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Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council.png
Type
Type
Term limits
6 years
History
Preceded byAndhra State Legislative Council
Leadership
Koyye Moshenu Raju, YSRCP
Deputy Chairman
Zakia Khanam, YSRCP
Leader of the House
Janga Krishna Murthy, YSRCP
Leader of the Opposition
Structure
Seats58 (50 Elected + 8 Nominated)
Political groups
Government (33)
  •   YSRCP (33)

Opposition (15)

Others (10)

Elections
Single transferable vote
Meeting place
Andhra Pradesh Secretariat.jpg
Council Building
Amaravati, Andhra Pradesh, India
Website
http://www.aplegislature.org/web/legislative-council

The Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council or Andhra Pradesh Śāsana Manḍali is the upper house of the legislature of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh and the lower house being the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly It is situated in the state Legislative capital of Amaravati, and has 58 members.

The Vidhan Parishad has been in existence in two spells - from 1958 to 1985, and from 2007 continuing till today. A resolution has been passed by AP government for dissolution of the house which awaits parliament ratification.

History

In the first years since its creation in post-independence India, the state of Andhra Pradesh worked under a unicameral parliamentary system. On 5 December 1956, the Andhra Pradesh Vidhana Sabha passed a resolution calling for the creation of an upper house, the Vidhan Parishad, to transition to a bicameral system. The members of the majority party/coalition in the lower house would be the ruling party of the upper house, regardless of number. The house will have a chairman who conducts day-to-day affairs, rather than a speaker.[1] The Vidhan Parishad was formed officially on 1 July 1958 under article 168 of the Constitution of India. The first President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad inaugurated the Vidhan Parishad on 8 July 1958.[1]

Abolition in 1980

In the 1980s, Andhra Pradesh became one of the first states to seek the abolition of the upper houses, which were being increasingly criticised as being unnecessary, unrepresentative of the population, a burden on the state budget and causing delays in passing legislation.[1][2][3][4] However, the move was criticised as an attempt by the then-ruling party, the Telugu Desam Party (TDP), to deny their main political opposition, the Indian National Congress (then Congress (I)) of influence in the state government and the control of the upper house, which could delay TDP-sponsored legislation and where the TDP held no seats.[4] In accordance with a resolution passed by the Andhra Pradesh Vidhan Sabha, the Indian Parliament abolished the Vidhan Parishad through the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council (Abolition) Act in 1985, after the Congress (I) suffered a major defeat in the state elections in Andhra Pradesh.[1][4]

Revival in 1989

Subsequent attempts were made to revive the Legislative Council under Chief Minister Dr. Marri Chenna Reddy, who belonged to the Congress (I), which had won the state elections in 1989.[1][4] A resolution to revive the Legislative Council was passed in the Vidhan Sabha on 22 January 1990.[1] The Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian Parliament, passed legislation authorising the revival of the Legislative Council as per the resolution of the state Vidhan Sabha on 28 May 1990, but the legislation stalled in the lower house, the Lok Sabha, primarily due to its dissolution in 1991 before the completion of its five-year term.[1] The subsequent Lok Sabhas (1991–1996, 1996–1998, 1998–2004) did not take any further action.

After its victory in the 2004 state elections, the Congress-led Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly passed another resolution on 8 July 2004 calling for the revival of the Legislative Council.[1] This time it was introduced in the Lok Sabha as the Andhra Pradesh Council Bill on 16 December 2004. On 15 December 2006 the Lok Sabha passed the legislation, which was quickly passed by the Rajya Sabha on 20 December, and received the assent of the President on 10 January 2007.[1] The newly revived Legislative Council was constituted on 30 March 2007 and inaugurated on 2 April by Rameshwar Thakur, the Governor of Andhra Pradesh.[1]

Second abolition proposed in 2020

Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly made and passed the resolution for abolition of the Legislative Council on 27 Jan 2020. This resolution is yet to be cleared by the Parliament of India to finally abolish the council.

