Alexandria Governorate
Flag of Alexandria Governorate
Official logo of Alexandria Governorate
Alexandria Governorate on the map of Egypt
Alexandria Governorate on the map of Egypt
Country Egypt
SeatAlexandria (capital)
Government
 • GovernorMuhammad Al-Sharif [1]
Area
 • Total2,818 km2 (1,088 sq mi)
Population
 (January 2023)[2]
 • Total5,523,511
 • Density2,000/km2 (5,100/sq mi)
GDP
 • TotalEGP 566 billion
(US$ 36 billion)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3
HDI (2021)0.780[4]high · 3rd
Websitewww.alexandria.gov.eg

Alexandria Governorate (Arabic: محافظة الإسكندرية, Egyptian Arabic: محافظة اسكندريه) is one of the governorates of Egypt. The city of Alexandria was historically the capital of Egypt until the foundation of Fustat, which was later absorbed into Cairo. Today the Alexandria governorate is considered second in importance after the Cairo Governorate. It is located in the northern part of the country, directly on the Mediterranean Sea, making it one of the most important harbours in Egypt.

Along with Cairo, Port Said and Suez, Alexandria is one of four governorates in the country that are also municipalities.[citation needed] The governorate capital is the city of Alexandria, the second largest city in Egypt. Alexandria governorate lies along the Mediterranean coast and stretch for about 70 km northwest of the Nile Delta. The governorate is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea in the north, El Behera governorate in the south and the east and Matrouh governorate in the west. The total area size of Alexandria governorate is almost 2818 km2. It has the most important harbour in Egypt and it is the second largest urban governorate in the country with population more than four and half million (4,799,740 in March 2015) and population density of 1700 square kilometres according to the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS). Alexandria has a unique geographical location and a mild climate. It is also considered an industrial governorate where 40% of Egyptian industries are concentrated, especially chemicals, food, spinning and weaving as well as petrol industries and fertilizers.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
19862,917,327—    
19963,339,076+1.36%
20064,123,869+2.13%
20175,163,750+2.07%
20235,523,511+1.13%
source:[5][2]

Municipal divisions

The governorate is divided into municipal divisions with a total estimated population as of January 2023 of 5,523,511.[2]

Municipal Divisions
Anglicized name Native name Arabic transliteration Population
(January 2023 Est.)
Type
Port Alexandria Police Dept. اداره شرطه ميناء الأسكندريه Ādārh Shurṭah Mīnā' al-Iskandariyah Police-administrated Area
Dekhela قسم الدخيلة Ad-Dukhaylah 502,094 Kism (fully urban)
Amreya 1 قسم أول العامرية Al-'Āmriyah 1 504,562 Kism (fully urban)
Amreya 2 قسم ثان العامرية Al-'Āmriyah 2 295,528 Kism (fully urban)
Ataren قسم العطارين Al-'Aṭṭārīn 39,159 Kism (fully urban)
Gomrok قسم الجمرك Al-Jumruk 98,055 Kism (fully urban)
Labban قسم اللبان Al-Labān 43,578 Kism (fully urban)
Mansheya قسم المنشية Al-Manshiyah 24,903 Kism (fully urban)
Montaza 1 قسم أول المنتزة Al-Muntazah 1 1,109,010 Kism (fully urban)
Montaza 2 قسم ثان المنتزة Al-Muntazah 2 575,067 Kism (fully urban)
El Raml 1 قسم أول الرمل Ar-Raml 1 294,477 Kism (fully urban)
El Raml 2 قسم ثان الرمل Ar-Raml 2 669,233 Kism (fully urban)
North Coast قسم الساحل الشمالى As-Sāḥal ash-Shamāli 2,963 Area
Bab Sharqi قسم باب شرقى Bāb Sharqi 240,760 Kism (fully urban)
Borg El Arab مركز ومدينة برج العرب Burj al-'Arab 92,175 Markaz
Karmouz قسم كرموز Karmūz 110,533 Kism (fully urban)
New Borg El Arab مدينة برج العرب الجديدة Madīnat Burj al-'Arab al-Jadīdah 43,921 New City
Port al-Basal قسم مينا البصل Mīnā al-Baṣal 268,252 Kism (fully urban)
Moharam Bek قسم محرم بك Muḥarram Bik 297,318 Kism (fully urban)
Sidi Gaber قسم سيدى جابر Sīdi Jābir 267,152 Kism (fully urban)

Industrial zones

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[6]

Schools

Tourism

Alexandria is known with its diverse history as it was occupied by several cultures throughout the years. Several monuments nowadays shape Alexandria's historic sites.

