Almyros
Αλμυρός
Almyros municipality (red and pink) and municipal unit (red)
Almyros municipality (red and pink) and municipal unit (red)
Almyros is located in Greece
Almyros
Almyros
Location within the region
2011 Dimos Almyrou.png
Coordinates: 39°10′49″N 22°45′38″E / 39.18028°N 22.76056°E / 39.18028; 22.76056Coordinates: 39°10′49″N 22°45′38″E / 39.18028°N 22.76056°E / 39.18028; 22.76056
CountryGreece
Administrative regionThessaly
Regional unitMagnesia
Government
 • MayorVaggelis Chatzikiriakos
Area
 • Municipality905.4 km2 (349.6 sq mi)
 • Municipal unit473.9 km2 (183.0 sq mi)
Elevation
70 m (230 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Municipality
18,614
 • Municipality density21/km2 (53/sq mi)
 • Municipal unit
12,678
 • Municipal unit density27/km2 (69/sq mi)
Community
 • Population8,220 (2011)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
371 00
Area code(s)24220
Vehicle registrationΒΟ
Websitealmyros-city.gr

Almyros or Halmyros (Greek: Αλμυρός, Almirós, [almiˈros], lit.'salty') is a town and a municipality of the regional unit of Magnesia, region of Thessaly, Greece. It lies in the center of prosperous fertile plain known as 'Krokio Pedio', which is crossed by torrents. Almyros is an important agricultural and commercial center of Magnesia, and is also developing as a tourist center for the area. The main agricultural products are tomatoes, cotton, wheat, almonds, peanuts and pistachio nuts.

History

Further information: Byzantine Greece

The history of Almyros begins with the ancient city of Alos (about 10 km [6.2 mi] south of Almyros), the ruins of which can still be visited. Alos was a very important and populous town, famous for its port and for its role in the Persian Wars. After the Byzantine Empire, because of pirate raids, they built the town in the place that it is today.[citation needed]

Halmyros was the site of the decisive Battle of Halmyros on 15 March 1311, where the Catalan Company shattered the assembled feudal armies of Frankish Greece and conquered the Duchy of Athens.

In 1838, the settlement was described as being "a Turkish town, situated on the western coast of the Pagasitic Gulf, half an hour's journey inland, on the Plain of Krokios, and consisting of some 300 dwellings. It is chiefly inhabited by Turks, with only a few Christian settlers, who cultivate the lands of the Turks residing there".[2] The Ottoman Empire ceded most of Thessaly in 1881, followed by development and repopulation by Greeks.

In 1980 a catastrophic magnitude 6.5 earthquake destroyed most of the town.[3]

Municipality

The municipality Almyros was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 4 former municipalities, that became municipal units:[4]

The municipality has an area of 905.4 km2 (349.6 sq mi), the municipal unit 473.940 km2 (183 sq mi).[5]

Subdivisions

The municipal unit of Almyros is divided into the following communities: Almyros, Efxeinoupoli, Anthotopos, Kokkotoi, Kroki, Kofoi, Platanos, and Fylaki.[4]

Province

The province of Almyros (Greek: Επαρχία Αλμυρού) was one of the provinces of Magnesia. It had the same territory as the present municipality.[6] It was abolished in 2006.

Landmarks

Geography

Almyros is situated near the western end of the Pagasetic Gulf, 25 km (15.5 mi) southwest of Volos. Motorway 1 (Athens – Thessaloniki) passes east of the town Almyros.

Climate

Climate data for Nea Anchialos Airport 1956-2010
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 11.1
(52.0)
12.3
(54.1)
14.3
(57.7)
18.8
(65.8)
24.0
(75.2)
29.0
(84.2)
31.0
(87.8)
30.7
(87.3)
27.0
(80.6)
21.6
(70.9)
16.8
(62.2)
12.6
(54.7)
20.8
(69.4)
Average low °C (°F) 2.8
(37.0)
3.4
(38.1)
4.8
(40.6)
7.7
(45.9)
12.1
(53.8)
16.3
(61.3)
18.6
(65.5)
18.5
(65.3)
15.7
(60.3)
12.1
(53.8)
8.2
(46.8)
4.5
(40.1)
10.4
(50.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 49.2
(1.94)
43.7
(1.72)
51.3
(2.02)
34.1
(1.34)
35.0
(1.38)
20.4
(0.80)
19.2
(0.76)
15.9
(0.63)
38.5
(1.52)
60.5
(2.38)
60.9
(2.40)
65.9
(2.59)
494.6
(19.48)
Average precipitation days 12.3 10.2 8.1 6.5 4.6 3.6 2.0 2.2 3.6 7.3 8.4 11.4 80.2
Source: [1]

Historical population

Year Town Municipal unit Municipality
1981 6,730[13]
1991 8,502 14,046[14]
2001 7,921 12,987[14]
2011 8,220 12,678 18,614[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. ^ Almyros History. Retrieved 2007-07-12.
  3. ^ Drakos, A. G.; Stiros, S. C.; Kiratzi, A. A. (2001), "Fault Parameters of the 1980 (Mw 6.5) Volos, Central Greece, Earthquake from Inversion of Repeated Leveling Data", Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Seismological Society of America, 91 (6): 1673–1684, Bibcode:2001BuSSA..91.1673D, doi:10.1785/0120000232
  4. ^ a b "ΦΕΚ B 1292/2010, Kallikratis reform municipalities" (in Greek). Government Gazette.
  5. ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-21.
  6. ^ "Detailed census results 1991" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-03. (39 MB) (in Greek and French)
  7. ^ Almyros' Archaeological Museum Archived 2013-09-28 at the Wayback Machine .Retrieved 2014-02-27.
  8. ^ "NatureBank – Τοπίο (ΤΙΦΚ) – Αισθητικό Δάσος Κουρί Αλμυρού". filotis.itia.ntua.gr. Retrieved 2016-03-12.
  9. ^ "Ανάλυση και αξιολόγηση του "Κουρί" Αλμυρού Μαγνησίας : αειφορικός σχεδιασμός και διαχείριση του τοπίου της πολιτισμικής μας κληρονομιάς". Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Institutional Repository – IKEE. Retrieved 2016-03-12.
  10. ^ Kouri Almyrou Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine Hellenic Republic Ministry of Tourism. Retrieved 2007-07-12.
  11. ^ Magnesia Greece, History and Christianity Pelion. Thegreektravel.com (commercial website). Retrieved 2007-07-12.
  12. ^ The Sights of Almiros Greek Travel Pages (commercial website). Retrieved 2007-07-12.
  13. ^ Almyros (ALS), Town, Magnesia Greek Travel Pages (commercial website). Retrieved 2007-07-11.
  14. ^ a b Athena 2001 Archived 2008-09-05 at the Wayback Machine Hellenic Republic Ministry of Economy and Finance, National Statistical Service of Greece. Retrieved 2007-07-11.