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Alipurduar
Clockwise from top-left: Evening at Jaldapara National Park, ruins of Buxa Fort, Hut used by Toto aboriginals, Jayanti Hills in Buxa Tiger Reserve, Bhutan gate near Jaigaon
Location of Alipurduar in West Bengal
Location of Alipurduar in West Bengal
Country India
State West Bengal
DivisionJalpaiguri
HeadquartersAlipurduar
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesAlipurduar
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesAlipurduars, Kumargram, Falakata, Madarihat, Kalchini
Area
 • Total3,383 km2 (1,306 sq mi)
Population
 • Total1,491,250
 • Density440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
 • Urban
307,456
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Websitealipurduar.gov.in

Alipurduar District is the 20th district in the state of West Bengal, India.[2] The district has its headquarters at Alipurduar. It was made a district by bifurcating Jalpaiguri district in 2014.[3]

The district consists of Alipurduar municipality, Falakata municipality and six community development blocks: Madarihat–Birpara, Alipurduar–I, Alipurduar–II, Falakata, Kalchini and Kumargram. The six blocks contain 66 gram panchayats and nine census towns.

Administration

Apart from the Alipurduar municipality and Falakata municipality, the district contains eight census towns and rural areas of 66 gram panchayats under six community development blocks: Madarihat-Birpara, Alipurduar-I, Alipurduar–II, Kalchini, Falakata and Kumargram.[4] Geographically the district lies between 26.4°N to 26.83°N and 89°E to 89.9°E.

The nine census towns are Paschim Jitpur, Chechakhata, Alipurduar Railway Junction, Bholar Dabri, Sobhaganj, Jaygaon and Uttar Latabari and Uttar Kamakhyaguri.[5]

Railway network

Alipurduar railway division has at least 710 km of railway track. It is the largest division of the Northeast Frontier Railway zone. In Alipurduar district, there are two major stations, Alipurduar Junction (APDJ) and New Alipurduar (NOQ). There are other stations in the district viz. Falakata Railway Station, Kamakhyaguri Railway Station, Dalgaon Railway Station, Hasimara Railway Station, Rajabhatkhawa, Hamiltongunj etc.

Legislative segments

There are 5 assembly constituency in Alipurduar district :

S No. Name Lok Sabha constituency MLA Party
10 Kumargram (ST) Alipurduars Manoj Kumar Oraon Bharatiya Janata Party
11 Kalchini (ST) Bishal Lama Bharatiya Janata Party
12 Alipurduars Suman Kanjilal Bharatiya Janata Party
13 Falakata (SC) Dipak Barman Bharatiya Janata Party
14 Madarihat (ST) Manoj Tigga Bharatiya Janata Party

As per order of the Delimitation Commission in respect of the delimitation of constituencies in the West Bengal, the area under Kumargram block and seven gram panchayats under Alipurduar–II block, viz. Bhatibari, Kohinoor, Parokata, Mahakalguri, Shamuktala, Turturi and Tatpara–I constitutes the Kumargram assembly constituency of West Bengal. The Majherdabri gram panchayat under Alipurduar–II block and the area under Kalchini block constitutes the Kalchini assembly constituency. The Alipurduar municipality, the Alipurduar Railway Junction census town, and the gram panchayats of Chaporer Par–I, Chaporer Par–II and Tatpara–II under Alipurduar–II block and ten gram panchayats of Alipurduar–I block, viz. Banchukamari, Parorpar, Shalkumar–I, Vivekananda–I, Chakowakheti, Patlakhawa, Shalkumar–II, Vivekananda–II, Mathura and Tapsikhata form the Alipurduars assembly constituency. The other gram panchayat of Alipurduar–I block, viz. Purba Kanthalbari forms the Falakata assembly constituency along with the area under Falakata block. Madarihat block is part of Madarihat assembly constituency. Kumargram, Kalchini and Madarihat constituencies is reserved for Scheduled tribes (ST) candidates. Falakata constituency is reserved for Scheduled castes (SC) candidates. All these five assembly constituencies are part of Alipurduars (Lok Sabha constituency), which is reserved for ST candidates.[6]

Demographics

As of the 2011 census, Alipurduar district had a population of 1,491,250, of which 1,183,704 were rural and 307,456 were urban. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes made up 456,706 (30.62%) and 382,112 (25.62%) of the population respectively.[1]

Religion

Religion in Alipurduar district (2011)[7]
Hinduism
80.07%
Islam
8.74%
Christianity
7.52%
Buddhism
2.37%
Tribal religion
1.00%
Other or not stated
0.31%
Religion in present-day Alipurduar district
Religion Population (1941)[8]: 90–91  Percentage (1941) Population (2011)[7] Percentage (2011)
Hinduism 144,898 45.17% 1,194,102 80.07%
Tribal religion 141,716 44.17% 14,866 1.00%
Islam 29,856 9.31% 130,339 8.74%
Christianity 1,385 0.43% 112,091 7.52%
Buddhism --- --- 35,318 2.37%
Others[a] 2,963 0.93 4,534 0.31%
Total Population 320,818 100% 1,491,250 100%

Hindus are the majority in all blocks. Muslims are spread evenly throughout the district, but Christians, traditional religions and Buddhists are concentrated in the tea garden areas.

Language

Languages of Alipurduar district (2011)[9]

  Bengali (53.93%)
  Sadri (16.80%)
  Nepali (9.70%)
  Hindi (3.67%)
  Rajbongshi (3.17%)
  Kurukh (3.13%)
  Boro (2.38%)
  Bhojpuri (1.39%)
  Santali (1.32%)
  Others (4.51%)

At the time of the 2011 census, 53.93% spoke Bengali, 16.80% Sadri, 9.70% Nepali, 3.67% Hindi, 3.17% Rajbongshi, 3.13% Kurukh, 2.38% Boro, 1.39% Bhojpuri and 1.32% Santali as their first language. [9]

Visitor attractions

An elephant safari through the Jaldapara Sanctuary
Hill Down View of Jaigaon

Villages

Notes

  1. ^ Including Jainism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Ad-Dharmis, or not stated.

References

  1. ^ a b "District Census Handbook-Jalpaiguri" (PDF). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 10 July 2021.
  2. ^ TNN (21 June 2014). "Roy Alipurduar: Alipurduar a new district on June 25". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  3. ^ IANS (25 June 2014). "Alipurduar becomes Bengal's 20th district | Business Standard News". Business Standard. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Directory of District, Sub division, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal, March 2008". West Bengal. National Informatics Centre, India. 19 March 2008. Archived from the original on 25 February 2009. Retrieved 21 December 2008.
  5. ^ "District Wise List of Statutory Towns (Municipal Corporation, Municipality,Notified Area and Cantonment Board), Census Towns and Outgrowths, West Bengal, 2001". Census of India, Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 21 December 2008.
  6. ^ "Press Note, Delimitation Commission" (PDF). Assembly Constituencies in West Bengal. Delimitation Commission. pp. 4–5, 23. Retrieved 10 January 2009.
  7. ^ a b "Table C-01 Population by Religion: West Bengal". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  8. ^ "Census of India, 1941 Volume VI Bengal Province" (PDF). Retrieved 13 August 2022.
  9. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: West Bengal". www.censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  10. ^ Basu, Moushumi (31 May 2018). "A rhino poaching racket has created fear, suspicion towards outsiders in a West Bengal village". scroll.in. Retrieved 29 July 2023.
  11. ^ "Buxa Tiger Reserve Forests". indyatour.com. Indyatour. Retrieved 29 July 2023.