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Ambrose Hundley Sevier
AR Sevier Ambrose.jpg
Acting President pro tempore of the United States Senate
In office
December 27, 1845 – December 28, 1845
Preceded byWillie Person Mangum
Succeeded byDavid Rice Atchison
United States Senator
from Arkansas
In office
September 18, 1836 – March 15, 1848
Preceded by(none)
Succeeded bySolon Borland
Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives from Arkansas Territory
In office
February 13, 1828 – June 15, 1836
Preceded byHenry W. Conway
Succeeded byStatehood achieved
Personal details
Born(1801-11-04)November 4, 1801
Greeneville, Tennessee, US
DiedDecember 31, 1848(1848-12-31) (aged 47)
Little Rock, Arkansas, US
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Juliette Johnson Sevier
ProfessionPolitician, Lawyer

Ambrose Hundley Sevier (November 4, 1801 – December 31, 1848) was an attorney, politician and planter from Arkansas. A member of the political Family that dominated the state and national delegations in the antebellum years, he was elected by the legislature as a Democratic US Senator.

Early life and education

Ambrose Hundley Sevier was born near Greeneville, Tennessee in Greene County, Tennessee. Sevier moved to Missouri in 1820 and to Little Rock, Arkansas in 1821. In Arkansas he became clerk of the Territorial House of Representatives. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1823.

Marriage and family

Sevier married Juliette Johnson, the sister of Robert Ward Johnson, who also became an influential politician in the state. Their father Benjamin Johnson had gone to Arkansas as the first territorial judge; in 1836 he was appointed as the first federal district judge when the territory became a state.[1] Ambrose and Juliette had several children.

Political career

Sevier was elected to the Territorial House of Representatives and served from 1823 to 1827; he was elected as Speaker of that body in 1827.

He was elected as a Jacksonian Delegate to the 20th US Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Henry Wharton Conway, killed as a result of a duel with a former friend. Sevier was reelected and served as delegate in three successive congresses from 1828 to 1836, when Arkansas was admitted to the Union. Sevier is known as the "Father of Arkansas Statehood".

In 1836 Sevier was elected as the first member of the United States Senate from Arkansas. He was reelected in 1837 and 1843. He resigned from office in 1848. During the 29th Congress, he was allowed to hold the seat of President pro tem of the Senate for a day, though he was not elected to that post. During his tenure, he served as chairman of the Committee on Indian Affairs and was a member of the Committee on Foreign Relations.

In 1848 Sevier and Nathan Clifford, the Attorney General of the United States, were appointed ambassadors to Mexico by President James K. Polk to negotiate the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo at the end of the Mexican–American War.

After completing this project, Ambrose Hundley Sevier died the last day of that year on his plantation in Pulaski County, Arkansas. He was buried in the historic Mount Holly Cemetery. The State of Arkansas erected a monument in the cemetery in his honor.

Sevier was part of the powerful "Family" of Democratic politicians in Arkansas, who included his first cousins: Representative Henry Wharton Conway, Governor James Sevier Conway, and Governor Elias Nelson Conway; brother-in-law Senator Robert Ward Johnson, and son-in-law Governor Thomas James Churchill.

Legacy and honors

See also

References

  1. ^ James M. Woods, "Robert Ward Johnson (1814-1879)", Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture, 2010, accessed 13 November 2013
U.S. House of Representatives Preceded byHenry Wharton Conway Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives from Arkansas Territory February 13, 1828 – June 15, 1836 Arkansas admitted to the Union U.S. Senate Preceded by(none) U.S. senator (Class 3) from Arkansas September 18, 1836 – March 15, 1848 Served alongside: William Savin Fulton and Chester Ashley Succeeded bySolon Borland Political offices Preceded byHugh Lawson White Chairman of the Senate Indian Affairs Committee 1840–1841 Succeeded byJames T. Morehead Preceded byAlbert White Chairman of the Senate Indian Affairs Committee 1845–1846 Succeeded byArthur P. Bagby Preceded byWilliam Allen Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee 1846–1848 Succeeded byEdward A. Hannegan Preceded byWillie Person Mangum President pro tempore of the United States Senate December 27, 1845(1) Succeeded byDavid Rice Atchison Notes and references 1. Sevier was not actually elected President pro tempore of the Senate, but was allowed to 'hold the seat' for a day.