Advanced Technology Vehicle
ISRO Advanced Technology Vehicle shape-01 (rotated).jpg
FunctionExperimental scramjet testbed
Country of originIndia
Height9.10 m (29.9 ft)
Diameter0.56 m (1.8 ft)
Mass3,000 kg (6,600 lb)[1]
Associated rockets
Launch history
Launch sitesSatish Dhawan
Total launches2
First flight3 March 2010[1]
Last flight28 August 2016[2]

The Advanced Technology Vehicle is a modified Indian sounding rocket developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). It is based on the Rohini-560 rocket. The ATV program was created to test the development of a native dual-mode air-breathing scramjet engine. As of 2016, ISRO has flown two test missions.


On 3 March 2010 at 03:00 UTC, ISRO conducted the first test flight of the Advanced Technology vehicle, designated ATV-D01. It weighed 3,000 kilograms (6,600 lb) at lift-off, and measured 9.10 metres (29.9 ft) long with a diameter of 0.56 metres (1.8 ft). It carried a passive scramjet engine combustor module as a demonstration of the air-breathing propulsion technology. The ATV successfully reached Mach 6 for seven seconds and maintained a dynamic pressure of 80 kilopascals (12 psi).[1][3]


On 28 August 2016 at 00:30 UTC, the second test flight, designated ATV-D02, was launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre. Massing 3,277 kilograms (7,225 lb), the rocket carried an active scramjet engine demonstrator. At 55 seconds into the flight, the scramjets ignited at Mach 6 and functioned for about 5 seconds. The flight lasted a total of about 300 seconds and splashed down in the Bay of Bengal approximately 320 kilometres (200 mi) from the space centre.[2]

Flame was sustained in one engine for 18 seconds and in the other for 14 seconds,[4] producing net positive thrust.[5]

See also


  1. ^ a b c Mukunth, Vasudevan (13 July 2016). "ISRO Plans Scramjet Engine Test Atop Its Heaviest Sounding Rocket in July". The Wire. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Successful Flight Testing of ISRO's Scramjet Engine Technology Demonstrator". Indian Space Research Organisation. 28 August 2016. Archived from the original on 14 September 2016. Retrieved 10 September 2016.
  3. ^ "Successful flight testing of advanced sounding rocket". Indian Space Research Organisation. 3 March 2010. Archived from the original on 9 September 2016. Retrieved 10 September 2016.
  4. ^ EML by Dr A S Kiran Kumar Chairman ISRO. Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Memorial Lecture. Extra Mural Lectures IIT Madras. Archived from the original on 2021-12-21. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  5. ^ Heads of Agencies Plenary at the 67th International Astronautical Congress. SpaceRef. Archived from the original on 2021-12-21. Retrieved 5 November 2016.