Ambedkar Jayanti
Ambedkar Jayanti Procession at Chaitya Bhoomi
Official nameDr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Jayanti[1]
Also calledBhim Jayanti
Observed byIndia
TypeSecular; birth anniversary of B. R. Ambedkar
CelebrationsAmbedkar Jayanti
ObservancesCommunity, historical celebrations
Date14 April
FrequencyAnnual
Related toAshok Vijaya Dashmi
Constitution Day (India)

Ambedkar Jayanti or Bhim Jayanti is an annual festival observed on 14 April to commemorate the memory of B. R. Ambedkar, Indian polymath and civil rights activist.[2] It marks Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar's birthday who was born on 14 April 1891.[3] Since 2015 it has been observed as an official public holiday throughout India.[4] Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated not just in India but all around the world.[5] Ambedkar struggled for equality throughout his life, hence his birthday is celebrated as 'Equality Day' in India,[6][7][8] and the demand to declare this day as "International Equality Day" goes to the United Nations.[9][10]

The Citizens paid tributes to Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar on the occasion of his 125th birth anniversary, at Parliament House, in New Delhi on April 14, 2016.
The Citizens paid tributes to Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar on the occasion of his 125th birth anniversary, at Parliament House, in New Delhi on April 14, 2016.

Ambedkar Jayanti processions are carried out by his followers at Chaitya Bhoomi in Mumbai and Deeksha Bhoomi in Nagpur.[11] It is a customary for senior national figures, such as the President, Prime Minister and leaders of major political parties, to pay homage at the statue of Ambedkar at the Parliament of India in New Delhi. It is celebrated throughout the world especially by dalits, adivasi, labour workers, women and also those who embraced Buddhism after his example. In India, large numbers of people visit local statues commemorating Ambedkar in procession with lot of fanfare. In 2020, the first online Ambedkar Jayanti was celebrated in the world.[12][13]

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Jayanti is a public holiday in more than 25 states and union territories of India, including Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Ladakh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Pondicherry, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal etc..[14]

Background

B. R. Ambedkar (1891-1956)
B. R. Ambedkar (1891-1956)

Babasaheb Ambedkar's first birthday was publicly celebrated on 14 April 1928 in Pune, by Janardan Sadashiv Ranapisay,[15] who was an Ambedkarite and social activist. He started the tradition of Babasaheb's birth anniversary or Ambedkar Jayanti.[16] Ambedkar passed his matriculation in 1907. Then, he pursued BA honours in economics and political science from Elphinstone college. He enrolled in Columbia University, New York for the Masters of Arts and got his PhD in economics in 1927. In 1916, he took the admission for the Bar Course at Gray’s Inn along with this he also did another doctoral thesis in economics from the London School of Economics.[17] Ambedkar was master in 64 subjects and was proficient in 11 languages.[18]

Tributes

Indian Post issued stamps dedicated to Ambedkar's birthday in 1966, 1973, 1991, 2001, and 2013, and featured him on other stamps in 2009, 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2020.[19][20]

On 14 April 1990, Ambedkar was bestowed with Bharat Ratna award. The same year his life size portrait was also unveiled in the Central Hall of Parliament. The period from 14 April 1990 — 14 April 1991 was observed as "Year of Social Justice" in the memory of Babasaheb.[21]

Government of India Issued 10 Rupees and 125 Rupees coins in 2015 to mark the 125 Birth Anniversary in the honor of Ambedkar.[22]

On 14 April 2015, a Google Doodle was published for Ambedkar's 124th birthday.[23][24][25] The doodle was featured in India, Argentina, Chile, Ireland, Peru, Poland, Sweden and the United Kingdom.[26][27][28]

The United Nations celebrated Ambedkar Jayanti in 2016, 2017 and 2018.[29][30][31]

In 2017, As per Government of Maharashtra 14 April is observed as Knowledge Day (Dnyan Din) in the Indian state of Maharashtra in memory of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar.[32][33]

In 2017, on the occasion of Dr. Ambedkar Jayanti, Twitter launched Dr. Ambedkar emoji as a tribute to the legend.[34]

On 6 April 2020, in Canada, it was decided to observe April 14 as "Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Day of Equality". The decision was taken by the Council of the City of Burnaby, Canada.[35][36]

In 2021, Government of British Columbia has decided to observe April 14 as "Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Equality Day" in the province of British Columbia, Canada.[37][38]

