R-2

Aguinaldo Highway
Cavite–Batangas Road
Cavite-Manila South Road
Aguinaldo Highway highlighted in red
Aguinaldo Highway - Tagaytay area (Tagaytay, Cavite; 2017-03-16).jpg
Aguinaldo Highway looking south towards Tagaytay Rotonda in Tagaytay
Route information
Maintained by the Department of Public Works and Highways
Length41.4 km (25.7 mi)
Component
highways
  • R-2 R-2
  • N62 in Bacoor
  • N419 from Bacoor to Dasmariñas
  • N410 in Silang and Tagaytay
Major junctions
North endZapote Bridge at Las PiñasBacoor boundary
Major intersections
South end N410 (Tagaytay–Nasugbu Highway) / N421 (Tagaytay–Calamba Road) / Tagaytay–Talisay Road in Tagaytay
Location
CountryPhilippines
ProvincesCavite
Major citiesBacoor, Imus, Dasmariñas, Tagaytay
TownsSilang
Highway system
  • Roads in the Philippines

The Emilio Aguinaldo Highway,[1] (often shortened as Aguinaldo Highway), alternatively known as Cavite–Batangas Road and Cavite-Manila South Road, is a four-to-six lane, 41.4-kilometer (25.7 mi), network of primary and secondary highways passing through the busiest towns and cities of Cavite, Philippines.[2][3][4][5] It is the busiest and most congested of the three major highways located in the province, the others are Governor's Drive and Antero Soriano Highway.

The highway is named in the honor of General Emilio Aguinaldo, the country's first president and a native of Cavite.

The northern terminus of the highway is located at the Zapote Bridge at the province's boundary with Las Piñas in Metro Manila. It then traverses Bacoor, Imus, Dasmariñas, Silang, and ends at Tagaytay in Cavite. The highway forms part of National Routes 62, 419, and 410 of the Philippine highway network. The highway has several official names, like Manila–Cavite South Road, Cavite–Batangas Road, and Tagaytay-Manila via Silang Road. The west alignment of the poblacion area of Silang, is unnumbered as a newer bypass named Silang Bypass Road (or Silang Diversion Road) and is designated as a tertiary road. The section that connects with Manila–Cavite Expressway (then Coastal Road), called the Aguinaldo Boulevard, is also designated as National Route 62 (N62) of the Philippine highway network.

Route description

Aguinaldo Highway looking south towards Nueno Avenue in Imus.

Aguinaldo Highway passes through many establishments such as malls, shops, and government offices. Various high voltage power lines, most notably the Dasmariñas-Las Piñas transmission line of National Grid Corporation of the Philippines (NGCP), utilize the highway right of way from its intersection with Aguinaldo Boulevard and Bacoor Boulevard to Barangay San Agustin II, Dasmariñas for accessibility to work vehicles and also due to scarcity of land for the acquisition of right of way and lands where the steel poles stand.

Originally with four lanes, it starts as a continuation of Diego Cera Avenue at Zapote Bridge. It crosses and becomes a six-lane road past Bacoor Boulevard which leads to Molino, Bacoor, and Aguinaldo Boulevard, which connects with Manila–Cavite Expressway. It then intersects with Tirona Highway that leads to Kawit and Cavite City. It then passes Imus and enters Dasmariñas, where it reduces to a four-lane road and becoming a divided highway in most portions. Afterwards, it then intersects with Governor's Drive and Pala-Pala Road in Dasmariñas.

Past Pala-Pala Road, it begins its climb to Tagaytay, passing Silang and ends at Tagaytay Rotonda. The highway continues as Tagaytay–Nasugbu Highway as it passes the rest of Tagaytay and Alfonso in Cavite before entering the province of Batangas.

History

The present road originated from an old road that enters Cavite from Las Piñas. The old roads that predated the Aguinaldo Highway used a different alignment on Bacoor and Imus, that exist until today as a mixture of city-maintained roads and national roads. Portions of the road have been sites of battles of the Philippine Revolution.

During the American colonial era, the road reached as far as Silang. From 1933 to 1935, the section of the highway from Silang to Tagaytay was constructed using prisoners as construction workers. In 1938, the highway was made into concrete by President Manuel L. Quezon.[6] The old roads that passed on the western barangays of Bacoor and Imus are bypassed by a new alignment that existed until today. The road formed part of Highway 17 that linked Imus with Batangas.[7][8][9] It was also part of the Cavite-Manila South Road, which was renamed to Mexico Road in 1964, the year designated as "The Year of Philippine-Mexican Friendship."[10][11]

On May 27, 1998, the traffic jam happened in southern side of the highway. It was caused by National Power Corporation (NAPOCOR/NPC) transmission line construction of the billion peso Dasmariñas–Las Piñas Transmission Line, with the line finished construction on July 15, 1999.

