Agam Regency
Kabupaten Agam
Coat of arms of Agam Regency
Motto(s): 
Tali Tigo Sapilin
Location within West Sumatra
Location within West Sumatra
Agam Regency is located in Sumatra
Agam Regency
Agam Regency
Location in Sumatra and Indonesia
Agam Regency is located in Indonesia
Agam Regency
Agam Regency
Agam Regency (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 0°16′00″S 100°00′00″E / 0.266667°S 100°E / -0.266667; 100
CountryIndonesia
ProvinceWest Sumatra
Regency seatLubuk Basung
Government
 • RegentIndra Catri
 • Vice RegentTrianda Farhan Satria
Area
 • Total2,264.89 km2 (874.48 sq mi)
Highest elevation
2,891 m (9,485 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2020 census)[1]
 • Total529,138
 • Density230/km2 (610/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (IWST)
Area code(+62) 752
Websiteagamkab.go.id

Agam Regency (Indonesian: Kabupaten Agam) is a regency of West Sumatra, Indonesia. It has an area of 2,264.89 km2[2] and had a population of 454,853 at the 2010 census[3] and 529,138 at the 2020 census.[1] The regency seat is the town of Lubuk Basung. Bukittinggi city is surrounded by this regency but is not administratively included in it.

Lake Maninjau, a crater lake, is a well-known landmark of the regency, and is used as a site for paragliding. This lake is also a primary tourist destination in West Sumatra.

History

Bridegroom from Soengai Poear in a photo by Christiaan Benjamin Nieuwenhuis
Bridegroom from Soengai Poear in a photo by Christiaan Benjamin Nieuwenhuis

This regency was founded to include a collection of several villages that existed in the region of Luhak Agam, during the rule of the Dutch East Indies. Bukittinggi was named as the regency capital at that time. After Bukittinggi was created as an independent city outside of the regency, based on Government Regulation No. 8 of 1998, on 7 January 1998, the Agam Regency's capital was officially moved to Lubuk Basung.

Geography

Astronomically this regency located between 00°01’ 34” – 00°28’ 43” S dan 99°46’ 39” – 100°32’ 50” E.[2] Located in the mountainous region which is formed from 2 lanes Basin, Batang Agam in the north and Batang Sri Antokan in the south.

West area is flat to gently sloping (0-8%), reaching 71,956 ha, while the central and eastern regions which are wavy and hilly to very steep slopes (> 45%) with a total area of 129,352 ha.[2] Regions with a very steep slope (> 45%) are at the Bukit Barisan range with the summit of Mount Merapi with a height of 2,891 meters, and Mount Singgalang with a height of 2,877 meters, in the south and southeast of Agam.

Also, in this region there is Lake Maninjau, a crater lake which has an area of 9,950 ha.

There is Sianok Canyon, a steep valley (ravine) located in the border of Bukittinggi and IV Koto subdistrict. The valley is long and winding as the southern border town of Koto Gadang canyon to the village Sianok Anam Tribe, and ended in the subdistrict Palupuh. The scenery of Sianok canyon also became one of the mainstays of the provincial tourist attraction.[citation needed]

The regency shares land borders with Pasaman and West Pasaman to the north, Padang Pariaman and Tanah Datar to the south, Lima Puluh Kota to the east. It has a sea border with Indian Ocean to the west.[2]

Climate

Temperature consists of two kinds, low-lying areas with a minimum temperature of 25 °C and 33 °C maximum (in Lubuk Basung), whereas in the high areas of minimum 20 °C and maximum 29 °C (in Tilatang Kamang). Average humidity is 88%, wind speed between 4–20 km/hour and the average sun shines 58%.[2]

Administrative districts

Agam Regency is divided into sixteen districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 census [3] and the 2020 census.[1] The table also includes the location of the district administrative centres, the number of administrative villages (rural desa and urban kelurahan) in each district, and its post code.

Name Area
in km2
Pop'n
census
2010[3]
Pop'n
census
2020[1]
Admin
centre
No.
of
vill.
Post
code
Tanjung Mutiara (a) 205.73 28,239 33,050 Tiku 3 26473
Lubuk Basung 278.40 68,045 81,351 Manggopoh 5 26451
Ampek Nagari 268.69 22,543 30,498 Bawan 4 26161
Tanjung Raya 244.03 32,879 37,368 Maninjau 9 26471
Matur 93.69 17,058 19,116 Matur 6 26162
IV Koto 68.72 23,087 25,938 Balingka 7 26160
Malalak 104.49 9,265 10,644 Malalak 4 26163
Banuhampu 28.48 36,113 41,211 Sungai Buluh 7 26181
Sungai Pua 37.83 23,006 26,606 Limo Suku 5 26182
Ampek Angkek 30.66 43,110 46,396 Biaro 7 26190
Canduang 52.29 21,966 25,542 Lasi 3 26191
Baso 70.30 33,010 36,721 Baso 6 26192
Tilatang Kamang 95.86 34,151 40,901 Pakan Kamis 3 26153
Kamang Magek 99.61 20,055 22,649 Magek 3 26152
Palembayan 349.77 29,227 36,051 Palembayan 6 26164
Palupuh 236.34 13,095 15,096 Palupuh 4 26151
Totals 2,264.89 454,853 529,138 Lubuk Basung 82

Note: (a) includes 2 offshore islands.

Each district is sub-divided into several administrative villages. There are 82 villages (nagari in Minangkabau term).

Demography

The Agam Regency is populated mainly by the Minangkabau people, while other ethnic groups include Javanese and Batak.

Economy

Economic growth is dominated by agricultural sector, accounted for 40.40% of GDP, followed by trade, hotels and restaurants by 15.30%, service sector 13.25%, and manufacturing industry 11.71%.[4] Income per capita in 2008 is about Rp 12,000,000 or US$1,333.[5]

Tourism

Bingkudu Mosque with traditional Minangkabau architectural style.
Bingkudu Mosque with traditional Minangkabau architectural style.

The development of tourism in Agam regency are generally divided into three regions:[6]

1. West Region, focus on sea and coastal tourism, such as: fishery, recreational beaches and islands, diving/snorkeling, marine resources and marine culture, culinary tourism

2. Central Region, Lake Maninjau is dominant tourist destination in this region. Attraction is paragliding, off-road, racing river craft and others. There is nature tourism, in lake and mountain. Also cultural and history tourism such as Buya Hamka birth house.

3. Eastern region, focus on agrotourism such as fruits and cocoa plantation.

References

  1. ^ a b c d Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Hacked by Haikal".
  3. ^ a b c Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  4. ^ "Hacked by Haikal".
  5. ^ "Hacked by Haikal".
  6. ^ "Hacked by Haikal".

Coordinates: 0°16′00″S 100°00′00″E / 0.266667°S 100°E / -0.266667; 100