Monuments

Gardens

Education

Alexandria Governorate follows the Egyptian Educational System in its public schools and universities.

Most notable educational institutes

Sports

The governorate of Alexandria has several sports clubs that represents the governorate such as:

Alexandria governorate most common sport is football and holds three main stadiums which are:

Former governors

Alexandria Governorate has had several governors throughout the years, below is listed the former governors since 1952 up to 2017:[9]

  1. Counselor Mohammed Mustafa Kamal Dib (from April 10, 1952 to January 5, 1957)
  2. Mr. Mahmoud Ismael Mehanna (from March 4, 1957 to September 10, 1960)
  3. Major Sedeek Abdul Latif (from October 8, 1960 to November 12, 1961)
  4. Mr. Mohammed Hamdi Ashour (from November 12, 1961 to October 27, 1968)
  5. Major General Ahmed Kamel (from November 6, 1968 to November 17, 1970)
  6. Major Mamdouh Salem (from November 18, 1970 to May 13, 1971)
  7. Dr. Ahmed Fouad Muhyiddin (from May 8, 1971 to September 7, 1972)
  8. Prof. Abdel Moneim Wehbe (From September 8, 1972 to May 28, 1974)
  9. Major General. Ahmed Abdel Tawab Hdaib (from May 29, 1974 to November 27, 1978)
  10. Prof. Mohamed Fouad Hilmi (from November 28, 1978 to May 14, 1980)
  11. Prof. Naim Mustafa Abu Talib (from May 15, 1980 to August 23, 1981)
  12. Mr. Mohammed Saeed Al-Mahi (from August 24, 1981 to May 17, 1982)
  13. Major General Mohamed Fawzy Maaz (from May 18, 1982 to June 9, 1986)
  14. Counselor Ismail El-Gawsaqi (from July 10, 1986 to July 8, 1997)
  15. Major General Mohamed Abdel Salam Mahgoub (from July 9, 1997 to August 28, 2006)
  16. General Adel Labib (from August 2006 to February 2011)
  17. Dr. Essam Salem (from April 3, 2011 to July 2011)
  18. Dr. Osama Foley (from August 4, 2011 to July 2012)
  19. Counselor Mohamed Atta Abbas (from September 4, 2012 to June 1, 2013)
  20. Counselor Maher Mohamed Zahir Baybars (from June 16, 2013 to August 12, 2013)
  21. General Tarek Mahdy (from August 13, 2013 to February 6, 2015)
  22. Mr. Hany El-Mesiry (from February 7, 2015 to October 25, 2015)
  23. Engineer Mohamed Ahmed Abd-El-Zaher (from December 26, 2015 to September 7, 2016)
  24. General Reda Mohamed Farahat (from September 9, 2016 to February 16, 2017)
  25. Dr. Mohamed Ali Sultan (from February 16, 2017 to August 30, 2018)
  26. Dr. Abdul Aziz Qansua (from August 30, 2018 to present)

Transportation

Ports

Railroads

Airports

Alexandria Governorate has one international airport:

References

  1. ^ "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "ﻋـــﺩﺩ ﺍﻟﺳﻛــﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺗﻘﺩﻳﺭﻯ ﻟﻸﻗﺳــﺎﻡ ﻓﻰ 2023/ 1 / 1" [Estimated population of the departments on 1/1/2023] (PDF) (in Arabic). الجهاز المركزي للتعبئة العامة والإحصاء. Retrieved 1 April 2023.
  3. ^ "GDP BY GOVERNORATE", mped.gov.eg
  4. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI - Table - Global Data Lab". globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2023-02-20.
  5. ^ Egypt
  6. ^ "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  7. ^ "Home". FORSAN INTERNATIONAL SCHOOLS. Retrieved 2024-03-14.
  8. ^ "Forsan International Schools". FORSAN INTERNATIONAL SCHOOLS. 2024-03-10. Retrieved 2024-03-14.
  9. ^ "محافــظ الإسكندريـــة | المحافظون السابقون". www.alexandria.gov.eg. Retrieved 2017-05-31.

31°10′N 29°53′E / 31.167°N 29.883°E / 31.167; 29.883