Intersections

Aguinaldo Highway, alternately and unofficially Aguinaldo Boulevard, in Dasmariñas

The entire route is located in Cavite. Intersections are numbered by kilometer posts, with Rizal Park in Manila designated as kilometer zero

City/Municipalitykm[12]miDestinationsNotes
Las PiñasBacoor boundary14.8469.225Zapote Bridge over Zapote River
Las Piñas-Muntinlupa District Engineering Office–Cavite Sub District Engineering Office highway boundary
Bacoor N62 (Aguinaldo Boulevard) / Molino Boulevard – Paliparan, DasmariñasTraffic light intersection
17.45610.847 N62 (Tirona Highway) – KawitTraffic light intersection. Route number change from N62 to N419.
BacoorImus boundary18.94311.771Cavite Sub District Engineering Office–Cavite 1st District Engineering Office highway boundary
ImusNOMO Avenue (Imus-Bacoor Diversion Road)
Buhay na Tubig RoadTraffic light intersection
Palico Daanan Road
20.05012.458Imus Bridge over Imus River
Nueno AvenueTraffic light intersection
Patindig Araw Road
NIA Road
Daang Hari / Open Canal RoadAt-grade interchange; traffic light intersection
ImusDasmariñas boundary26.99816.776Cavite 1st District Engineering Office–Cavite Sub District Engineering Office highway boundary
DasmariñasJ.T. Paterno Boulevard – ImusSouthbound access only
Jose Abad Santos Avenue (Salitran Road)Traffic light intersection
Guevarra StreetTraffic light intersection
Camerino AvenueTraffic light intersection
Congressional AvenueTraffic light intersection. Serves De La Salle University - Dasmariñas Campus.
Central Market AvenueTraffic light intersection
Don Placido Campos AvenueUnsignalized intersection
Ramon Tirona Avenue
N65 (Juanito Remulla Avenue/ Governor's Drive) – Trece Martires, BiñanTraffic light intersection
N65 (Pala-Pala Road)Traffic light intersection
UTS BoulevardTraffic light intersection
DasmariñasSilang boundary38.98524.224Route number change from N419 to N410
Silang E3 (CALAX)Silang (Aguinaldo) Exit of CALAX
N410 (J.P. Rizal Street)Change from N410 to unnumbered route
Silang–Banaybanay RoadTraffic light intersection
N410 (J.P. Rizal Street)Changed from unnumbered route to N410
East–West Lateral Road
Buho–Amadeo Road
SilangTagaytay boundary53.76333.407Cavite Sub District Engineering Office–Cavite 2nd District Engineering Office highway boundary
TagaytayTagaytay Bypass Road
56.89435.352 N410 (Tagaytay–Nasugbu Highway) / N421 (Tagaytay–Calamba Road) / Tagaytay–Talisay RoadRoundabout. Southern Terminus.
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References

  1. ^ "Emilio Aguinaldo Highway". bacoor.gov.ph. Retrieved August 21, 2018.
  2. ^ "Las Piñas-Munti". www.dpwh.gov.ph. Archived from the original on January 9, 2018. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
  3. ^ "Cavite Sub". www.dpwh.gov.ph. Archived from the original on January 9, 2018. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
  4. ^ "Cavite 2nd". www.dpwh.gov.ph. Archived from the original on January 8, 2018. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
  5. ^ "Cavite". www.dpwh.gov.ph. Archived from the original on January 9, 2018. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
  6. ^ "History". Silang, Cavite. Retrieved May 4, 2021.
  7. ^ Southern Luzon Western Sheet (Map). 1:200000. Washington D.C.: US Geodetic Survey. 1941.
  8. ^ 1944 Army Map Service Road Map of Northern Luzon, Philippines (Map) (1-AMS ed.). 1:1000000. Washington D.C.: Army Map Service, Corps of Engineers. 1944. Retrieved September 5, 2021.
  9. ^ ND 51-5 Manila (Map). 1:250,000. Washington D.C.: Army Map Service, Corps of Engineers. 1954. Retrieved November 20, 2021.
  10. ^ Presidential Decree No. 320 (1964), Naming the Cavite-Manila South Road as Mexico Road, retrieved May 11, 2021
  11. ^ "Rebirth of Taft Avenue". Manila Bulletin. January 26, 2013. Archived from the original on May 25, 2022. Retrieved May 4, 2021 – via Yahoo! News.
  12. ^ "Road and Bridge Inventory". www.dpwh.gov.ph. Retrieved January 20, 2018.

14°17′4″N 120°57′35″E / 14.28444°N 120.95972°E / 14.28444; 120.95972