American Breed
Conservation statusFAO (2007): no data[1]: 125 
Country of originUnited States
Horn statussometimes horned
bovid hybrid

The American Breed is an American bovid hybrid of cattle with a small percentage of American Bison blood. It was developed in the 1950s by a New Mexico rancher looking for beef cattle which could survive on poor fodder in the arid Southwest.

It is one of the few cattle breeds with any known Bison influence, another being the Beefalo.[2] Art Jones, the original breeder, began by crossing Hereford, Shorthorn and Charolais, and later added extensive crosses with Brahman and Bison.[3] All individuals of this rare breed display the genetic marker for Bison ancestry.[2]

In 2007 its conservation status was unknown.[1]: 125  A breed society was established in 1976; in 2016 it was inactive.[4]: 105 


  1. ^ a b Barbara Rischkowsky, D. Pilling (eds.) (2007). List of breeds documented in the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources, annex to The State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 9789251057629. Archived 23 June 2020.
  2. ^ a b Ekarius, Carol (2008). Storey's Illustrated Breed Guide to Sheep, Goats, Cattle and Pigs. Storey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-60342-036-5.
  3. ^ "American Breed". Oklahoma State University Dept. of Animal Science. Archived from the original on 2009-04-30.
  4. ^ Valerie Porter, Lawrence Alderson, Stephen J.G. Hall, D. Phillip Sponenberg (2016). Mason's World Encyclopedia of Livestock Breeds and Breeding (sixth edition). Wallingford: CABI. ISBN 9781780647944.