Ali Ai Ligang
Mising girls dancing during Ali Aye Ligang
BeginsFirst Wednesday of 'Gimur Polo'
Location(s)Assam , Arunachal Pradesh, India
AttendanceAli - Aye - Ligang
Organised byMising people

Ali-Aye-Ligang or Ali-Ai-Ligang a spring festivity associated with agriculture celebrated by the Mising or Mishing tribal people of Assam and other Northeast indian states on the occasion of the beginning of the Ahu paddy cultivation.[1] The festival marks onset of sowing seeds. The name of the festival is made up of three terms, "Ali", legumes, "Aye", seed and "Ligang", to sow.[2][3]

Time of the festival

The festival begins on "Ligange lange", the first Wednesday of "Gimur Polo", which occurs in February in the Gregorian calendar[4][5] or on Wednesday of the month of Fagun of the Assamese calendar and in the month of February in English calendar which lasts for five days. Its 2016 date was 2 February.[6]


In this festival young people of the community in particular participate "Gumraag Soman" and dance to the tune of folk songs and melodious "oi: nitom". The first day of the festival is marked by the ceremonial start of paddy sowing and throughout the festival many others activities such as ploughing and tree cutting are forbidden.[7]


The last day of festival called as "Lilen" is observed with a grand community feast. During this festival, Misings indulge in great banquet with Poro Apong or Nogin Apong (homemade Rice wine) with various dishes, especially made with pork meat. "Purang Apin" (packed boiled rice) is cooked in water with special leaves. This is a special dish prepared by Misings which is cooked only during Ali Aye Ligang.

Dance forms & songs

In this festival a popular dance is performed by the young Mising people which is known as "Gumrag". The formal dance of the festival starts from the easternmost house of the village and in the end it extending towards the field and the river. This dance is performed by encircling the courtyard of the house of the villagers.

Songs & music

The songs of Ali-Aye-Ligang do not remain restricted to the songs of youth alone. The subjects and themes of the songs are varied. They include the life of a man, his sufferings in this life and his death. Apart from them, the songs describe the matters of individual love and affection including joy and pain. Mainly the songs of the festival speak of the various experiences of the Misings in their day-to-day life. The Music composed for these festivals consists of instruments like the dhul, taal, gong and gungang (gagana).[8]

See also


  1. ^ "Misings_Portrait_traditional". Archived from the original on 6 March 2014. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
  2. ^ "Ali-ai-Ligang being celebrated in Assam". 16 February 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
  3. ^ "Festivals of Mishing Tribes of Assam". 20 January 2011. Archived from the original on 5 March 2014. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
  4. ^ "Today is Ali Aye Ligang Festival for Misings in Assam". 16 February 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2013. [permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Welcome to Assam Tourism Official website of Deptt. of Tourism, Assam, India". Retrieved 10 April 2013.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 November 2016. Retrieved 19 February 2016.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Ali-aye-Ligang being celebrated in Assam - Oneindia News". 16 February 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2013.[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ "Ali- ai- Ligang: The Festival of the Mishings". Archived from the original on 30 May 2012. Retrieved 10 April 2013.