Alfredo E. Pascual
Pascual in 2023
36th Secretary of Trade and Industry
Assumed office
June 30, 2022
PresidentBongbong Marcos
Preceded byRamon Lopez
20th President of the University of the Philippines
In office
February 10, 2011 – February 9, 2017
Preceded byEmerlinda R. Roman
Succeeded byDanilo Concepcion
Alumni Regent of the University of the Philippines
Concurrently President of the U.P. Alumni Association
In office
Personal details
Alfredo Espinosa Pascual

(1948-07-07) July 7, 1948 (age 75)
Caloocan, Rizal, Philippines[1]
SpouseCarmen Fernandez Martinez
Alma materUniversity of the Philippines Diliman (BS, MBA)
OccupationUniversity Administrator, Educator, Development Banker, Finance Professor, Corporate Governance Advocate

Alfredo "Fred" Espinosa Pascual (born July 7, 1948)[1] is a Filipino international development banker and finance expert, currently serving as the Secretary of Trade and Industry under the administration of Bongbong Marcos since June 30, 2022.[2] He also served as the 20th President of the University of the Philippines (U.P.) System, from 2011 to 2017. He was a member of the U.P. Board of Regents, the university's highest policy-making and governing body, representing the alumni, just before he was elected as U.P. President, the first non-faculty member to hold the position.

At the time of his appointment as Secretary of Trade and Industry, he was the President of the Management Association of the Philippines (MAP) and an independent director of publicly-listed companies including SM Investments and Megaworld. He was also a former chief executive officer of the Institute of Corporate Directors, a non-stock, non-profit organization established in 1999 to lead in the advocacy for good governance in the corporate sector of the Philippines.

Early years and education

Born to Armando Pascual and Melania Espinosa, Pascual graduated valedictorian from the University of Santo Tomas High School.[1][3] He then enrolled in the University of the Philippines Diliman and took up B.S. Chemistry, graduating cum laude in 1969. He received his Master of Business Administration degree from the same university in 1972.[4] While at the University of the Philippines, he was initiated into the Upsilon Sigma Phi.[5]

He attended the EC-ASEAN Teacher Program on the Management of Strategic and Organizational Change at the INSEAD Euro-Asia Centre in Fontainebleau, France.[4]



His early career was spent teaching at the chemistry department of the University of the Philippines College of Science as an instructor. He also taught at the Ateneo de Manila University's departments of management engineering and business management as a part-time lecturer for over four years. He later became the American Express Foundation Professor of Financial Management from 1980 to 1989, chair of the Master of Business Management program, and director of the Advanced Bank Management program at the Asian Institute of Management.[4]

Business and finance

Pascual was department manager in Procter and Gamble, project manager in Bancom Development Corporation, assistant vice-president in Philippine Pacific Capital Corporation (now RCBC Capital), and vice president in First Metro Investment Corporation.

From 1989 to 2008, Pascual worked in the Asian Development Bank (ADB) as a senior investment officer in the private sector department. He then became director of its Private Sector Infrastructure Finance Division and its Capital Markets & Finance Sectors Division.[4] Pascual later served as advisor on public-private partnership in infrastructure. He had postings in ADB's resident offices in New Delhi, India and Jakarta, Indonesia. He also represented ADB on the corporate board of the Mutual Fund Company of the Philippines and other corporations in China, India, Hong Kong, and the Netherlands.

As U.P. president

Portrait of Alfredo E. Pascual during his term as U.P. president from 2011 to 2017

Dr. Pascual was selected among the 11 nominees for the presidency of the University of the Philippines in 2011.[6] Some of the other nominees were: School of Economics professor and current Finance Secretary Benjamin Diokno, former College of Law dean Raul Pangalangan, National Historical Commission of the Philippines chair and former university vice president for academic affairs Ma. Serena Diokno, former Department of English & Comparative Literature chair Consolacion Alaras, former chancellors Sergio Cao of University of the Philippines Diliman and Luis Rey Velasco of University of the Philippines Los Banos, and Social Weather Stations fellow and School of Labor and Industrial Relations professor Virginia Teodosio.[6]

In the academic sphere, Pascual made significant strides in transforming U.P. into a research-intensive university, raising its international profile as a global university, and strengthening its role in national development as a public service university. He gave priority to creating the enabling conditions needed for achieving these objectives.

