their Security bulletins and advisories page and in other related venues.[39][40] In particular, the detailed history of security updates for all versions of Adobe Acrobat has been made public.[41]

From Version 3.02 onwards, Acrobat Reader has included support for JavaScript. This functionality allows a PDF document creator to include code which executes when the document is read. Malicious PDF files that attempt to attack security vulnerabilities can be attached to links on web pages or distributed as email attachments. While JavaScript is designed without direct access to the file system to make it "safe", vulnerabilities have been reported for abuses such as distributing malicious code by Acrobat programs.[42] Adobe applications had already become the most popular client-software targets for attackers during the last quarter of 2009.[43] McAfee predicted that Adobe software, especially Reader and Flash, would be the primary target for software attacks in the year 2010.[44]

September 2006 warning

On September 13, 2006, David Kierznowski provided sample PDF files illustrating JavaScript vulnerabilities. Since at least version 6, JavaScript can be disabled using the preferences menu[45] and embedded URLs that are launched are intercepted by a security warning dialog box to either allow or block the website from activating.[46]

February 2009 warning

On February 19, 2009, Adobe released a Security Bulletin announcing JavaScript vulnerabilities in Adobe Reader and Acrobat versions 9 and earlier.[47] As a workaround for this issue, US-CERT recommended disabling JavaScript in the affected Adobe products, canceling integration with Windows shell and web browsers (while carrying out an extended version of de-integration for Internet Explorer), deactivating Adobe indexing services and avoiding all PDF files from external sources.[48]

February 2013 warning

Adobe has identified critical vulnerabilities in Adobe Reader and Acrobat XI (11.0.01 and earlier) for Windows and Macintosh, 9.5.3 and earlier 9.x versions. These vulnerabilities could cause the application to crash and potentially allow an attacker to take control of the affected system. There have been reports of these vulnerabilities being exploited to trick Windows users into clicking on a malicious PDF file delivered in an email message. Adobe recommended users update their product installations.[49]

January 2016 warning

Adobe has released security updates for Adobe Acrobat and Reader for Windows and Macintosh. These updates address critical vulnerabilities that could potentially allow an attacker to take control of the affected system.[50][51]

See also


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  2. ^ a b "24.002.20857 Optional update, June 15, 2024". Adobe Systems. Retrieved 2024-06-25.
  3. ^ a b "20.005.3063x Planned update, May 14, 2024". Adobe Systems. Retrieved 2023-06-25.
  4. ^ Adobe Systems. "Adobe Reader". Google Play. Google Inc. Retrieved 2024-06-25.
  5. ^ Adobe Systems. "Adobe Reader". App Store. Apple. Retrieved 2024-06-25.
  6. ^ "Adobe Reader Windows Store page". Microsoft Store. Microsoft. Retrieved 2013-06-27.
  7. ^ "Adobe Reader Touch for Windows 8 adds Comments and More". Engineering blog for Adobe Reader on mobile platforms. Adobe Systems. 2013-02-01. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
  8. ^ Adobe Systems. "Adobe Acrobat Reader". Windows Store. Microsoft.
  9. ^ "FTP download of Adobe Reader for Linux". ftp. Adobe Systems. Retrieved 2013-05-15.
  10. ^ "Adobe - Security Bulletins: APSB13-15 - Security updates for Adobe Reader and Acrobat". Adobe Systems. Retrieved 2015-11-26. Release date: May 14, 2013; Last updated: August 8, 2013; Vulnerability identifier: APSB13-15
  11. ^ "Security Advisory for Adobe Flash Player, Adobe Reader and Acrobat". Adobe Systems. Retrieved 2018-04-19. Release date: October 28, 2010; Last updated: November 16, 2010; Vulnerability identifier: APSA10-05
  12. ^ "Update available for vulnerabilities in versions 7.0.8 and earlier of Adobe Reader and Acrobat". Adobe Systems. Retrieved 2018-05-21. Release date: January 9, 2007; Last updated: January 16, 2007; Vulnerability identifier: APSB07-01
  13. ^ Adobe Systems. "Adobe Reader". Google Play. Google Inc. Retrieved 2023-11-19.
  14. ^ "Download new and previous versions of Adobe Reader". Adobe Systems. Retrieved 7 April 2022.
  15. ^ "Adobe Acrobat Reader Distribution". Adobe Systems. Retrieved 19 Nov 2023.
  16. ^ "Download Acrobat installer for Enterprise term or VIP license". Adobe Systems. Retrieved 19 Nov 2023.
  17. ^ "Adobe Acrobat family". 2008. Archived from the original on 19 January 2008. Retrieved 19 January 2008.
  18. ^ "Scale or resize PDF pages. Adobe".
  19. ^ "Adobe Reader". 2008. Archived from the original on 18 January 2008. Retrieved 19 January 2008.
  20. ^ Borzo, Jeanette (14 June 1993). "Paperless: Tools resurrect hope for paperless office concept". InfoWorld. 15 (24). ISSN 0199-6649.
  21. ^ Eckerson, Wayne (26 July 1993). "Farallon gives Adobe Acrobat run for money". Network World. 10 (30). International Data Group: 86. ISSN 0887-7661.
  22. ^ Jarrin, Christopher (22 July 1996). "Reading what you sow". InfoWorld. 18 (30): 66. ISSN 0199-6649.
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  27. ^ "Document Cloud Product Tracks — Deployment Planning and Configuration".
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  29. ^ "11.0.23 Planned update, November 14, 2017 — Acrobat and Adobe Reader Release Notes". Retrieved 2017-11-30.
  30. ^ "Adobe Support Policies: Supported Product Versions". Adobe. 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  31. ^ Moon, M. (September 23, 2020). "Adobe's Liquid Mode uses AI to make PDFs easier to read on phones". Engadget. Retrieved 2022-05-31.
  32. ^ "Adobe Acrobat DC FAQ". Adobe Systems. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  33. ^ "Adobe Releases Acrobat Approval 5.0". Retrieved 2021-04-12.
  34. ^ "Acrobat family - Product comparison". 2003-04-07. Archived from the original on 2003-04-07. Retrieved 2021-04-12.
  35. ^ "What is Adobe Acrobat Synchronizer? | Techwalla".
  36. ^ "RdrCEF.exe Windows process - What is it?". Retrieved 2021-05-19.
  37. ^ "Adobe Acrobat DC 2019 Overview and Supported File Types". Retrieved 2021-04-21.
  38. ^ "Adobe Acrobat Professional software – Communicate and collaborate with the essential PDF solution, enhanced features for Central and East European and Middle Eastern users". Archived from the original on 31 August 2010. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
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