The Al-Ras drum is a large drum used in the battle dance Ayyala, a folk dance of Oman, Qatar and U.A.E.[1][2] The Al-ras leads the dance and sets the beat for the smaller Takhamir drums that follow. There are many different shapes and sizes of drums. The biggest is called R'as (head). The drum is made by Bull skins while the sides of drums are made through Jackfruit.[3]


  1. ^ "الموسيقى والرقص في قطر" [Music and Dance in Qatar] (in Arabic). 5 July 2023. Retrieved 23 January 2024.
  2. ^ "UNESCO - Al-Ayyala, a traditional performing art of the Sultanate of Oman and the United Arab Emirates". UNESCO. Retrieved 23 January 2024.
  3. ^ "The lone drum maker of Fujairah". Gulf News. 27 December 2007. Retrieved 23 January 2024.