Aerospike Database
Developer(s)Aerospike
Initial release2010; 14 years ago (2010)
Stable release
6.0.0.0 / April 27, 2022; 2 years ago (2022-04-27)
Repository
Written inC
Operating systemLinux
TypeDistributed Database, key-value database
LicenseAGPL
Websitewww.aerospike.com

Aerospike Database is a real-time, high performance NoSQL database. Designed for applications that cannot experience any downtime and require high read & write throughput. Aerospike is optimized to run on NVMe SSDs capable of efficiently storing large datasets (Gigabytes to Petabytes). Aerospike can also be deployed as a fully in-memory cache database. Aerospike offers Key-Value, JSON Document, and Graph data models. Aerospike is open source distributed NoSQL database management system, marketed by the company also named Aerospike.[1]

History

Aerospike was first known as Citrusleaf. In August 2012, the company - which had been providing its database since 2010 - rebranded both the company and software name to Aerospike.[2] The name "Aerospike" is derived from the aerospike engine, a type of rocket nozzle that is able to maintain its output efficiency over a large range of altitudes, and is intended to refer to the software's ability to scale up.[3] In 2012, Aerospike acquired AlchemyDB, and integrated the two databases' functions, including the addition of a relational data management system.[4] On June 24, 2014, Aerospike was opensourced under the AGPL 3.0 license for the Aerospike database server and the Apache License Version 2.0 for its Aerospike client software development kit.[5][6][7]

Release history

Version First Release Version First Release Date Latest Version Release date Features Ref
Old version, no longer maintained: 3.1 3.1.3 January 2, 2014 3.1.14 February 25, 2014

[8]

Old version, no longer maintained: 3.2 3.2.0 March 19, 2014 3.2.9 May 12, 2014

[8]

Old version, no longer maintained: 3.3 3.3.5 June 9, 2014 3.3.26 December 3, 2014

[8]

Old version, no longer maintained: 3.4 3.4.0 December 8, 2014 3.4.1 January 12, 2015

[8]

Old version, no longer maintained: 3.5 3.5.2 February 13, 2015 3.5.15 July 15, 2015

[8]

Old version, no longer maintained: 3.6 3.6.0 August 31, 2015 3.6.4 November 10, 2015

[8]

Old version, no longer maintained: 3.7 3.7.0 December 10, 2015 3.7.5.1 March 31, 2016

[9] [8]

Old version, no longer maintained: 3.8 3.8.1 April 15, 2016 3.8.4 June 17, 2016
  • Secondary Index on List, Map & Geospatial

[10] [8]

Old version, no longer maintained: 3.9 3.9.0 July 11, 2016 3.9.1.1 September 2, 2016
  • Rapid Rebalance

[11] [8]

Old version, no longer maintained: 3.10 3.10.0.3 October 21, 2016 3.10.1.5 January 13, 2017
  • Durable Delete
  • Support IPv6

[12] [8]

Old version, no longer maintained: 3.11 3.11.0 January 5, 2017 3.11.1.1 February 15, 2017

[13] [8]

Old version, no longer maintained: 3.12 3.12.0 March 15, 2017 3.12.1.3 July 31, 2017
  • Predicate Filters

[14] [8]

Old version, no longer maintained: 3.13 3.13.0.1 May 30, 2017 3.13.0.11 April 26, 2018
  • Clustering Layer refactoring
  • Required "Jump" Release before 3.14

[15] [8]

Old version, no longer maintained: 3.14 3.14.0 June 6, 2017 3.14.1.10 April 26, 2018
  • Clustering Layer refactoring pt. 2

[15] [8]

Old version, no longer maintained: 3.15 3.15.0.1 October 3, 2017 3.15.1.4 January 3, 2018

[8]

Old version, no longer maintained: 3.16 3.16.0.1 February 21, 2018 3.16.0.6 March 2, 2018

[8]

Old version, no longer maintained: 4.0 4.0.0.1 March 7, 2018 4.0.0.6 September 6, 2018

[16] [17]

Old version, no longer maintained: 4.1 4.1.0.1 May 10, 2018 4.1.0.6 September 6, 2018

[18] [17]

Old version, no longer maintained: 4.2 4.2.0.2 May 31, 2018 4.2.0.10 August 10, 2018
  • Increase maximum object size to 8MB

[19] [17]

Old version, no longer maintained: 4.3 4.3.0.2 August 1, 2018 4.3.1.14 April 26, 2019
  • All Flash Namespaces

[20] [17]

Old version, no longer maintained: 4.4 4.4.0.4 November 19, 2018 4.4.0.15 April 26, 2019
  • Change notification Framework - connectors for Apache Kafka and JMS
  • Rack aware reads

[21] [17]

