Alfred Harvey
Born(1913-10-06)October 6, 1913
Brooklyn, New York
DiedJuly 4, 1994(1994-07-04) (aged 80)
New Rochelle, New York
NationalityAmerican
Area(s)Writer, Publisher
Notable works
Harvey Comics
Little Dot
Richie Rich

Alfred Harvey (born Alfred Harvey Wiernikoff; October 6, 1913 – July 4, 1994),[1] was the founder of comic book publisher Harvey Comics and the creator of the comic book characters Little Dot, Richie Rich, and Adam Awards. He was born to Russian Jewish immigrants in Brooklyn, New York.[2][3][4] Alfred Harvey's company, Harvey World Famous Comics, produced comic books and cartoons featuring Wendy the Good Little Witch, Spooky the Tuff Little Ghost, Casper the Friendly Ghost, Baby Huey, Little Audrey, and Little Dot. It also published Sad Sack, the military comic strip, which was created by George Baker.

Career

Early career

Beginning his career at the age of 15 drawing advertising cartoons each week for 5 dollars,[3] he then took a job at Fox Comics in the winter of 1939 with Joe Simon and Jack Kirby, and eventually became managing editor. He then quit in 1940, moving to the NYAD advertising agency. He then joined World War II in 1941 at The Pentagon with Kirby, and he noted Harvey as an "eager type". Harvey supervised War Victory Comics, the first government-sponsored comic book.

Harvey Comics

In 1940, he was tired of working for the company and soon founded his own company first called Alfred Harvey Publications, then Family Comics, then Home Comics. He served as president, eventually employing his twin brother Leon as vice president and editor, and his older brother Robert as vice president and business manager. The three brothers renamed their company, again, to Harvey Comics Publications, Inc. Harvey released their first comic series in 1941 called Pocket Comics, which introduced their star and acrobat superhero heroine, The Black Cat. But then as the decade progressed, superheroes began to go out of style, and by the end of the decade, their superheroes completely faded out and they introduced their Comics Hits Revival series. Due to the Comic Code, the comics were aimed towards children and the characters were acquired from Famous Studios , which made them popular in the 1950s due to the rise of baby boomers.[3]

Alfred Harvey retired in 1982, and his company was sold to HMH Communications and in 1989 it was renamed to Harvey Comics Entertainment. He was in a coma since 1989 and he died at age 80 on July 4, 1994 from heart failure, according to his sons Alan and Russell[5][6] at a New Rochelle Hospital, and is buried in Mount Hope Cemetery in Hastings-on-Hudson, New York.[7]

Personal life

He has four surviving sons and a daughter, Alan, who was born in Larchmont, Russell, who was born in Manhattan, Adam, who was born in Mamaroneck, Eric who was born in Manhattan, NY and Susan Bush, who was born in Brooklyn. He had two wives. His second wife, Elsa Victoria Lorne Harvey, died in March 1994[5][6]

References

  1. ^ "United States Social Security Death Index," index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VSFG-V35 : accessed 19 Jul 2013), Alfred Harvey, 4 July 1994.
  2. ^ "Newsstand Period 1922 - 1955". TheComicBooks.com. The Harvey Comics Company was started by Alfred Harvey Wiernikoff, a son of Russian Jewish immigrants. Later on brothers Leon and Robert would join
  3. ^ a b c Jackson, Kathy. "Baby-Boom Children and Harvey Comics After the Code: A Neighborhood of Little Girls and Boys". Retrieved May 10, 2020.
  4. ^ Shupac, Jodie (October 30, 2015). "Seven Ghosts Who Are Totally Jewish". Canadian Jewish News. Retrieved May 10, 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Alfred Harvey; Comics Publisher, 80". The New York Times. July 6, 1994. Archived from the original on January 27, 2011. Retrieved May 10, 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Comics giant Alfred Harvey dies in NY". UPI. July 5, 1994.
  7. ^ Hastings-on-Hudson, New York: Comical Grave of Alfred Harvey (Roadside America)