Allan Rock
Canadian Ambassador to the United Nations
In office
Preceded byPaul Heinbecker
Succeeded byJohn McNee
Member of Parliament
for Etobicoke Centre
In office
Preceded byMichael Wilson
Succeeded byBorys Wrzesnewskyj
Minister of Justice
In office
November 4, 1993 – June 10, 1997
Prime MinisterJean Chrétien
Preceded byPierre Blais
Succeeded byAnne McLellan
Minister of Health
In office
June 11, 1997 – January 14, 2002
Prime MinisterJean Chrétien
Preceded byDavid Dingwall
Succeeded byAnne McLellan
52nd Treasurer of the Law Society of Upper Canada
In office
Preceded byJames MacDonald Spence
Succeeded byPaul Stephen Andrew Lamek
Personal details
Allan Michael Rock

(1947-08-30) August 30, 1947 (age 74)
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Political partyLiberal
Spouse(s)Deborah Hanscom
ProfessionLawyer, politician, government minister, school administrator

Allan Michael Rock PC CM OOnt QC (born August 30, 1947) is a Canadian lawyer, former politician, diplomat and university administrator. He was Canada's ambassador to the United Nations (2004–2006) and had previously served in the Cabinet of Jean Chrétien, most notably as Justice Minister (1993–1997) and Health Minister (1997–2002).

Rock was appointed as president and vice-chancellor of the University of Ottawa by its board of governors on June 3, 2008. His term began on July 15, 2008, and it ended on July 1, 2016. Rock was subsequently designed president emeritus.

Rock joined the University of Ottawa Faculty of Law in 2018, where he is currently a full professor specializing in subjects related to international law (notably international humanitarian law).

Early life

Allan Rock was born to James Thomas Rock and Anne (née Torley) Rock in Ottawa, where he was raised and educated through secondary school. He received a B.A. in 1968 and an LL.B. in 1971 at the University of Ottawa, and he began a 20-year career as a trial lawyer where he specialized in civil, commercial, and administrative litigation.[1]

Rock served as president of the Student Federation of the University of Ottawa (SFUO) for the 1969-70 year. He had previously served on the executive of the Arts students association and briefly as SFUO External Commissioner.[2]

In June 1969, Rock met John Lennon during the latter’s famous "bed-in" in Montreal, and invited him to Ottawa to attend a "peace conference”, which he accepted. Following a press conference in Ottawa, Rock drove Lennon and wife Yoko Ono around the city in Rock’s modest Volkswagen. At Lennon’s request, they went to Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau’s official residence at 24 Sussex Drive; however, Trudeau was not home, so the legendary Beatle wrote a note on the spot and left it at the door. Six months later, Lennon returned to Ottawa and finally met Trudeau.[3]

On graduation from law school, Rock joined Fasken & Calvin, a noted Bay Street law firm in Toronto, where he worked in the litigation department with Walter Williston, Ron Rolls, and Bill Graham. He rose to become partner. Rock and Rolls co-taught the civil procedure section of the Bar Admission course (bringing a frown to many young lawyer's face).[4]

Rock became the 52nd Treasurer of the Law Society of Upper Canada, serving from 1992 until 1993.[5]

Ministerial career

In 1993, he was elected as the Member of Parliament for Etobicoke Centre and named Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada.[1] In that capacity, he introduced significant changes to the Criminal Code, the Canadian Human Rights Act, and other federal legislation.[1] He became Minister of Health in 1997, where he facilitated the creation of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) and more than doubled annual health research funding on a national scale.[1]

Subsequently, as Minister of Industry and the Minister responsible for Infrastructure Canada, he introduced Canada's innovation strategy, was responsible for Canada's three granting councils (the CIHR, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC), and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC)), and introduced legislation to create the Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation to promote applied research in the social sciences and the humanities.[1]

Rock initially declared he would run in the Liberal Party of Canada leadership race to replace the retiring Jean Chrétien. However, he was unable to affect Paul Martin's commanding lead. In 2003, Rock quickly dropped out of the leadership race and announced his tepid support for Martin. When Prime Minister Paul Martin was departing as leader of the Liberal Party of Canada, Rock was mentioned as a potential candidate to replace him, but on February 3, 2006, Rock announced that he would not run for leadership of the Liberal Party.[6] He later endorsed Stéphane Dion's successful bid to lead the party.[citation needed]

Ambassador to United Nations

On December 12, 2003, Queen Elizabeth II, on the advice of Paul Martin, appointed Rock as Canada's ambassador to the United Nations. Rock resigned his seat in the House of Commons and took office in early 2004. As Canada's ambassador to the UN, Rock spoke to the UN General Assembly on April 13, 2004, encouraging participation of the member nations of the United Nations on the matter of the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme.

