Andrew Fuller
Fuller, stained-glass portrait
Born6 February 1754 (1754-02-06)
Died7 May 1815 (1815-05-08) (aged 61)

Andrew Fuller (6 February 1754 – 7 May 1815) was an English Particular Baptist minister and theologian. Known as a promoter of missionary work, he also took part in theological controversy.


Fuller was born in Wicken, Cambridgeshire, and settled at Kettering, Northamptonshire. During his life, Fuller pastored two congregations – Soham (1775–1782) and Kettering (1782–1815), which is now the Fuller Baptist Church, He died on 7 May 1815 at Kettering. His son, J. G. Fuller established a printing company in Kettering, and took William Knibb as an apprentice. Knibb later became a Baptist missionary in Jamaica.[1]

Baptist Missionary Society

Fuller is best known in connection with the foundation of the Baptist Missionary Society, to which he for the most part devoted his energies.[2] His work in promoting the missionary enterprises of the Baptist church began about 1784. A sermon published by him then, The Nature and Importance of Walking by Faith, with an appendix A Few Persuasives to a General Union in Prayer for the Revival of Religion, indirectly stimulated the movement. The Baptist Missionary Society (initially "Particular Baptist Society for Propagating the Gospel among the Heathen")[3] was formed at Kettering in 1792. William Carey, impressed by Fuller's work The Gospel Worthy of all Acceptation, became the first missionary. Fuller took on the work at home.[4]

Grave of Andrew Fuller at Fuller Baptist Church, Kettering, Northamptonshire


Fuller, a Particular Baptist, was a controversialist in defence of the governmental theory of the atonement against hyper-Calvinism on the one hand and Socinianism and Sandemanianism on the other. Abraham Booth accused him of giving up true Calvinism.[5] Fuller debated theology with the General Baptist Dan Taylor, but they remained on good terms.[6]

According to Christianity Today, "'Tall, stout and muscular, a famous wrestler in his youth,' this self-taught farmer’s son became a champion for Christ, 'the most creatively useful theologian' of the Particular Baptists. His book The Gospel Worthy of All Acceptation, 1785, restated Calvinist theology for Baptists influenced by the Evangelical Revival. His Doctorate of Divinity was bestowed by Brown University, Rhode Island."


Fuller wrote:[4]

Fuller also wrote pamphlets, sermons, and essays. He contributed to Charles Edward de Coetlogon's Theological Miscellany, the Evangelical Magazine, the Missionary Magazine, the Quarterly Magazine, the Protestant Dissenters' Magazine, and the Biblical Magazine. John Ryland, in his Life of Fuller, enumerated 167 articles that Fuller had contributed. Editions of his Complete Works appeared in 1838, 1840, 1845, 1852, and 1853. Joseph Belcher edited an edition in three volumes for the Baptist Publication Society of Philadelphia, and his major publications were issued with a memoir by his son in Bohn's Standard Library, 1852.[4]

Fuller kept shorthand notes of his earlier sermons and these remained undeciphered until 2019.[7]

See also


  1. ^ John Hinton (1847). Memoir of William Knibb, Missionary in Jamaica. Houlston and Stoneman. Retrieved 10 November 2022.
  2. ^ Wood 1907.
  3. ^ Stanley, Brian. "Carey, William". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/4657. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  4. ^ a b c "Fuller, Andrew" . Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  5. ^ Clipsham, E. F. "Booth, Abraham". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/2871. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  6. ^ Clipsham, E. F. "Taylor, Dan". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/27023. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  7. ^ "Divinity student cracks religious code". BBC News. 28 January 2019. Retrieved 28 January 2019.



The Works of Andrew Fuller

The eight volume "The Works of Andrew Fuller" includes volumes from the 1820, 1824, and 1825 editions.