Alexis I. du Pont Bayard
13th Lieutenant Governor of Delaware
In office
January 20, 1949 – January 15, 1953
GovernorElbert N. Carvel
Preceded byElbert N. Carvel
Succeeded byJohn W. Rollins
Personal details
Born
Alexis Irénée du Pont Bayard

(1918-02-11)February 11, 1918
Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.
DiedSeptember 3, 1985(1985-09-03) (aged 67)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Resting placeOld Swedes Episcopal Church Cemetery
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
Jane Brady Hildreth
(m. 1944)
Children6
Parent(s)Thomas F. Bayard Jr.
Elizabeth Bradford du Pont
Residence(s)Greenville, Delaware
Alma materPrinceton University
University of Virginia School of Law
ProfessionLawyer
Military service
Branch/serviceUnited States Marine Corps
Battles/warsBattle of Iwo Jima

Alexis Irénée du Pont Bayard (February 11, 1918 - September 3, 1985) was an American lawyer and politician from Rockland, near Greenville, in New Castle County, Delaware. He was a member of the Democratic Party, who served as the 13th lieutenant governor of Delaware.[1]

Early life

See also: Bayard family and du Pont family

Bayard was born in Wilmington, Delaware, son of U.S. Senator Thomas F. Bayard Jr. and Elizabeth Bradford du Pont Bayard. He was named after his maternal great-grandfather, Alexis Irénée du Pont. Bayard was the scion of two prominent Delaware families. On his father's side, Alexis descended from the politically powerful Bayard family. The Bayards had long been bulwarks of Delaware's Democratic Party, with each of the previous five generations of the Bayard family having represented Delaware in the United States Senate. Bayard's mother, Elizabeth Bradford du Pont, was the daughter of Alexis Irénée du Pont Jr., granddaughter of Alexis Irénée du Pont, and great-granddaughter of Eleuthère Irénée du Pont. He was the founder of E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, the gunpowder and chemicals company that grew to dominate northern Delaware in the early twentieth century. By this time the du Ponts were a large and enormously wealthy family, many of whom were involved in the political life of Delaware.

Bayard attended St. Paul's School in Concord, New Hampshire. He graduated from Princeton University in 1940. He later attended the University of Virginia School of Law and was admitted to the bar in 1948.[1]

Career

World War II

During World War II, he served in the United States Marine Corps. He was wounded during the Battle of Iwo Jima.[1]

Political career

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A war era veteran with a well-known name, the 30-year-old Bayard was elected lieutenant governor in 1948,[1][2] defeating Republican Chester V. Townsend Jr. of Dagsboro, who was speaker of the Delaware House of Representatives. He served as lieutenant governor from January 20, 1949, until January 15, 1953. In 1948 he also served as an alternate delegate to the Democratic National Convention.

Bayard lost a bid for a seat in the United States Senate in 1952 to the incumbent Republican U.S. Senator John J. Williams.[3] Bayard's inexperience and aristocratic roots compared unfavorably[according to whom?] to Williams' "rags-to-riches" rise from chicken farmer to national figure. These factors, along with Williams' reputation for honesty, integrity, fairness, and bipartisanship in the U.S. Senate and the popularity of the Republicans' U.S. presidential candidate, Dwight D. Eisenhower, led the incumbent to a ten-point victory over Bayard at the polls.

After his defeat by Williams, Bayard resumed his law practice in Wilmington and remained an active supporter of the Democratic Party. In 1954, he served as campaign chairman of the Delaware Democratic Committee. In 1967, he became the state Democratic chairman.[1] In 1970, he became a member of the finance committee of the Democratic National Committee and held this position until his death.[1]

In 1961 he joined what had been the Herrmann & Duffy law firm in Wilmington;[4] at the time of his death the firm was Bayard, Handelman & Murdoch.[1]

Personal life

He married Jane Brady Hildreth on April 24, 1944.[citation needed] He had six children: Alexis I., Eugene H., Richard H., John F., William B. and Jane H.[1]

He was known as "Lex" in his law practice.[1]

Death

Bayard died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on September 3, 1985, during heart-bypass surgery at Graduate Hospital.[1] He was buried at the Old Swedes Episcopal Church Cemetery in Wilmington, Delaware, alongside his father, grandfather, and great-grandfather.

Legacy

Bayard was the last member of his line to be elected to public office, thus ending a six-generation tradition. After his death, the Alexis I. du Pont Bayard Award was created for distinguished service to the party. His son, Richard H. Bayard, has served as chairman of the Delaware Democratic Party.

Almanac

Elections are held the first Tuesday after November 1. The lieutenant governor takes office the third Tuesday of January and has a four-year term.


Public offices
Office Type Location Began office Ended office notes
Lt. governor Executive Dover January 20, 1949 January 15, 1953


Election results
Year Office Subject Party Votes % Opponent Party Votes %
1948 Lt. governor Alexis I. du Pont Bayard Democratic 74,605 53% Chester V. Townsend Jr. Republican 65,545 47%
1952 U.S. senator Alexis I. du Pont Bayard Democratic 77,685 45% John J. Williams Republican 93,020 55%

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Van Atta, Burr (1975-09-05). "Alexis I. Du Pont Bayard, Lawyer And Political Leader". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. 14C. Retrieved 2021-07-31. open access
  2. ^ Winslow, Helen L., Editor in Chief (1994). The Delaware Bar in the Twentieth Century. Wilmington, DE: The Delaware State Bar Association. p. 554. ((cite book)): |first= has generic name (help)
  3. ^ Winslow, Helen L., Editor in Chief (1994). The Delaware Bar in the Twentieth Century. Wilmington, DE: The Delaware State Bar Association. pp. 554–55. ((cite book)): |first= has generic name (help)
  4. ^ "About Us - Bayard, P.A." Bayard, P.A. Archived from the original on March 29, 2019. Retrieved March 29, 2019.

Further reading

Party political offices Preceded byJames M. Tunnell Democratic Party nominee for United States senator (class 1) from Delaware 1952 Succeeded byElbert N. Carvel