As the voice of Canadians at the United Nations, Rock was an outspoken advocate of human rights, human security, and reforming the UN.[1] At the 2005 World Summit at the UN, Rock led the successful Canadian effort to secure the adoption by world leaders of the doctrine "Responsibility to Protect" that maintains that the United Nations is mandated to protect populations from genocide, ethnic cleansing, war crimes, and crimes against humanity when national governments fail to extend such protection or are themselves engaged in such crimes against their own people.[1] Other roles at the UN included chairing a working group on obstacles to long-term development in Haiti, efforts to end the conflict in Northern Uganda and peace negotiations in Abuja, Nigeria involving the Government of Sudan and representatives of the three main rebel groups seeking greater autonomy for Darfur.[1]

Rock tendered his resignation in February 2006, and on February 16, the newly elected Conservative Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced the appointment of Rock's replacement, John McNee.[7] Rock remained in office until June 30, 2006 at Harper's request. Upon his departure, he called for an overhaul of the UN.[8] Rock submitted a report about child soldiers in Sri Lanka on January 15, 2007 to the UN.[citation needed]

After public life

Rock announced earlier in June 2006 that he would be moving to Windsor, Ontario, to resume his legal career with Harvey Thomas Strosberg at Sutts, Strosberg LLP. Rock continued to publish op-eds around international issues, including the conduct of UN peacekeepers,[9] the Syrian refugee crisis,[10] and the G20.[11]

University of Ottawa President

It was announced in May 2008 that Rock would be appointed as the next president of the University of Ottawa.[12] Rock was an alumnus of the university and had graduated in 1970 with a law degree.

In 1969, during his time as a student at the University of Ottawa, Rock was President of the SFUO (the Student Federation of the University of Ottawa), then the undergraduate student union for the University of Ottawa[1] Following the announcement of Rock's appointment as President of the University of Ottawa, The Ottawa Citizen wrote:

At a time when the university, like other Canadian campuses, is experiencing a resurgence in student activism, Mr. Rock would bring a sensitivity to student issues, said Mr. Mitchell. "This is something that Allan Rock is particularly qualified for, being a former student leader himself."[12]

On December 1, 2009, Rock made a guest appearance in the University of Ottawa Theatre Department's production of the play Les amis. Funds raised by this event went to the United Way Campaign and the Bon Appétit! Student Food Bank.[citation needed]

In two separate incidences during Rock's tenure, members of the University of Ottawa hockey team were accused of sexual misconduct. Rock called the scandals "repugnant", suspended the entire team, and set up a Task Force on Respect and Equality.[13] Ten months later, the task force released a report making 11 recommendations, which Rock promised to implement, saying "that his school will become a 'beacon' dedicated to eradicating issues of sexual violence."[14]

His term ended on July 1, 2016, and Rock was succeeded by Jacques Frémont.[15]



On February 26, 2009, the Canadian Civil Liberties Association wrote to Rock to express its concern over his administration's banning of a student poster and to ask that he redress the situation with a public declaration.[16]

Ann Coulter

Amid much media attention, right-wing commentator and author Ann Coulter was scheduled to give a talk at the University of Ottawa on March 23, 2010. The talk was cancelled following student protests at the talk venue. The organizers of the event blamed the university and the protesters.[17] Rock in turn responded in a university press release suggesting that the organizers may have needlessly cancelled the talk. At the centre of the controversy was a letter sent to Coulter before her scheduled talk in Ottawa, signed by the Vice President (Academic), which warned that Coulter could be arrested for hate speech. The letter was condemned as a violation of academic freedom by the Canadian Association of University Teachers and was widely criticized in the media.[18][19] Three weeks after the cancelled event, Rock publicly stated having pre-approved the letter as the institution's official response.[20][21]


In 2017, Rock was made a member of Order of Ontario.[22]