See also

References

  1. ^ "सार्वजनिक सुट्ट्या-महाराष्ट्र शासनाचे अधिकृत संकेतस्थळ, भारत". Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  2. ^ Ambedkar Jayanti Speech
  3. ^ "Ambedkar Jayanti 2021:Humble Request to Dr B. R. Ambedkar's Followers". S A NEWS. 10 April 2021. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
  4. ^ Webpage of Ministry of Personnel and Public Grievance & Pension
  5. ^ mea.gov.in http://mea.gov.in/ambedkar-final/mcelebration.htm. Retrieved 6 April 2021. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ कुमार, अरविन्द (14 April 2020). "असमानता दूर करने के लिए भीमराव आंबेडकर ने क्या उपाय दिए थे". ThePrint Hindi. Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  7. ^ "Ambedkar Jayanti 2020: आज है अंबेडकर जयंती, जानिए बाबा साहेब से जुड़ी ये 7 बातें". NDTVIndia. Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  8. ^ हिंदी, क्विंट (13 April 2020). "B.R. Ambedkar Jayanti 2020: पढ़ें अंबेडकर साहब के ये अनमोल विचार". TheQuint (in Hindi). Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  9. ^ "Plea to UN to declare Ambedkar Jayanti World Equality Day". Business Standard. Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  10. ^ Mall, Rattan (7 April 2020). "Burnaby proclaims April 14 as Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Day of Equality | Indo-Canadian Voice". Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  11. ^ "Ambedkar Jayanti - Bhim Jayanti - 14 April". Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  12. ^ Apr 13, Mohua Chatterjee / TNN /; 2020; Ist, 23:14. "Dalits go digital to celebrate 129th Ambedkar Jayanti amid lockdown | India News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 April 2021.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  13. ^ Shastree, Uttara (1996). Religious Converts in India: Socio-political Study of Neo-Buddhists. Mittal Publications. ISBN 978-81-7099-629-3. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
  14. ^ "Dr Ambedkar Jayanti in India in 2021 | by Office Holidays". www.officeholidays.com. Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  15. ^ "Ambedkar Jayanti – The birth anniversary of the father of the Indian Constitution". Business Insider. Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  16. ^ "बाबासाहेबांची जयंती कधी आणि कोणी सुरू केली?". Loksatta (in Marathi). 14 April 2018. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  17. ^ "Education of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar". SA News Channel.
  18. ^ "Ambedkar Jayanti 2020: Interesting facts & inspiring quotes by Dr B R Ambedkar". Times of India.
  19. ^ Ambedkar on stamps. colnect.com
  20. ^ B. R. Ambedkar on stamps. commons.wikimedia.org
  21. ^ "Bharat Ratna Baba Saheb". 5 May 2006. Archived from the original on 5 May 2006. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  22. ^ "PM Narendra Modi releases Rs 10, Rs 125 commemorative coins honouring Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar". 6 December 2015. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  23. ^ "B.R. Ambedkar, a hero of India's independence movement, honoured by Google Doodle". The Telegraph. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
  24. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 April 2015. Retrieved 14 April 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  25. ^ Gibbs, Jonathan (14 April 2015). "B. R. Ambedkar's 124th Birthday: Indian social reformer and politician honoured with a Google Doodle". The Independent. Archived from the original on 14 April 2015. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
  26. ^ "B R Ambedkar 124th birth anniversary: Google doodle changes in 7 countries as tribute". The Indian Express. 14 April 2015. Archived from the original on 7 July 2015.
  27. ^ "Google's BR Ambedkar birth anniversary doodle on 7 other countries apart from India". dna. 14 April 2015. Archived from the original on 7 July 2015.
  28. ^ Nelson, Dean (14 April 2015). "B.R. Ambedkar, a hero of India's independence movement, honoured by Google Doodle". Telegraph.co.uk. Archived from the original on 5 January 2016.
  29. ^ "Ambedkar Jayanti celebrated for the first time outside India as UN organises special event - Firstpost". firstpost.com. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  30. ^ "UN celebrates Ambedkar's legacy 'fighting inequality, inspiring inclusion'". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  31. ^ "संयुक्त राष्ट्र में मनाई गई डॉ. बाबासाहेब भीमराव आंबेडकर जयंती - News State". newsstate.com. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  32. ^ Staff Reporter (14 April 2017). "Ambedkar Jayanti to be celebrated as Knowledge Day in State". Retrieved 3 March 2019 – via www.thehindu.com.
  33. ^ government resolution of maharashtra dated 13-04-2017
  34. ^ KVN, Rohit (14 April 2017). "#JaiBhim: Twitter launches Dr BR Ambedkar emoji to commemorate 126th birth anniversary". www.ibtimes.co.in. Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  35. ^ https://www.voiceonline.com/burnaby-proclaims-april-14-as-dr-b-r-ambedkar-day-of-equality/
  36. ^ Maharashtra, Max (11 April 2020). "डॉ. बाबासाहेब आंबेडकर यांचा जन्मदिवस कॅनडात 'समता दिन' म्हणून घोषित". www.maxmaharashtra.com (in Marathi). Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  37. ^ https://www.bclaws.gov.bc.ca/civix/document/id/proclamations/proclamations/DrBRAmbedkarEqualDay2021
  38. ^ author/online-lokmat (3 April 2021). "डॉ. बाबासाहेबांचा कॅनडात सन्मान, 14 एप्रिल 'समता दिन' म्हणून साजरा होणार". Lokmat (in Marathi). Retrieved 6 April 2021.