The United States of America has conducted espionage against the Soviet Union and its successor state, the Russian Federation.

Soviet Union

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Military attaches of foreign embassies visiting the exhibition of remains of U.S. U-2 spy-in-the-sky aircraft destroyed May 1, 1960 near Sverdlovsk (currently Yekaterinburg).

Throughout the Cold War, acts of espionage, or spying, became prevalent as tension between the United States and Soviet Union increased.[1] Information played a crucial role in the Cold War and would be essential to a victory of either side. Both the United States and Soviet Union understood this fact and invested greatly in espionage missions and technology.

Russian Federation

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According to U.S. government officials, as of 2016 the United States Intelligence Community had earmarked up to 10-percent of its budgets "to Russia-related espionage".[2]



See also



  1. ^ Jussi M. Hanhimäki; Odd Arne Westad (2004). The Cold War: A History in Documents and Eyewitness Accounts. Oxford University Press. pp. 445–. ISBN 978-0-19-927280-8.
  2. ^ Miller, Greg (14 September 2016). "As Russia reasserts itself, U.S. intelligence agencies focus anew on the Kremlin". The Washington Post. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
  3. ^ Tavernise, Sabrina (December 15, 2000). "American Jailed as Spy in Moscow Is Freed on Putin's Orders; U.S. Welcomes Gesture". The New York Times. Retrieved May 12, 2017.
  4. ^ Haynes, Gavin (20 May 2013). "Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Dickhead". Vice Magazine. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
  5. ^ Goldman, Russell (5 Jan 2017). "Spies vs. spies: How the Cold War lives on between Russia and the United States". Globe & Mail. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
  6. ^ "Ryan Fogle: Russia to expel diplomat arrested trying to recruit for CIA". The Guardian. 15 May 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
  7. ^ Englund, Will; Lally, Kathy (14 May 2013). "Ryan C. Fogle, U.S. diplomat accused of spying, ordered to leave Russia". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 30 June 2013. Retrieved 28 November 2023.
  8. ^ Weiss, Michael (14 May 2013). "Mark Galeotti on Today's Spy Saga". The Interpreter. Archived from the original on 29 November 2023. Retrieved 28 November 2023.
  9. ^ "Police Arrest Alleged U.S. Spy Working in Heart of Russian Cybersecurity". Moscow Times. January 26, 2017. Retrieved May 12, 2017.