Amblyomma
Temporal range: Cretaceous–present
A female of Amblyomma ovale firmly attached to and feeding on a dog.
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Subclass: Acari
Order: Ixodida
Family: Ixodidae
Genus: Amblyomma
Koch, 1844
Species

About 130, see text.

Amblyomma marmoreum C. L. Koch drawn by Oudemans
Amblyomma marmoreum C. L. Koch drawn by Oudemans

Amblyomma is a genus of hard ticks. Some are disease vectors, for example the Rocky Mountain spotted fever in Brazil or ehrlichiosis in the United States.

This genus is the third largest in the family Ixodidae, with its species primarily occupying the torrid zones of all the continents. The centre of species diversity is on the American continent, where half of all the species occur. On this continent, Amblyomma species reach far beyond the torrid zone, up to the 40th parallel in the Northern Hemisphere, to the 50th parallel in the Southern Hemisphere, and even reaches the alpine zone of the Andes.[1]

Species

Fossil species

References

  1. ^ [1] Archived 2010-09-22 at the Wayback Machine G. V. Kolonin, Fauna of Ixodid Ticks of the World (Acari, Ixodidae), Moscow 2009
  2. ^ Apanaskevich, Dmitry A.; Apanaskevich, Maria A. (2018). "Description of a new species of Amblyomma Koch, 1844 (Acari: Ixodidae), parasite of deer (Artiodactyla: Cervidae) and wild pigs (Artiodactyla: Suidae) in the Philippines". Systematic Parasitology. 95 (5): 415–425. doi:10.1007/s11230-018-9797-x. S2CID 13748257.
  3. ^ Keirans, James E.; Garris, Glen I. (1986). "Amblyomma arianae, n. sp. (Acari: Ixodidae), a parasite of Alsophis portoricensis (Reptilia: Colubridae) in Puerto Rico". Journal of Medical Entomology. 23 (6): 622–625. doi:10.1093/jmedent/23.6.622. PMID 3795233.
  4. ^ S. Nava, A. J. Mangold, M. Mastropaolo, J. M. Venzal, E. B. Oscherov, & A. A. Guglielmone. 2009. Amblyomma boeroi n. sp. (Acari: Ixodidae), a parasite of the Chacoan peccary Catagonus wagneri (Rusconi) (Artiodactyla: Tayassuidae) in Argentina. Systematic Parasitology 73(3):161-74.
  5. ^ a b c d e Santiago Nava, Lorenza Beati, Marcelo B. Labruna, Abraham G. Cáceres, Atilio J. Mangold, and Alberto A. Guglielmone. 2014. Reassessment of the taxonomic status of Amblyomma cajennense (Fabricius, 1787) with the description of three new species, Amblyomma tonelliae n. sp., Amblyomma interandinum n. sp. and Amblyomma patinoi n. sp., and reinstatement of Amblyomma mixtum Koch, 1844, and Amblyomma sculptum Berlese, 1888 (Ixodida: Ixodidae). Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases, Volume 5, Issue 3, April 2014, pp. 252-276; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ttbdis.2013.11.004, as accessed 22 Sep 2020.