Amherst, New Hampshire
Town
Amherst Town Common in 2006
Amherst Town Common in 2006
Official seal of Amherst, New Hampshire
Location in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire
Amherst is located in New Hampshire
Amherst
Amherst
Amherst is located in the United States
Amherst
Amherst
Coordinates: 42°51′41″N 71°37′31″W / 42.86139°N 71.62528°W / 42.86139; -71.62528Coordinates: 42°51′41″N 71°37′31″W / 42.86139°N 71.62528°W / 42.86139; -71.62528
CountryUnited States
StateNew Hampshire
CountyHillsborough
Incorporated1760
Government
 • Board of SelectmenPeter Lyon, Chair
Dwight Brew, Vice Chair
Danielle Pray, Clerk
John D'Angelo
Tom Grella
 • Town AdministratorDean Shankle
Area
 • Total34.4 sq mi (89.1 km2)
 • Land33.9 sq mi (87.8 km2)
 • Water0.5 sq mi (1.3 km2)  1.49%
Elevation
259 ft (79 m)
Population
 (2020)[2]
 • Total11,753
 • Density347/sq mi (133.8/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
03031
Area code603
FIPS code33-01300
GNIS feature ID0873531
Websitewww.amherstnh.gov

Amherst is a town in Hillsborough County in the state of New Hampshire, United States. The population was 11,753 at the 2020 census.[2] Amherst is home to Ponemah Bog Wildlife Sanctuary, Hodgman State Forest, the Joe English Reservation and Baboosic Lake.

The village of Amherst, where 697 people lived at the 2020 census, is defined as the Amherst census-designated place and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as Amherst Village Historic District.

History

Post Office Square in 1910
Post Office Square in 1910

Like many New England towns, Amherst was the result of a land grant given to soldiers – in this case, to soldiers in 1728 who had participated in King Philip's War. Settled about 1733, it was first called "Narragansett Number 3" and later "Souhegan Number 3". In 1741, settlers formed a Congregational church and hired the first minister. Chartered on January 18, 1760,[3] by colonial Governor Benning Wentworth, the town was named for General Lord Amherst,[4] who commanded British forces in North America during the French and Indian War. Lord Amherst is known for initiating the practice of giving smallpox blankets to Native Americans in an effort "to Extirpate this Execrable Race" (as quoted from his letter to Colonel Henry Bouquet on July 16, 1763).

In 1770, Amherst became the county seat of Hillsborough County, due largely to its location on the county's major east-west road. It continued to prosper through the Revolutionary War and afterwards. In 1790, the southwestern section broke off and became the town of Milford, and in 1803, the northwest section departed to become Mont Vernon. The development of water-powered mills allowed Milford to grow at Amherst's expense, and the county seat was moved to Milford in 1866.

The town population remained relatively stagnant until after World War II, when Amherst and many surrounding towns saw an influx of newcomers as the town became part of the Greater Boston region.

Franklin Pierce, who later become the 14th President of the United States studied under Judge Edmund Parker in Amherst. He wed Jane Means Appleton, the daughter of a former president of Bowdoin College, in a house on the town green.

The Nashua and Wilton Railroad passed through Amherst.[4]

Government and politics

Amherst town presidential vote[5]
Year Democratic Republican Third parties
2020 58.9% 4,796 39.4% 3,208 1.5% 133
2016 51.4% 3,777 44.5% 3,271 4.0% 299
2012 46.5% 3,501 51.9% 3,906 1.6% 114
2008 51.4% 3,822 47.6% 3,536 1.0% 68

Amherst is located in New Hampshire's 2nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Ann McLane Kuster (D-Hopkinton). The town is located in New Hampshire's 11th State Senate district, represented by Republican Gary L. Daniels (R-Milford).

In the New Hampshire House of Representatives, Amherst has two districts covering the town. Hillsborough 22 is a district with three seats covering just the town of Amherst; it is currently represented by three Democrats: Tony Labranche, Megan Murray, and Dan Veilleux. Amherst also shares Hillsborough 41, a single-member district, with the neighboring town of Bedford; it is represented by Republican Laurie Sanborn (R-Bedford).[6]

Amherst has shifted strongly to the left politically in recent years, with most Democratic candidates easily carrying the town.[citation needed]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 34.4 square miles (89.1 km2), of which 33.9 square miles (87.8 km2) are land and 0.50 square miles (1.3 km2), or 1.49% of the total area, are water.[1] The entire town is part of the Merrimack River watershed.[7] The Souhegan River, an east-flowing tributary of the Merrimack, passes through the southern part of the town, and the Souhegan's tributary Beaver Brook drains the central part of town and passes through the main village. Baboosic Lake is farther north, along the eastern border of the town and is fed by Joe English Brook. The lake drains to the east into Baboosic Brook, a tributary of the Merrimack. Pulpit Brook, which drains the northeast corner of the town, flows into Baboosic Brook as well. Witches Brook flows through the southernmost part of the town and is a tributary of Pennichuck Brook, yet another tributary of the Merrimack. Amherst's highest point is on Chestnut Hill at the town's northern border, where the elevation reaches 865 feet (264 m) above sea level.

