Al-Qastal
القسطل
Village
Al-Qastal
Al-Qastal
Coordinates: 33°55′32″N 36°41′45″E / 33.92556°N 36.69583°E / 33.92556; 36.69583
Country Syria
GovernorateRif Dimashq
Districtan-Nabek
Subdistrictan-Nabek
Population
 (2004 census)[1]
 • Total3,486
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Al-Qastal (Arabic: القسطل) is a village in southern Syria, administratively part of the Rif Dimashq Governorate, located on the northeast of Damascus, on the ancient caravan route to Homs and Aleppo, in the Qalamoun Mountains. Nearby localities include Yabroud, an-Nabek, al-Sahel and Deir Atiyah to the north, ar-Ruhaybah, Jayroud, al-Dumayr and al-Qutayfah to the south, and Ma'loula, Assal al-Ward and Hosh Arab to the southwest. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics, al-Qastal had a population of 3,486 in the 2004 census.[1] Its inhabitants are predominantly Sunni Muslims.[2]

History

Al-Qastal was visited by Syrian geographer Yaqut al-Hamawi in the early 13th-century, during Ayyubid rule. He noted that it was "a place between Hims and Damascus where the caravans stop. It is said to be the name of the Kurah (or district)."[3]

References

  1. ^ a b General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Rif Dimashq Governorate. (in Arabic)
  2. ^ Smith, in Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, 2nd appendix, p. 173
  3. ^ Le Strange, 1890, p. 483

Bibliography

  • Le Strange, G. (1890). Palestine Under the Moslems: A Description of Syria and the Holy Land from A.D. 650 to 1500. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund. OCLC 1004386.
  • Robinson, E.; Smith, E. (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838. Vol. 3. Boston: Crocker & Brewster.