|Teodoro F. Valencia Circle (official)|
|Rizal Park, Ermita, Manila, Philippines|
|General Luna Street|
Minor roads inside Rizal Park
|Maintained by||Department of Public Works and Highways - South Manila District Engineering Office|
The Agrifina Circle, officially the Teodoro F. Valencia Circle, is a traffic circle within the eastern portion of Rizal Park in Manila, the Philippines.
The name "Agrifina" is a portmanteau of the words "Agriculture" and "Finance" since two neoclassical buildings located on opposite ends of the circle formerly housed the Departments of Agriculture and Finance. The former building of the Department of Finance formerly housed the Department of Tourism until 2015, when the building was vacated to make way for the new National Museum of Natural History.
The circle was officially renamed to Teodoro F. Valencia Circle on January 5, 1990, through Republic Act No. 6836, after the longtime head of the park who initiated and maintained the park's beautification.
The Agrifina Circle was intended to be a grand civic plaza surrounded by the planned Capitol Building and five wedge-shaped buildings, which included the Finance and Agriculture Buildings, according to the Burnham Plan of Manila by American architect Daniel Burnham.
After World War II, when it was decided that the capital of the Philippines was to be moved to Quezon City, the then-plaza was converted into a roundabout. Vehicular traffic was allowed on the road until the late 1960s, when Rizal Park was consolidated and most roads going through the park were pedestrianized. A globe fountain and skating rink were installed on the central island.
There were plans to construct Luneta Tower, a 390-meter (1,280 ft) observation tower, at the Agrifina Circle for the Centennial Celebration of Philippine Independence in 1998. The decision to build the tower at the site, however, was controversial, and the plan was eventually shelved.
In 1998, the Binhi ng Kalayaan Monument replaced the fountain, but the skating rink remained. The monument was later moved to a barren area of Rizal Park in 2004 and was replaced by the Sentinel of Freedom, a monument dedicated to Lapulapu.
Relief map of the Philippines
|Road||Agrifina Circle||General Luna Street|
National Museum of Anthropology
Sentinel of Freedom
National Museum of Natural History
|Maria Y. Orosa Street|
|Rest of Rizal Park|
|Note: (*) Footpath|