Electoral record

1997 Canadian federal election: Etobicoke Centre
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Allan Rock 27,345 54.6 +0.2
Progressive Conservative Alida Leistra 11,023 22.0 +2.5
Reform Jason Beyak 8,638 17.2 -4.9
New Democratic Matthew Bonk 2,661 5.3 +3.1
Natural Law Paul Gasztold 267 0.5 +0.1
Marxist–Leninist Janice Murray 189 0.4 +0.3
Total valid votes 50,123 100.0
1993 Canadian federal election: Etobicoke Centre
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Allan Rock 25,633 54.3 +13.9
Reform Charles McLeod 10,440 22.1
Progressive Conservative Charles Donley 9,203 19.5 -28.9
New Democratic Udayan Rege 1,037 2.2 -7.4
National Janice Tait 500 1.1
Natural Law Everett Murphy 200 0.4
Abolitionist Kelly Ann Leblanc 77 0.2
Marxist–Leninist Janice Murray 53 0.1
Commonwealth of Canada Joseph Zmak 25 0.1 -0.1
Total valid votes 47,168 100.0


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Rock, Allan. "President and Vice-Chancellor Biography". Website. University of Ottawa. Retrieved March 24, 2011.
  2. ^ La Rotonde. À la présidence. Published 27 February 1969
  3. ^ "Giving peace a chance” (radio documentary), BBC World Service, first broadcast on December 3, 2019.
  4. ^ Kyer, C. Ian, 'Lawyers, Families and Businesses: The Shaping of a Bay Street Law Firm, Faskens 1863-1963', Irwin Law, 2013, pp. 10, 11, 232, 243.
  5. ^ The Law Society of Upper Canada, List of Law Society Treasurers
  6. ^ "Rock sends regrets, won't run to lead Liberals", CBC News, February 3, 2006
  7. ^ "McNee tapped as Rock's UN replacement", The Globe and Mail, February 16, 2006
  8. ^ Departing Allan Rock calls for major UN overhaul, CTV News, July 2, 2006
  9. ^ "Rock: We must fix the UN's culture of coverups around peacekeeping". Ottawa Citizen. June 13, 2016.
  10. ^ "How Canada can help Syria's neighbours". The Globe and Mail.
  11. ^ "Trudeau can use the G20 to reassert Canada's role in the world". The Globe and Mail.
  12. ^ a b 'Rock for university president' Archived 2012-11-04 at the Wayback Machine, The Ottawa Citizen, May 30, 2008
  13. ^ "University of Ottawa head addresses student sex assault allegations". CBC News.
  14. ^ "Update: 'We can become a beacon,' U of O's Rock says as sexual violence report released". Ottawa Citizen. January 30, 2015.
  15. ^ "Q&A: Allan Rock reflects on eight years as uOttawa president". Ottawa Citizen. June 23, 2016.
  16. ^ "Canadian Civil Liberties Letter" (PDF). Letter. Canadian Civil Liberties Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 28, 2011. Retrieved March 25, 2011.
  17. ^ "Ann Coulter's speech in Ottawa cancelled", Globe and Mail, March 24, 2010. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  18. ^ "University to Ann Coulter: 'Please watch your mouth'" Archived 2010-03-24 at, National Post, March 22, 2010.
  19. ^ Free Speech. What a Concept!, Rex Murphy on The National, March 25, 2010.
  20. ^ Video - University Senate meeting, April 12, 2010.
  21. ^ "The Coulter affair - University of Ottawa president Allan Rock is of two minds about how it all went down", The Ottawa Citizen, April 17, 2010.
  22. ^ "The 2017 Appointees to the Order of Ontario". January 29, 2018.
26th Ministry – Cabinet of Jean Chrétien Cabinet posts (5) Predecessor Office Successor Brian Tobin Minister of Industry2002–2003 Lucienne Robillard Brian Tobin Minister for the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency2002–2003 Joe McGuire Brian Tobin Minister of Western Economic Diversification2002–2003 Rey Pagtakhan David Dingwall Minister of Health1997–2002 Anne McLellan Pierre Blais Minister of Justice1993–1997 Anne McLellan Special Cabinet Responsibilities Predecessor Title Successor vacant, previouslyMarcel Massé Minister responsible for Infrastructure2002–2003 position abolished