To intensify research, he launched new research initiatives such as the Philippine Genome Center (PGC) in 2011, Emerging Interdisciplinary Research in 2012, and U.P. Resilience Institute in 2016. He funded the building of modern laboratories including the 1 billion National Institutes of Health building and the 350 million PGC complex. He sent more faculty members for advanced research studies abroad; incentivized the return to U.P. of Filipino PhDs from foreign institutions; and enhanced the rewards for research outputs. He created the Technology Transfer and Business Development Office (TTBDO) to institutionalize efforts to commercialize intellectual properties resulting from research for the benefit of the researchers and the university.[7]

Recognizing the role of the arts and humanities in developing a sense of national identity and unity among Filipinos, Pascual implemented the Cultural Infrastructure Development Program (CIDP) in 2014 with government funding of close to 400 million. CIDP provided the funding for the rehabilitation and upgrading of cultural facilities in various campuses for performing arts and creative works.[7]

To internationalize U.P., Pascual initiated in 2014 the shift of the U.P. academic calendar to an August start in order to synchronize it with its partner universities in ASEAN and in other parts of the world. He launched the programs for student exchange (MOVE U.P.), and for research collaboration by faculty and postgraduate students (COOPERATE). More funds were made available for international travel grants for paper presentation, and for bringing to U.P. eminent world leaders under the World Expert Lecture Series. He introduced international quality assurance of degree programs to benchmark U.P. against the best in the region.[7]

To strengthen public service, he created the U.P. Padayon Public Service Office which organized disaster relief operations and provided training in disaster management, among others. He pursued arrangements for U.P. to provide technical assistance and policy studies support to government departments and offices, local government units, and other public universities. launched the U.P. Television on the Internet (TVUP) to fill the vacuum of reliable and university-based TV programs in the country.[7] The university also entered into an agreement with the ABS-CBN Broadcasting Network, known as the "Fact-Check" project for faculty members to appear regularly in forums related to the 2013 Philippine general election.[8]

Pascual created over 800 One-U.P. Professorial Chairs and Faculty Grants in 2015. That was the first time ever in U.P. for such a big number was made available in one go – overcoming the very limited supply of donated professorial chairs. These are annual grants awarded for three years, renewable based on performance. The objective is to recognize more deserving faculty members for excellence in research, teaching, and public service.

In the area of finance and administration, Pascual raised for U.P. substantial resources through government budget allocations, donations, and revenue-generating projects. When he assumed the U.P. Presidency, funding from the government was declining. But he campaigned for and succeeded in getting big increases in government funding for U.P. The U.P. budget for operating expenses, in particular, has quadrupled. Around P12 billion has been allocated for modernizing the physical and cyber infrastructure of U.P. campuses (funding about 100 new buildings and 50 major renovations) and upgrading the hospital equipment of the Philippine General Hospital (PGH).[7]

Among the major donations that Pascual got for U.P. are the land and the building for the new U.P. Bonifacio Global City (UP-BGC) campus from the Bases Conversion and Development Authority (BCDA) and a business group, respectively. Now operational, UP-BGC provides those working in BGC and nearby areas convenient access to U.P.’s professional programs in law, business, industrial engineering, statistics, etc. Other donations are a 400-seat theater in U.P. Diliman from a businessman alumnus; a completed 4-storey dormitory in U.P. Manila donated from a fraternity and a sorority; a 70-hectare site for a U.P. campus in New Clark City also from BCDA; a 5-hectare site and academic building for the U.P. Alabang technology hub donated from an alumni family; and a 3-hectare site and a building from a Mindanao-based business group for an extension campus of U.P. Los Baños in Panabo.[7]

Pascual forged partnerships with the private sector to build revenue-generating projects, such as the U.P. Town Center in Diliman. The commercial center generates hundreds of millions of pesos annually for the university, which are used to fund programs not eligible for government funding (e.g., enhanced personnel benefits for retirement and hospitalization). Pascual rolled out e-UP, a system-wide integrated information system designed to achieve administrative efficiency, sharpen decision making, and strengthen control. The project included substantial investments in hardware, fiber optic networks, and internet bandwidth to also support the academic requirements of faculty and students.

