AbodeWorld of Darkness

In Mandaeism, Anathan or Anatan (Classical Mandaic: ࡀࡍࡀࡕࡀࡍ) is a demon in the World of Darkness (alma ḏ-hšuka) or underworld.[1] He is the husband of Qin, a demoness who is the mother of Ruha and Zahreil. Hibil Ziwa encounters Anathan during his descent to the World of Darkness in Chapter 1 of Book 5 in the Right Ginza. In the aforementioned chapter, Anathan is described as "the warrior of darkness" (qarabtana ḏ-hšuka) and also as a "warlike giant." Together with Qin, the couple is described as the "giants of darkness" (gabaria ḏ-hšuka).[2]


  1. ^ Al-Saadi, Qais Mughashghash; Al-Saadi, Hamed Mughashghash (2019). "Glossary". Ginza Rabba: The Great Treasure. An equivalent translation of the Mandaean Holy Book (2 ed.). Drabsha.
  2. ^ Gelbert, Carlos (2011). Ginza Rba. Sydney: Living Water Books. ISBN 9780958034630.