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Advisory Council on Historic Preservation
Agency overview
Formed1966
JurisdictionUnited States federal government
Headquarters401 F Street NW, Suite 308 Washington, D.C. 20001
Employees40 (2020)[1]
Annual budget$7.378 million (2020)[1]
Agency executives
  • Vacant[2], Chairman
  • Jordan E. Tannenbaum, Vice Chairman
  • Reid Nelson, Acting Executive Director
  • Javier Marques, General Counsel
Websitewww.achp.gov

The Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP), an independent federal agency, is charged with the mission to promote the preservation of the nation's diverse historic resources. The ACHP advises the President and Congress on national historic preservation policy and also provides a public forum for stakeholders and the public to influence federal agency decisions regarding federal projects and programs that affect historic properties. The ACHP promotes the importance of historic preservation to foster an understanding of the nation's heritage and the contribution that historic preservation can make to contemporary communities, along with their economic and social well-being.

The ACHP was created by the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) of 1966, which sets forth most of the ACHP's duties and authorities. Passage of the NHPA was a watershed event that launched a transformation of the federal government from an agent of indifference—frequently responsible for needless loss of historic resources—to a facilitator, an agent of thoughtful change, and a responsible steward of historic properties for future generations.

The ACHP, created by the NHPA, is the only federal agency whose sole mission is promoting the preservation of the nation's diverse historic resources.

In keeping with these concepts, the ACHP is responsible for overseeing the federal historic preservation review process established by Section 106 of the NHPA (now codified as 54 U.S.C. 306108). Section 106 requires federal agencies to consider the effects of federal projects on historic properties and to provide the ACHP an opportunity to weigh in on project impacts.

Based on authority granted by the NHPA, the ACHP has issued regulations (36 CFR Part 800) that spell out how agencies should meet their Section 106 responsibilities efficiently and effectively while giving due consideration to the historic places that communities value. Administering application of the Section 106 review process is a major ACHP responsibility.

Mission

In January 2011, ACHP membership adopted the following Mission Statement:

The Advisory Council on Historic Preservation promotes the preservation, enhancement, and sustainable use of our nation's diverse historic resources, and advises the President and the Congress on national historic preservation policy.[3]

Membership

The ACHP's 24 statutorily designated members, including the chairman who heads the agency, address policy issues, direct program initiatives, and make recommendations regarding historic preservation to the President, Congress, and heads of other federal agencies. Members meet several times per year to conduct business. ACHP members are from various federal agencies, local and state government, the public, and historic preservation organizations.

Chairman

In March 2018, Aimee Jorjani was nominated by President Donald Trump as the first full-time chairman of the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP), earning final Senate confirmation in June 2019.  Ms. Jorjani has nearly 20 years of experience in the fields of government and cultural resources from a variety of perspectives including both executive and legislative branches, as well as the non-profit sector. Her career began on Capitol Hill working as a legislative aide to Rep. Paul Ryan (R-WI). She later moved to the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) and had several positions, including serving as the Deputy Secretary's Special Assistant for Historic Preservation. A native of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Ms. Jorjani is a graduate of Northern Michigan University and Goucher College, with a Masters in Historic Preservation. Jorjani’s term of office was due to end on June 10, 2021. President Joe Biden asked for Jorjani's resignation on February 5, 2021.[4]

President Joe Biden nominated Sara Bronin as the next Chairman of the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation on June 24, 2021.

List of Chairmen of the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation

This is an incomplete list of Chairmen since 1966. Until 2019, all Chairmen were appointed directly by the President. From 2018 the Chairman has been nominated by the President and confirmed with the advise and consent of the Senate:

Name Assumed office Left office President served under
Sylvester K. Stevens[5][6]
Appointed for two terms
1967 June 10, 1974 Richard Nixon
Gerald R. Ford
Clement M. Silvestro[citation needed] 1974 June 10, 1978 Gerald R. Ford
Jimmy Carter
Richard H. Jenrette[7] January 27, 1978 June 10, 1981 Jimmy Carter
Ronald Reagan
Alexander Aldrich[8] June 23, 1981 June 10, 1985 Ronald Reagan
Cynthia Grassby Baker[9] July 19, 1985 1988 Ronald Reagan
John F.W. Rogers[10], [11] March 15, 1988 June 10, 1991 George H.W. Bush
Rev. John C. Harper[12] Mary 4, 1992 June 10, 1995 George H.W. Bush
Catherine B. Slater[13]
Appointed for two terms
July 23, 1995 June 10, 2001 Bill Clinton
John L. Nau[14]
Appointed for two terms
November 2001 June 10, 2010 George W. Bush
Barack Obama
Milford Wayne Donaldson[15]
Appointed for two terms
June 10, 2010 July 22, 2019 Barack Obama
Donald Trump
Aimee K. Jorjani[16] July 22, 2019 February 5, 2021[4] Donald Trump
Vacant January 20, 2021

