Congolese Air Force
Force AĆ©rienne Congolaise
Founded29 July 1959; 61 years ago (1959-07-29)
Country Republic of the Congo
TypeAir force
RoleAerial warfare
Part ofCongolese Armed Forces
Insignia
Roundel
Aircraft flown
FighterMirage F1
HelicopterMil Mi-35, Mil Mi-17
TransportAn-32, CN235

The Congolese Air Force (French: Force AĆ©rienne Congolaise) is the air branch of the Armed Forces of the Republic of the Congo, in the Republic of the Congo (Congo-Brazzaville).

Former Cold War air force

After achieving independence from France in 1960, the Congolese air force (Force Aerienne Congolaise) was started with equipment such as the Douglas C-47s, Broussards and Bell 47Gs, these were followed by Nord Noratlas tactical transports and Sud Alouette helicopter. In the 1970s the air force switched to Soviet equipment. This included five Ilyushin IL-14 and six turboprop Antonov An-24 transports and an An-26 in return for providing bases for Cuban MiG-17 operations over Angola. These fighters and a few MiG-15UTI combat trainers were transferred to the FAC. In 1990 these fighter were replaced by 16 USSR supplied MiG-21MF/bis Fishbeds plus a couple of MiG-21US trainers. Together with a Soviet training mission which stayed until late 1991, during that time there were numerous accidents that involved both Soviet and Congolese personnel. After the Soviets left there was only limited funding for MiG operations and they were withdrawn. Six Mi-8 helicopters were delivered from Ukraine in mid-1997 before the Cobra rebel takeover.

Former personnel and budget

A small, but adequate budget and personnel. Financial aid also came from the former USSR and some personnel were either Soviets or Cubans.

Political and combat role

Its role was as a Communist bastion in central Africa and to counter the politically unstable,[1] pro-Western regime in Zaire[1] (the then former name of the DRC). Its role is now one of countering cross-border smuggling operations, intermittent counterinsurgency actions in the northern provinces and successfully containing the crisis in the DRC along its border. Its first batch of aircraft, the MiG-15s and some of the MiG-17s, arrived in the early 1960s just after the Congo's independence from France and Zaire's independence from Belgium.

It was organised into fighter, counterinsurgency, transport and support wings.

Arms suppliers and personnel training

France, China and the Soviet Union supplied arms and aircraft. The Soviets and Cubans trained the air force as a whole, but France also trained some of its officers.

Aircraft

Current inventory

A Congolese Mi-24 in Brazzaville, 2005.
A Congolese Mi-24 in Brazzaville, 2005.
Aircraft Origin Type Variant In service Notes
Combat Aircraft
Mirage F1 France fighter 2[2]
Transport
CASA C-295 Spain utility / transport 1[2]
Antonov An-32 Ukraine transport 2[2]
Helicopters
Mil Mi-8 Russia utility / transport Mi-8/17 6[2]
Mil Mi-24 Russia attack Mi-35 1[2]

Retired aircraft

Previous aircraft operated by the Air Force consisted of the MiG-21, MiG-17F, C-47 Dakota, SN.601 Corvette, N.2501F Noratlas, Ilyushin Il-14, Antonov An-24, Antonov An-26, Alouette II, Alouette III, AS365 Dauphin, and the MiG-15UTi.[3][4]

Arms suppliers and personnel training

Both France, China and the Ukraine supplied the arms and aircraft. France and China also trained the air-force as a whole, but France has also trained most of its air-force officers.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Heart of Darkness: the Tragedy of the Congo, 1960-67". Worldatwar.net. Retrieved 2015-08-17.
  2. ^ a b c d e "World Air Forces 2021". FlightGlobal. 4 December 2020. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  3. ^ "World Air Forces 1994 pg. 38". Flightglobal Insight. 1994. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  4. ^ "World Air Forces 2004 pg. 38". Flightglobal Insight. 1994. Retrieved 21 March 2015.

Sources

Further reading