New Hampshire Route 101 crosses the town, leading northeast into Bedford and then to Manchester, and southwest into Milford. A spur, New Hampshire Route 101A, crosses the southern part of Amherst, connecting Milford to the west with Nashua to the southeast. New Hampshire Route 122 begins at Amherst village and leads south into Hollis.

Adjacent municipalities

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
17902,369
18001,470−37.9%
18101,5545.7%
18201,6224.4%
18301,6572.2%
18401,565−5.6%
18501,6133.1%
18601,598−0.9%
18701,353−15.3%
18801,225−9.5%
18901,053−14.0%
19001,23116.9%
19101,060−13.9%
1920868−18.1%
19301,11528.5%
19401,1745.3%
19501,46124.4%
19602,05140.4%
19704,605124.5%
19808,24379.0%
19909,06810.0%
200010,76918.8%
201011,2014.0%
202011,7534.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[2][8]
Greeley birthplace c. 1905
Greeley birthplace c. 1905

As of the census of 2010, there were 11,201 people, 4,063 households, and 3,322 families residing in the town. The population density was 327.5 people per square mile (126.5/km2). There were 4,280 housing units at an average density of 125.1 per square mile (48.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.8% White, 0.5% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.4% some other race, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9% of the population.[9]

There were 4,063 households, out of which 37.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.2% were headed by married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.2% were non-families. 14.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.0% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76, and the average family size was 3.06.[9]

In the town, the age distribution of the population was 26.0% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 19.4% from 25 to 44, 36.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.5 males.[9]

For the period 2011-2015, the estimated median annual income for a household in the town was $121,349, and the median income for a family was $130,278. Male full-time workers had a median income of $102,869, versus $51,473 for females. The per capita income for the town was $49,190. About 1.8% of families and 2.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 2.6% of those age 65 or over.[10]

Public education

Amherst is home to Clark and Wilkins elementary schools, Amherst Middle School and Souhegan High School. The elementary schools handle children from Amherst only. Seventh and eighth graders from neighboring Mont Vernon attend the middle school on a tuition basis, while Amherst and Mont Vernon jointly own Souhegan High School, which serves both towns.[11]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b "2021 U.S. Gazetteer Files – New Hampshire". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 3, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c "Amherst town, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire: 2020 DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 3, 2021.
  3. ^ Hayward's New England Gazetteer (1839)
  4. ^ a b Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire (1875)
  5. ^ "NH-SOS - 2020 Election Information".
  6. ^ "The New Hampshire House of Representatives". www.gencourt.state.nh.us. Retrieved November 18, 2021.
  7. ^ Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  9. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (DP-1): Amherst town, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 7, 2017.
  10. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP03): Amherst town, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 7, 2017.
  11. ^ "School Administrative Unit 39". Retrieved 2017-02-07.
  12. ^ "ATHERTON, Charles Gordon, (1804 - 1853)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  13. ^ "ATHERTON, Charles Humphrey, (1773–1853)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  14. ^ "U.S.A. Basketball". May 1, 2017.
  15. ^ PORTRAIT AND BIOGRAPHICAL ALBUM OF Barry and Eaton Counties, Mich. 1891. p. 113.
  16. ^ "BELL, Samuel, (1770 - 1850)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
  17. ^ "Best Face Forward Portraits from the Society's Collection April through September 2009". The Stamford Historical Society. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  18. ^ "Buchanan, Hubert Elliot". POW Network. Retrieved November 13, 2015.
  19. ^ "CLAGETT, Clifton, (1762 - 1829)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  20. ^ "FISK, Jonathan, (1778 - 1832)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  21. ^ "Horace Greeley". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  22. ^ Brooks, David (November 25, 2013). "Amherst's Jon 'Maddog' Hall is still leading the Linux legions, from do-it-yourselfers to supercomputers". Nashua Telegraph. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  23. ^ "Major League Overhaul". Amherst College. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  24. ^ Mackin, Jean (November 5, 2020). "18-year-old from Amherst elected to New Hampshire state house". WMUR. Retrieved February 2, 2021.
  25. ^ "Representative Tony Labranche". 2020. Archived from the original on 2021-10-17. Retrieved February 2, 2021.
  26. ^ "Amherst N.H." Hayward's New England Gazetteer (1839) page 28. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  27. ^ "The President's Wife, Jane Means Appleton Pierce: A Woman of Her Time" (PDF). NH History.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 1, 2014. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  28. ^ "Selee, Frank". National Baseball Hal of Fame Museum. Retrieved January 19, 2014.

Further reading