Golden garlic
Allium moly
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Allium
Subgenus: A. subg. Amerallium
A. moly
Binomial name
Allium moly
L. 1753 not Griseb. & Schur ex Regel 1875 nor Ucria 1789 nor Georgi 1780[2]
  • Cepa moly (L.) Moench
  • Kalabotis moly (L.) Raf.
  • Molyza moly (L.) Salisb.
  • Nectaroscordum moly (L.) Galasso & Banfi
  • Allium aureum Lam.
  • Allium flavum Salisb. 1796, illegitimate homonym not L. 1753
  • Allium moly var. bulbilliferum Rouy

Allium moly, also known as yellow garlic,[4] golden garlic and lily leek, Is a species of flowering plant in the genus Allium, which also includes the flowering and culinary onions and garlic. A bulbous herbaceous perennial from the Mediterranean,[5][6] it is edible and also used as a medicinal and ornamental plant.[7][8]

Occurrence and appearance

Allium moly is primarily found in Spain and Southern France with additional populations in Italy, Austria, Czech Republic, Algeria, and Morocco.[3][9][10][11]

With lance-shaped grey-green leaves up to 30 cm long, in early summer it produces masses of star-shaped bright yellow flowers in dense umbels. The cultivar ‘Jeannine’ has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.[4]


formerly included[3]

See also


  1. ^ Draper Munt, D. (2011). "Allium moly". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2011: e.T172220A6852079. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T172220A6852079.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  2. ^ The International Plant Names Index
  3. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ a b "RHS Plantfinder - Allium moly 'Jeannine'". Royal Horticultural Society. 1993. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
  5. ^ Tropicos, Allium moly L.
  6. ^ Maire, R. (1958). Flore de l'Afrique du Nord 5: 1-307. Paul Lechevalier, Paris
  7. ^ Missouri Botanical Garden Gardening Help: Allium moly
  8. ^ "Allium moly". Plants for a Future.
  9. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana
  10. ^ Hohla, M. (2011). Zwei Funde der Kleine Seerose (Nymphaea candida) sowie weitere Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Flora von Oberösterreich. Stapfia 95: 141-161.
  11. ^ Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic. Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.