American football card
Harry Beecher (football card).jpg
Harry Beecher on the "Champions Set" by Goodwin & Company, the first American football card set, 1888
Other namesFootball card
Typetrading card
CompanyPanini
Leaf
CountryUnited States
Availability1888–present
FeaturesAmerican football

An American football card is a type of collectible trading card typically printed on paper stock or card stock that features one or more American football players or other related sports figures. These cards are most often found in the United States and other countries where the sport is popular.

Most football cards features National Football League (NFL) players, but can also feature college football players. Player cards normally list the player's statistics and a narration about their play. Some special edition packs of cards include authentic autographs or jersey cards. Some may include bubble gum or a special edition player card. Many cards are serial-numbered, meaning that there are only so many of that particular card produced. These include unique prints (numbered 1/1). Included in these are printing plates, used in the actual production of the card.

History

John Dunlop on a Mayo's Cut Plug card of 1894, the first-ever American football card set
John Dunlop on a Mayo's Cut Plug card of 1894, the first-ever American football card set

The first American football cards were included in cigarette packages in the late 1800s.[1] In 1888 Yale player Henry W. Beecher was included as the only football player in a set of 50 cards distributed in packs of "Old Judge" and "Gypsy Queen" cigarettes by Goodwin & Company.,[2] becoming the first American football card ever.[1]

The first entire set of cards to focus on American football players was printed by the Mayo Cut Plug Tobacco Company, which released a 35-card set in 1894,[3][4][5] featuring players from the schools that became the Ivy League.[1]

In the early 1900s, trading cards were printed in mixed sport sets, and the football players were generally from college football.[1] They were used to promote other items in addition to tobacco products such as Spalding's sporting goods, breakfast cereal, ice cream, doughnuts and gum.[1]

Jim Thorpe on a 1933 Goudey card
Jim Thorpe on a 1933 Goudey card

The National Chicle Company released its own football set, with only 36 cards, in 1935. It was the first set to feature players from the National Football League, including six Hall of Fame players.[6]

Along with baseball cards, American football cards began gaining popularity after World War II. In 1948, there were two sports card producers, Bowman[6] and Leaf Candy Company. Both produced their first football card sets, each consisting of about 100 cards of then-current players from the National Football League, with the Leaf set including a number of prominent college players. Leaf's set had also the distinction of being the first post-war cards in color.[6]

Leaf only went on to produce one more set, a skip-numbered set in 1949. However, Bowman continued producing sets, from 1950 through 1955. In addition, Topps Chewing Gum Company produced its first set in 1950.[6] Bowman would be bought out by Topps in 1956.[1] That year, Topps produced a new card set (after producing sets of historic college players in 1950, 1951, and 1955).

Fleer entered to the market in 1960, producing football cards of American Football League,[7] then switching to NFL until Philadelphia Gum secured the rights for football cards in 1964.[6]

In 1962, a cereal manufacturer, Post Cereal, released its first football cards set, which could be ordered directly from the company or available from cereal boxes. Another cereal company, Kellogg's, released its first set in 1970. Kellogg's would launch sets regularly until 1983. A new brand, Score, entered into market in 1989 with its collection of football cards. Two years later, Upper Deck obtained licenses from the NFL to produce trading cards. Upper Deck established itself so quickly that it rivaled Topps. Upper Deck produced cards under license of the NFL until 2010.[8] In 1992, SkyBox International (a company founded only three years ago) produced its first set of football cards.[6] Collector's Edge was another company that produced football cards in the 1990s.

Donruss, a company that had been in the non-sports trading cards market since 1961 manufacturing products related with movies or TV shows, released its football set in 1995, remaining in the business until March 2009 when Italian Panini Group purchased assets of the industry's second-oldest trading card company, Donruss, and formed the new subsidiary, "Panini America".[9][10]

In 2015, Panini signed a long-term contract with the NFL that secured the company exclusive trading card and sticker rights of the league.[9]

Reception

In 2007, one of the earliest known football cards featuring John Dunlop from Harvard, was sold for $10,000, the highest price paid for a football card up to that time.[11]

In their humor book Football Uncyclopedia, Michael Kun and Adam Hoff compare football card collectors to baseball card collectors claiming among other things that "Baseball fans keep their old baseball cards in firm plastic sleeves...[and] include their baseball-card collections in their wills" while "Football fans could not give two craps about collecting football cards" which they present as "Exhibit A for why football fans are smarter than baseball fans."[12]

In January 2014, football cards from the collection of Jefferson R. Burdick, including ones dating to 1894, were displayed at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City.[13]

"[14] In March 2016, veteran sports card dealer Brian Cataquet discovered 1970 Football cards produced by Topps with players wrong names printed on the back of the cards. These cards pictured the correct players photo and name on the front of the card, but on the back of the cards had a different players name printed by error. "There were five in the collection Cataquet acquired: Tommy Nobis front/ Chuck Walton printed on reverse Bill Brown front/ Steve Delong on reverse Rich Jackson front/Bart Starr reverse Roland Lakes front/ Dave Robinson reverse Len St. Jean front/ Dave Rowe reverse"

Manufacturing companies

Current

Past

Most of the past producers companies are defunct of have left the trading card business, they are:[6]

Notes

  1. ^ Exclusive NFL licensee through American subsidiary "Panini America".[9]
  2. ^ Card commercialised in both ways, ordering them from the company or available in cereal boxes

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Rielly, Edward J. (2009). Football: An Encyclopedia of Popular Culture. U of Nebraska Press. pp. 369–. ISBN 9780803226302. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  2. ^ 1888 Goodwin Champions Set on Pre-War Cards website
  3. ^ 1894 Mayo Cut Plug on Cardboardconnection.com
  4. ^ Mayo’s Football Set Among Sports Collecting’s Rarities by Rich Mueller, 22 Feb 2013
  5. ^ The American Card Catalog: The Standard Guide on All Collected Cards and Their Values, compiled by Jefferson Burdick, Nostalgia Press, Jan 1967 – ASIN B0007DQ28E
  6. ^ a b c d e f g History of football cards on StarrCards.com
  7. ^ 1960 Fleer Football Cards
  8. ^ Olds, Chris (April 7, 2010). "Upper Deck loses NFL card license". Beckett. Archived from the original on May 5, 2010. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
  9. ^ a b c Panini Now NFL's Lone Trading Card, Sticker Rights Partner After New Long-Term Deal by Terry Lefton, 17 Dec 2015
  10. ^ History of Donruss trading card on GoGTS website
  11. ^ (II.), Robert F. Lewis (2010). Smart Ball: Marketing the Myth and Managing the Reality of Major League Baseball. Univ. Press of Mississippi. pp. 44–. ISBN 9781604732177. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  12. ^ Kun, Michael; Hoff, Adam (2013-10-09). Football Uncyclopedia: A Highly Opinionated Myth-Busting Guide to America's Most Popular Game. Clerisy Press. pp. 41–. ISBN 9781578603114. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  13. ^ Anne Mancuso and Philip Richardson (January 31, 2014), "Spare Times - Metropolitan Museum of Art: 'Gridiron Greats: Vintage Football Cards in the Collection of Jefferson R. Burdick'", The New York Times, p. C20, retrieved February 1, 2014
  14. ^ "Wrong Backs". Sports Collectors Daily. 2016-03-27.