Designations and present members

The Chairman, elected by the council, presides over the sessions of the council. The Deputy Chairman is also elected to preside in the Chairman's absence.[citation needed]

Presiding Officers

Designation Name
Governor Biswabhusan Harichandan
Chairman Koyye Moshenu Raju, YSRCP
Deputy Chairman Zakia Khanam, YSRCP
Leader of the House Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy, YSRCP
Leader of the Opposition Yanamala Rama Krishnudu, TDP
Secretary of Legislative Council P. BBalakrishnamacharyulu

Members

Party Members
YSR Congress Party 33
Telugu Desam Party 15
Progressive Democratic Front 4
Bharatiya Janata Party 2
United Teachers Federation 1
Independent 3
Total 58

Membership and tenure

The Legislative Council is a permanent house, not subject to dissolution.[1] Its 58 members serves six-year term, and every two years, one-third of the total number of members "retire" in rotation, and undergo the re-election process.[1] To become a member, the individual must be a citizen of India and at least 30 years of age. 8 members of the council are nominated by the Governor of Andhra Pradesh. 40 members are elected by an electoral college of the Legislative Assembly and local governing bodies. The 10 remaining members would be elected from constituencies of college graduates and teachers.[5]

Elected By Members of Legislative Assembly (MLAs)

This section needs to be updated. The reason given is: does not agree with official info at http://www.aplegislature.org/web/legislative-council/member-s-information?p_p_id=CouncilMemberInformation_APPortlet_INSTANCE_KnYF8RXrn8M0&p_p_lifecycle=0&p_p_state=normal&p_p_mode=view. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (March 2021)

Keys:   YSRCP (14)   TDP (6)

# Member Party Term end
1. Devasani Chinna Govinda Reddy YSR Congress Party 28-11-2027
2. Palavalasa Vikranth YSR Congress Party 28-11-2027
3. Isacc Basha YSR Congress Party 28-11-2027
4. C. Ramachandraiah YSR Congress Party 29-03-2027
5. Duvvada Srinivas YSR Congress Party 29-03-2027
6. Balli Kalyanachakravarthy YSR Congress Party 29-03-2027
7. Mohammed Iqbal YSR Congress Party 29-03-2027
8. MD Ruhulla YSR Congress Party 21-03-2028
9. Janga Krishna Murthy YSR Congress Party 29-03-2025
10. Gangula Prabhakar Reddy YSR Congress Party 29-03-2023
11. Dokka Manikya Vara Prasad YSR Congress Party 29-03-2023
12. P.V.V.Suryanarayana Raju YSR Congress Party 29-03-2023
13. Pothula Suneetha YSR Congress Party 29-03-2023
14. Challa Bhageerath Reddy YSR Congress Party 29-03-2023
15. Yanamala Ramakrishnudu Telugu Desam Party 29-03-2025
16. Ashok Babu Telugu Desam Party 29-03-2025
17. Duvvarapu Rama Rao Telugu Desam Party 29-03-2025
18. B.Tirumala Naidu Telugu Desam Party 29-03-2025
19. Nara Lokesh Telugu Desam Party 29-03-2023
20. Batchula Arjunudu Telugu Desam Party 29-03-2023

Elected from Local Authorities constituencies

  YSRCP (11)   TDP (8)   BJP (1)

