|Country||People's Republic of China|
|District seat||Huayuan Subdistrict (花园街道)|
|• Total||1,443 km2 (557 sq mi)|
|Elevation||134 m (440 ft)|
|• Density||140/km2 (350/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
Aihui District (simplified Chinese: 爱辉区; traditional Chinese: 愛輝區; pinyin: Àihuī Qū), formerly known as Aihui (simplified Chinese: 瑷珲; traditional Chinese: 璦琿; pinyin: Àihuī), Aihun (simplified Chinese: 艾浑; traditional Chinese: 艾渾; pinyin: Àihún), Aihu (simplified Chinese: 艾浒; traditional Chinese: 艾滸; pinyin: Àihǔ), and Aihu (simplified Chinese: 爱呼; traditional Chinese: 愛呼; pinyin: Àihū), is an administrative district and the seat of the prefecture-level city of Heihe, Heilongjiang Province, China. It is located on the right (south-western) bank of the Amur River, across which is Blagoveshchensk, Amur Oblast, Russia. Aihui District spans an area of 1,443 km2 (557 sq mi), and had a population of 192,764 as of 2000.
Aihui has undergone a number of name changes throughout its history. Most recently, in 1956, the area's Chinese characters were changed from Aihui (simplified Chinese: 瑷珲; traditional Chinese: 璦琿; pinyin: Àihuī) to the present Aihui (simplified Chinese: 爱辉; traditional Chinese: 愛輝; pinyin: Àihuī), due to the uncommon nature of the former name's characters.
Main article: Aigun
The area of present-day Aihui has been occupied on-and-off by various Chinese dynasties dating back to the Tang dynasty.
To fend off military Russian military forces invading the area, Qing dynasty forces were stationed in present-day Aihui in 1683.
In 1685, the city of Aihui (simplified Chinese: 瑷珲; traditional Chinese: 璦琿; pinyin: Àihuī) was built on orders from the Yamen of Heilongjiang. In the subsequent two centuries since its founding, Aihui served as one of the most important towns of Northern Manchuria.
Following the Boxer Rebellion the city was briefly occupied by Russia, until 1906, when it was returned to the Qing dynasty.
In 1913, Aihui incorporated as Aihui County (simplified Chinese: 瑷珲县; traditional Chinese: 璦琿縣; pinyin: Àihuī Xiàn).
From December 1934 to 1945, the city was ruled by the Japanese puppet-state of Manchukuo.
On December 11, 1956, was renamed Aihui County (simplified Chinese: 爱辉县; traditional Chinese: 愛輝縣, pronunciation unchanged). On November 15, 1980, Heihe City was created, and on June 6, 1983, Aihui County was abolished, being merged into the Heihe City.
To further complicate the situation, in 1993 the former Heihe City (a county-level administrative unit) was reorganized into Aihui District (also a county-level unit), while the former Heihe Prefecture (黑河地区) became Heihe Prefecture-level City (which consists of Aihui District and a number of counties). This administrative division has been in effect ever since.
The Fabiela Riverand the Gongbiela River both run through the district. Much of the district is forested, particularly in the west. The primary trees of Aihui District are larch, red pine, poplar, and birch.
The district shares a 184.3 kilometres (114.5 mi) border with Russia, and faces the Russian city of Blagoveshchensk.
Aihui is divided into 4 subdistricts, 3 towns, 5 townships, 3 ethnic townships, and 23 other township-level divisions.
The district's four subdistricts are Huayuan Subdistrict, Xing'an Subdistrict , Hailan Subdistrict , and Xixing Subdistrict .
The district's three towns are Xigangzi, Aigun, and Handaqi .
The district's five townships are Xingfu Township, Shangmachang Township , Zhangdiyingzi Township , Xifengshan Township , and Erzhan Township .
The district's three ethnic townships are Sijiazi Manchu Ethnic Township, Kunhe Daur and Manchu Ethnic Township , and Xinsheng Oroqen Ethnic Township .
The district also has 23 other township-level divisions, which include mines, farms, forestry areas, and other similar operations which have township-level status.
About 18,500 persons (9.4% of the entire population) belong to ethnic minorites. Aihui is home to 26 different ethnic groups, including Han Chinese, Manchu, Hui, Daur, Oroqen, Korean, and Mongol populations.
As of the 1990s, the village of Dawujia (Chinese: 大五家子屯), located in the district, remained one of the few pockets where the Manchu language was commonly spoken.
The district is home to proven reserves of 69 different types of minerals. Provel coal reserves total 1.1 billion tons, proven gold reserves are 80 tons, proven silicon reserves are 1 million tons, and proven limestone reserves total 12 million tons. There are also sizable reserves of marble, basalt, perlite, and quartz sand.
National Highway 202 runs through the district, as does the Bei'an-Heihe railway.