As Secretary of Trade and Industry

Pascual is sworn in as Secretary of Trade and Industry in December 2022

In May 2022, then President-elect Bongbong Marcos announced that he would nominate Pascual to be his Secretary of Trade and Industry.[2] He assumed the post on June 30, 2022, following the inauguration of Marcos albeit in an ad interim capacity, pending confirmation from the Commission on Appointments. His nomination, however, was bypassed twice by the Commission—first in September due to time constraints,[9] and then in December due to concerns raised by Representative Johnny Pimentel and Senator Imee Marcos regarding the Philippine Economic Zone Authority, an attached agency of the Department of Trade and Industry.[10] He was reappointed by Marcos Jr. and was sworn again on December 16.[11] He was eventually confirmed by the Commission in February 2023.[12]


Pascual was the lead convenor of the Automated Election System (AES) Watch, an independent, multi-sector coalition that monitored and assessed the Philippines’ first-ever nationwide poll automation in May 2010.[13]

He served as a trustee of the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) and the Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS), and as Chairperson of the U.P. Foundation and the U.P. Provident Fund, among others.

Pascual is a Life Member of the MAP and the Financial Executives Institute of the Philippines (FINEX), and a past president of the Rotary Club of Makati.[13]


Pascual's accomplishments as U.P. President were recognized with the Presidential Lingkod Bayan Award in 2014 from the Philippine President, the Rotary Golden Wheel Award for Higher Education in 2013, and the Lifetime Distinguished Achievement Award from the U.P. Alumni Association in 2017. For his achievements as U.P. President, he was also given by the Asia CEO Awards in 2018 the recognition as Circle of Excellence awardee for the category Global Filipino Executive of the Year.[14]

Pascual was also conferred an honorary Doctor of Laws by the University of the Philippines in 2020; an honorary Doctor of Pedagogy by the Angeles University in Angeles, Pampanga, Philippines in 2012;[15][4] an honorary Doctor of Sciences by the Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila (University of the City of Manila) in 2015;[16] an honorary Doctor of Humanities by Partido State University in 2016; and a PhD in Social Science (honoris causa) by Shu-Te University, Taiwan in 2016.


  1. ^ a b c "Film # 007878476 Image Film # 007878476; ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSW7-13JH-J —". FamilySearch. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
  2. ^ a b Cabanban, Seth (May 26, 2022). "The #MarcosCabinet: Fred Pascual, DTI secretary". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved June 17, 2022.
  3. ^ Parado, C. M. (2011, April 13) New UP president is Thomasian, vows closer ties with UST. The Varsitarian
  4. ^ a b c d e Alfredo E. Pascual curriculum vitae (30 April 2016) Archived 7 August 2016 at the Wayback Machine. University of the Philippines.
  5. ^ "{Toward the Next 100 Years}". Retrieved 2018-11-02.
  6. ^ a b Lapeña, C. G. (2010, December 3). Poll automation watchdog elected UP's 20th president. GMA News Online
  7. ^ a b c d e f "{End of Term Report of President Alfredo Pascual (February 2017)}". Retrieved 2018-11-02.
  8. ^ "UP's 'Fact-Check' project with ABS-CBN to verify bets' claims". Archived from the original on 2012-12-14. Retrieved 2013-01-03.
  9. ^ "CA bypasses over a dozen Marcos appointees". CNN Philippines. Archived from the original on October 4, 2022. Retrieved 2023-08-25.
  10. ^ Ramos, Marlon (2022-12-15). "CA bypasses Tulfo, Pascual for 2nd time". Retrieved 2023-08-25.
  11. ^ "DTI Sec. Pascual gets reappointed, takes oath before Marcos". GMA News Online. 2022-12-17. Retrieved 2023-08-25.
  12. ^ Ramos, Marlon (2023-02-02). "Pascual confirmed by CA as DTI chief after three tries". Retrieved 2023-08-25.
  13. ^ a b "The University President". Archived from the original on 2012-12-31. Retrieved 2013-01-03.
  14. ^ "{Asia CEO Awards 2018}" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-11-02.
  15. ^ "Angeles University Foundation to honor Alfredo E. Pascual | Sun.Star". Archived from the original on 2012-04-27.
  16. ^ Lontoc, J. (2015, April 14). PLM confers Doctor of Sciences upon President Pascual Archived 2015-11-18 at the Wayback Machine. University of the Philippines.
Academic offices Preceded byEmerlinda R. Roman President of the University of the Philippines 2011–2017 Succeeded byDanilo Concepcion Political offices Preceded byRamon Lopez Secretary of Trade and Industry 2022–present Incumbent Order of precedence Preceded byTed Herbosaas Secretary of Health Order of Precedence of the Philippinesas Secretary of Trade and Industry Succeeded byHans Leo Cacdacas Secretary of Migrant Workers