# Constituency Member Party Term end
1. Vizianagaram Indukuri Raghu Raju YSR Congress Party 07-12-2027
2. Chittoor KRJ.Bharath YSR Congress Party 07-12-2027
3. East Godavari Anantha Udhaya Bhaskar YSR Congress Party 07-12-2027
4. Krishna Monditoka Arunkumar YSR Congress Party 07-12-2027
5. Krishna Talasila Raghuram YSR Congress Party 07-12-2027
6. Visakhapatnam Vamsikrishna Yadav YSR Congress Party 07-12-2027
7. Visakhapatnam Varudhu Kalyani YSR Congress Party 07-12-2027
8. Guntur Ummareddy Venkateswarlu YSR Congress Party 07-12-2027
9. Guntur Murugudu Hanumantha Rao YSR Congress Party 07-12-2027
10. Prakasam Tumati Madhava Rao YSR Congress Party 07-12-2027
11. Anantapur Yellareddygari Sivaramireddy YSR Congress Party 07-12-2027
12. Chittoor B.N. Rajasimhulu Telugu Desam Party 01-05-2023
13. West Godavari Angara Ramamohan Telugu Desam Party 01-05-2023
14. West Godavari Manthena Venkata Satyanarayana Raju Telugu Desam Party 01-05-2023
15. East Godavari Chikkala Ramachandra Rao Telugu Desam Party 01-05-2023
16. Srikakulam Satrucharla Vijaya Rama Raju Telugu Desam Party 01-05-2023
17. Kurnool K.E. Prabhakar Telugu Desam Party 01-05-2023
18. Kadapa Mareddy Ravindranatha Reddy (B.Tech Ravi) Telugu Desam Party 29-03-2023
19. Anantapur Gunapati Deepak Reddy Telugu Desam Party 29-03-2023
20. Nellore Vakati Narayana Reddy Bharatiya Janata Party 01-05-2023

Elected from Graduates constituencies

  PDF (3)   YSRCP (1)   BJP (1)

# Constituency Member Party Term end
1. East Godavari, West Godavari Illa Venkateswara Rao Progressive Democratic Front 30-03-2025
2. Krishna, Guntur Kalagara Sai Lakshmana Rao Progressive Democratic Front 30-03-2025
3. Chittoor, Nellore, Prakasam Yandapalli Srinivasulu Reddy Progressive Democratic Front 29-03-2023
4. Anantapur, Kurnool, Kadapa Vennapusa Gopal Reddy YSR Congress Party 29-03-2023
5. Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Visakapatnam P. V. N. Madhav Bharatiya Janata Party 29-03-2023

Elected from Teachers constituencies

  PDF (1)   UTF (1)   Independent (3)

# Constituency Member Party Term end
1 Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam Pakalapati Raghu Varma Independent 30-03-2025
2 Chittoor, Nellore, Prakasam Vitapu Balasubrahmanyam Progressive Democratic Front 29-03-2023
3 Anantapur, Kurnool, Kadapa Katti Narasimha Reddy Independent 29-03-2023
4 East Godavari, West Godavari Shaik Sabji United Teachers Federation 29-03-2027
5 Krishna, Guntur Tamatam Kalpalatha Independent 29-03-2027

Nominated Members

  YSRCP (6)   TDP (2)

# Member Party Term start Term end
1. Lella Appi Reddy YSR Congress Party 14-06-2021 13-06-2027
2. Thota Trimurthulu YSR Congress Party 14-06-2021 13-06-2027
3. R.V.Ramesh Yadav YSR Congress Party 14-06-2021 13-06-2027
4. Koyye Moshenu Raju YSR Congress Party 14-06-2021 13-06-2027
5. Pandula Ravindra Babu YSR Congress Party 28-07-2020 27-07-2026
6. Zakia Khanam YSR Congress Party 28-07-2020 27-07-2026
7. Chadipiralla Sivanatha Reddy Telugu Desam Party 08-03-2019 20-07-2025
8. N. M. D. Farooq Telugu Desam Party 21-07-2017 20-07-2023

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council History". National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 3 September 2010.
  2. ^ Sharma. Introduction to the Constitution of India, Fifth Edition. PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd. pp. 212–13. ISBN 978-81-203-3674-2.
  3. ^ Laxmikanth (2010). Indian Polity For UPSC 3E. Tata McGraw-Hill. pp. 27–1. ISBN 978-0-07-015316-5.
  4. ^ a b c d Agarala Easwara Reddy (1994). State politics in India: reflections on Andhra Pradesh. M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd. pp. 97–110. ISBN 978-81-85880-51-8.
  5. ^ TMH General Knowledge Manual. Tata McGraw. 2007. p. 176. ISBN 978-0-07-061999-9.