Allahabad district
Prayagraj district
Location of Allahabad district in Uttar Pradesh
CountryIndia
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionAllahabad
HeadquartersAllahabad
Tehsils8
Government
 • Divisional CommissionerSanjay Goyal IAS[1]
 • District MagistrateSanjay Khatri IAS
 • Inspector General, Allahabad RangeKavindra Pratap Singh IPS[2]
 • Senior Superintendent of PoliceSarvashresth Tripathi IPS[3]
Area
 • Total5,482 km2 (2,117 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total5,954,391
 • Density1,100/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy74.41%
 • Sex ratio901
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 2
Lok Sabha constituenciesAllahabad, Phulpur
Websiteprayagraj.nic.in

Allahabad district, officially known as Prayagraj district,[4] is the largest and the most populous district of Uttar Pradesh state of India. The district headquarters is Allahabad which was renamed Prayagraj at the same time as the district was renamed. The District is divided into blocks within tehsils. As of 2011, there are 20 blocks in eight tehsils.[5][6][7] The Allahabad division includes the districts of Pratapgarh, Fatehpur, Kaushambi and Allahabad, with some western parts that had previously part of Allahabad District becoming part of the new Kaushambi District.[8] The administrative divisions are Phulpur, Koraon, Meja, Sadar, Soraon, Handia, Bara, Shringverpur and Karchana.

The three rivers of India - Ganges, Yamuna and the mythical river of Sarasvati - meet at a point in the district, known as Sangam, considered holy by Hindus. Allahabad was once the capital of United Province before independence. Allahabad is one of the largest educational hubs.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
19011,141,944—    
19111,124,143−0.16%
19211,076,120−0.44%
19311,142,845+0.60%
19411,388,068+1.96%
19511,568,592+1.23%
19611,882,506+1.84%
19712,292,284+1.99%
19812,983,245+2.67%
19913,899,660+2.71%
20014,937,266+2.39%
20115,954,391+1.89%
source:[9]

According to the 2011 census of India the district has a population of 5,954,391,[9] roughly equal to the nation of Denmark[10] or the US state of Missouri.[9] This gives it a ranking of 13th in India (out of a total of 640).[9] As of 2011 it is the most populous district of Uttar Pradesh (out of 71).[9] The district has a population density of 1,087 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,820/sq mi).[9] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 20.74%.[9]

The district has a sex ratio of 902 females for every 1000 males,[9] and a literacy rate of 74.41%, highest in the region[11] and close to the all-India average of 74%.[9]

Languages

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 96.98% of the population in the district spoke Hindi (or a variant of Hindi) and 2.69% Urdu as their first language.[9] People in the district speak Awadhi, a language in the Hindi continuum spoken by over 38 million people, mainly in the Awadh region;[12] and Bagheli, which has a lexical similarity of 72-91% with Hindi[13] (compared to 60% for German and English)[14] and is spoken by about 7,800,000 people in Bagelkhand.[13]

Allahabad district: mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Census.[15]
Mother tongue code Mother tongue People Percentage
001002 Assamese 319 0.01%
002007 Bengali 6,782 0.11%
006030 Awadhi 110,468 1.86%
006042 Bagheli/Baghel Khandi 920 0.02%
006102 Bhojpuri 8,946 0.15%
006142 Chhattisgarhi 1,135 0.02%
006240 Hindi 5,651,508 94.91%
007016 Kannada 348 0.01%
011016 Malayalam 1,016 0.02%
013071 Marathi 1,519 0.03%
014011 Nepali 379 0.01%
015043 Odia 1,172 0.02%
016038 Punjabi 3,328 0.06%
019014 Sindhi 635 0.01%
020027 Tamil 685 0.01%
021046 Telugu 843 0.01%
022015 Urdu 159,916 2.69%
028001 Arabic/Arbi 481 0.01%
030073 Tadavi 411 0.01%
040001 English 487 0.01%
NA Other 3,093 0.05%
Total 5,954,391 100.00%

Religion

Religions in Allahabad District[9]
Religion Percent
Hindus
85.69%
Muslims
13.38%
Others†
0.93%

Hinduism is majority religion in the district with 85.69% followers. Islam is second most popular religion in district of Allahabad with approximately 13.38% following it. Around 0.93% stated 'Other Religion', approximately 0.90% stated 'No Particular Religion'. The Prayag Kumbh Mela is a major Hindu event. Allahabad has a Triveni Sangam. Akshayavat is a sacred fig tree. There is a Roman Catholic Diocese of Allahabad.

References

  1. ^ "Shri Sanjay Goyal, IAS | District Prayagraj, Government of Uttar Pradesh | India". prayagraj.nic.in. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  2. ^ "Shri Kavindra Pratap Singh". prayagraj.nic.in. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  3. ^ "Shri Sarvashresth Tripathi, IPS | District Prayagraj, Government of Uttar Pradesh | India". prayagraj.nic.in. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  4. ^ "District Prayagraj, Government of Uttar Pradesh | the City of Kumbh | India". Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  5. ^ "Development Blocks under Tehsils". District court of Allahabad. Archived from the original on 26 May 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
  6. ^ Hridai Ram Yadav (2009). Village Development Planning. Concept Publishing Company. pp. 9–13. ISBN 978-81-7268-187-6. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
  7. ^ Pramod Lata Jain (1990). Co-operative Credit in Rural India: A Study of Its Utilisation. Mittal Publications. pp. 61–63. ISBN 978-81-7099-204-2. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
  8. ^ "Maps, Tahsils and villages of Allahabad". Explore Allahabad Press. Archived from the original on 21 October 2014. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Missouri 5,988,927
  10. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  11. ^ "Allahabad has highest literacy rate in region". The Times of India. 15 April 2011. Archived from the original on 6 May 2013. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
  12. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Awadhi: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  13. ^ a b M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bagheli: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  14. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "English". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  15. ^ C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Uttar Pradesh (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 15 July 2020.

Coordinates: 25°27′N 81°51′E / 25.450°N 81.850°E / 25.450; 81.850