Activities

The ACHP's major program offices are reflected in its organizational structure.

The Office of Federal Agency Programs participates in Section 106 reviews, develops and implements program improvement initiatives, provides technical assistance and guidance for Section 106 users, and works to improve federal agency and stakeholder understanding of Section 106. It also oversees implementation of Section 3 of Executive Order 13287, "Preserve America," and develops and administers the ACHP's training program, including delivery of classroom courses, webinars, and e-learning.

The Office of Native American Affairs advises the ACHP leadership and staff on policy and program matters related to Native American issues, and offers technical assistance and outreach for tribal and Native Hawaiian Organization consultation under the Section 106 review process.

The Office of Preservation Initiatives (OPI) analyzes legislation, develops policy recommendations, oversees special studies and reports, and implements programs related to national preservation benefits such as community development, economic impacts, sustainability, and tourism. It oversees the Preserve America Program.

The Office of Communications, Education, and Outreach creates and conveys the ACHP's message to partners, stakeholders, and the general public via print and electronic media, meets information requests from citizens and Congress, handles media relations, and manages ACHP outreach, awards and publications.

A professional staff, which supports ACHP's daily operations, is headquartered in Washington, D.C.

Terms

The ACHP members who are the heads of other Federal agencies serve on the ACHP as long as they hold their head of agency positions. The president of the National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers, the Chairman of the National Trust for Historic Preservation, and the Architect of the Capitol are ex officio members of the ACHP, and therefore serve on the ACHP as long as they hold their mentioned positions. Mayors and governors serve for terms that last as long as they are serving in an elected capacity as mayor or governor but no longer than four years. The citizen (including the Chairman), expert, and Indian tribe/Native Hawaiian organization members of the ACHP all serve four year terms.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b "Advisory Council on Historic Preservation Budget Justification FY 2015" (PDF). Advisory Council on Historic Preservation. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-11-30. Retrieved 2014-11-12.
  2. ^ a b c "Council Members | Advisory Council on Historic Preservation". www.achp.gov. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  3. ^ "About the ACHP". achp.gov. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  4. ^ a b PcGlone, Peggy. "Biden removes Trump appointees from boards that shape the District". The Washington Post. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  5. ^ "Before and After the Act: Historic Preservation in Pennsylvania". Pennsylvania Heritage Magazine. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  6. ^ United States Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (1973). "Report to the President and the Congress of the United States". The Council.
  7. ^ "Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Jimmy Carter, 1978". The White House. 1 January 1979.
  8. ^ "Appointment of Seven Members of the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, and Designation of Chairman and Vice Chairman | The American Presidency Project". www.presidency.ucsb.edu. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  9. ^ "Appointment of Cynthia Grassby Baker as Chairman of the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation | The American Presidency Project". www.presidency.ucsb.edu. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  10. ^ "Nominations and Appointments, March 15, 1988". Ronald Reagan. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  11. ^ "Bush Nominated Skol As Ambassador To Venezuela". AP NEWS. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  12. ^ "Appointment of John C. Harper as Chairman of the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation | The American Presidency Project". www.presidency.ucsb.edu. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  13. ^ "Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: William J. Clinton (1997, Book II) - Digest of Other White House Announcements". www.govinfo.gov. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  14. ^ Department Of State. The Office of Electronic Information, Bureau of Public Affairs. "John L. Nau, III". 2001-2009.state.gov. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  15. ^ "Chair of the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation: Who Is Milford Wayne Donaldson?". AllGov. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
  16. ^ "PN77 - Nomination of Aimee Kathryn Jorjani for Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, 116th Congress (2019-2020)". www.congress.gov. 27 June 2019. Retrieved 4 July 2021.