Old version, no longer maintained: 4.5 4.5.0.1 December 12, 2018 4.5.3.22 July 7, 2020

[22] [17]

Old version, no longer maintained: 4.6 4.6.0.2 August 9, 2019 4.6.0.21 September 18, 2020
  • Added bitwise BLOB operations
  • Nested Collection Data Type API support

[17]

Old version, no longer maintained: 4.7 4.7.0.2 September 30, 2019 4.7.0.26 November 25, 2020
  • ADQ Support

[23] [17]

Old version, no longer maintained: 4.8 4.8.0.1 December 12, 2019 4.8.0.31 March 29, 2021
  • Support for client/server compression
  • Support for Intel Persistent Memory for storing data

[24] [17]

Older version, yet still maintained: 4.9 4.9.0.3 April 8, 2020 4.9.0.36 October 25, 2021
  • Added support for HyperLogLog (HLL) data types
  • Improve Scans for non key value access
  • Modify Eviction/Expiration (TTL) Default behavior
  • Required "Jump" Release before 5.0 (LTS)

[25] [17]

Old version, no longer maintained: 5.0 5.0.0.3 May 14, 2020 5.0.0.38 July 19, 2021
  • Refactor cross datacenter replication (XDR)
  • Strong consistency multi site clustering

[26] [17]

Old version, no longer maintained: 5.1 5.1.0.3 July 31, 2020 5.1.0.42 September 20, 2021

[27] [17]

Old version, no longer maintained: 5.2 5.2.02 October 1, 2020 5.2.0.37 October 30, 2021
  • Redesigned predicate expressions

[28] [17]

Older version, yet still maintained: 5.3 5.3.0.2 December 10, 2020 5.3.0.27 October 30, 2021
  • Added expression filtering for XDR
  • Expanded Multi-Site Clustering

[29] [17]

Older version, yet still maintained: 5.4 5.4.0.1 January 13, 2021 5.4.0.22 October 30, 2021
  • Added bin level convergence for active-active XDR scenarios

[30] [17]

Older version, yet still maintained: 5.5 5.5.0.2 February 5, 2021 5.5.0.20 October 30, 2021

[17]

Older version, yet still maintained: 5.6 5.6.0.3 May 10, 2021 5.6.0.14 October 30, 2021
  • Aerospike Expressions
  • Set Indexes
  • Per-user quotas
  • Boolean datatype

[31] [17]

Older version, yet still maintained: 5.7 5.7.0.7 September 27, 2021 5.7.0.9 December 10, 2021
  • Improved memory footprint and garbage collection for secondary indices
  • Support for PKI authentication

[32] [17]

Current stable version: 6.0 6.0.0.0 April 27, 2022 6.0.0.0 April 27, 2022
  • Storing, Indexing and Querying JSON Documents
  • Partitioned Secondary Index Queries

[33] [17]

Legend:
Old version
Older version, still maintained
Latest version
Latest preview version
Future release

Features

Aerospike Database is modeled under the shared-nothing architecture and written in C. It operates in three layers: a data storage layer, a self-managed distribution layer, and a cluster-aware client layer.[34]

Aerospike uses hybrid memory architecture: the database indices are stored fully in main random-access memory, while the data is stored on a persistent device using the data layer. The data layer stores the data in solid-state drive, NVMe or Persistent memory.[35] Reading the data is done using a direct access to the record position on disk using a direct pointer from the primary index, and data writes are optimized through large block writes to reduce latency.[34] This architecture to fetch all records from the persistent device and void the use of data cache. Aerospike also provides the ability to store the data fully in RAM, thus acting as an in-memory database. In that case, data would be persisted to either SSD, NVMe, PMEM or traditional rotational media.[2]

Aerospike provides single-record ACID transactions.[36] The distribution layer is responsible to replicate the data across nodes to ensure the durability and immediate consistency properties of the transaction. This allows the database to remain operational even when an individual server node fails or is manually removed from the cluster.[34] Since version 4.0 (2018), Aerospike Database can be configured both as Available and Partition-tolerant (AP) or Consistent and Partition-tolerant (CP) under the CAP theorem.[37][38]

The client cluster-aware layer is used to track the cluster configuration in the database, and manages client direct communications to all the nodes in the cluster.[34] The clustering is done using heartbeats and Paxos based gossip protocol algorithm.[39]

The software employs two sub-programs that are codenamed Defragmenter and Evictor.[34][40] Defragmenter removes data blocks that have been deleted, and Evictor frees RAM space by removing references to expired records.[34][41]

References

  1. ^ Yuhanna, Noel (15 October 2014). "NoSQL Key-Value Databases, Q3 2014". Forrester Research. Retrieved 29 November 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Aerospike, the former Citrusleaf". DBMS2. August 27, 2012. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
  3. ^ "Definition of Aerospike engine". Wordiq. Archived from the original on 24 December 2004. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
  4. ^ Klint Finley (August 28, 2012). "Grim And Gritty Startup Reboot: NoSQL Company Citrusleaf Changes Name And Acquires AlchemyDB". TechCrunch. Retrieved November 25, 2014.
  5. ^ Jack Clark (June 24, 2014). "Aerospike: Thanks for that $20m, VCs ... next we'll OPEN SOURCE our NoSQL database". The Register. Retrieved November 25, 2014.
  6. ^ Rachel Schramm (24 June 2014). "Aerospike open sources NoSQL database in bid to expand customer ranks". Silicon Angle. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  7. ^ Abel Avram (24 June 2014). "Aerospike Open Sources Their In-memory NoSQL Database". InfoQ. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Aerospike Release Notes Pre 4.0". Archived from the original on 11 September 2018. Retrieved 17 Feb 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  9. ^ "Aerospike 3.7.0 Release". Aerospike. 14 December 2015. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  10. ^ "Aerospike 3.8 Release". Aerospike. 16 April 2016. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  11. ^ "Aerospike 3.9 Release". Aerospike. 12 July 2016. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  12. ^ "What's New in Aerospike 3.10?". Aerospike. 25 October 2016. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  13. ^ "What's New in Aerospike 3.11?". Aerospike. 31 January 2017. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  14. ^ "What's New in Aerospike 3.12?". Aerospike. 4 April 2017. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  15. ^ a b "What's New in Aerospike 3.13 and 3.14?". Aerospike. 20 June 2017. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  16. ^ "Aerospike 4.0, Strong Consistency, and Jepsen". Aerospike. 7 March 2018. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Aerospike Release Notes". Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  18. ^ "Aerospike 4.1". Aerospike. 11 May 2018. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  19. ^ "Aerospike 4.2: Storage Efficiency and Speed Improvements". Aerospike. 5 June 2018. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  20. ^ "Aerospike 4.3: All Flash & Uniform Balance". Aerospike. August 1, 2018. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  21. ^ "Aerospike 4.4: Change Notification and Operational Improvements". Aerospike. 19 November 2018. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  22. ^ "Aerospike 4.5: Persistent Memory and Compression". Aerospike. 13 December 2018. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  23. ^ "Announcing Aerospike 4.7 – the First Commercial Database to Support the Intel® Ethernet 800 Series with ADQ". Aerospike. 24 September 2019. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  24. ^ "Aerospike 4.8: Enhanced Persistent Memory Support and Compression". Aerospike. 10 December 2019. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  25. ^ "Aerospike 4.9: New Functionality for Developers". Aerospike. 17 April 2020. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  26. ^ "Aerospike Database 5: Multi-site Clustering and Cross Datacenter Replication". Aerospike. 12 May 2020. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  27. ^ "Aerospike Database 5.1: Security Enhancements including HashiCorp Vault Integration". Aerospike. 30 July 2020. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  28. ^ "Aerospike Database 5.2: XDR Enhancements & Predicate Filters". Aerospike. 30 September 2020. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  29. ^ "Aerospike Database 5.3: XDR Filtering with Expressions & Expanded Multi-Site Clustering". Aerospike. 18 November 2020. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  30. ^ "Aerospike Database 5.4: Usability Improvements & Human-Readable XDR Filter Expressions". Aerospike. 13 January 2021. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  31. ^ "Aerospike Database 5.6: Developer Cornucopia". Aerospike. 12 May 2021. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  32. ^ "Aerospike Database 5.7.0.7". Aerospike. 11 November 2021. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  33. ^ "Aerospike Database 6". Aerospike. 27 April 2022. Retrieved 11 April 2022.
  34. ^ a b c d e f "Aerospike: Architecture of a Real-Time Operational DBMS" (PDF). Retrieved 16 Feb 2021.
  35. ^ "Enhanced Persistent Memory Support and Compression". December 19, 2019. Retrieved 2021-02-16.
  36. ^ "CAP and ACID | Aerospike". www.aerospike.com. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  37. ^ Kingsbury, Kyle (2018-03-07). "Jepsen: Aerospike 3.99.0.3". jepsen.io. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  38. ^ "Strong Consistency mode | Aerospike". www.aerospike.com. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  39. ^ "Clustering | High-speed Distributed Cluster Formation". www.aerospike.com. Retrieved 2021-02-16.
  40. ^ "CTO Panel on Super Storm Sandy and 100% Uptime". December 14, 2012. Archived from the original on 3 March 2013. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
  41. ^ "Documentation | Aerospike". www.aerospike.com. Retrieved 2020-07-28.