Andrius Kubilius
Andrius Kubilius Senate of Poland 01.JPG
Member of the European Parliament
Assumed office
2 July 2019
ConstituencyLithuania
Leader of the Opposition
In office
20 December 2012 – 14 November 2016
Preceded byVytautas Gapšys
Succeeded byViktorija Čmilytė-Nielsen (2019)
In office
20 January 2005 – 9 October 2006
Preceded byGintaras Steponavičius (2001)
Succeeded byGediminas Kirkilas (2008)
10th and 14th Prime Minister of Lithuania
In office
9 December 2008 – 13 December 2012
PresidentValdas Adamkus
Dalia Grybauskaitė
Preceded byGediminas Kirkilas
Succeeded byAlgirdas Butkevičius
In office
3 November 1999 – 26 October 2000
PresidentValdas Adamkus
Preceded byIrena Degutienė (Acting)
Succeeded byRolandas Paksas
Deputy Speaker of the Seimas
In office
10 October 2006 – 17 November 2008
Chairman of the Homeland Union
In office
24 May 2003 – 25 April 2015
Preceded byVytautas Landsbergis
Succeeded byGabrielius Landsbergis
First Deputy Speaker of the Seimas
In office
26 November 1996 – 9 November 1999
Preceded byPost created
Succeeded byArvydas Vidžiūnas
Member of the Seimas
In office
14 November 2016 – 1 July 2019
Succeeded byVilija Aleknaitė-Abramikienė
ConstituencyMulti-member
In office
15 November 2004 – 13 November 2016
Preceded byRolandas Paksas
Succeeded byIngrida Šimonytė
ConstituencyAntakalnis
In office
25 November 1992 – 14 November 2004
ConstituencyMulti-member
Personal details
Born (1956-12-08) 8 December 1956 (age 65)
Vilnius, Lithuania
Political partyHomeland Union
Spouse(s)Rasa Kubilienė
ChildrenVytautas Kubilius, Andrius Kubilius
Alma materVilnius University

Andrius Kubilius (born 8 December 1956) is a Lithuanian politician who has been serving as a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) since 2019. He served as Prime Minister of Lithuania from 1999 to 2000 and again from 2008 to 2012.[1] He was leader of the conservative political party Homeland Union.

Early life and education

Kubilius was born in Vilnius. After graduation from the 22nd secondary school in Vilnius, Kubilius was accepted to Vilnius University and studied in the Faculty of Physics until 1979. He continued his academic career and postgraduate studies at Vilnius University from 1981 to 1984.[2]

Political career

Career in national politics

Kubilius became a member of the pro-independence Sąjūdis movement, who favoured separation from the Soviet Union. He later became the Executive Secretary of the Sąjūdis Council. Soon after the re-establishment of Lithuania's independence, Kubilius was elected to the Seimas (parliament). Since then Kubilius has been an active figure in Lithuanian politics. He became a member of the Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats in 1993.[1]

Between 1996 and 1999 Kubilius served as Deputy Speaker of Seimas. After Rolandas Paksas resignation as the Prime Minister of Lithuania, Andrius Kubilius became new Prime Minister. He served up until 2000 parliamentary election.

Kubilius led the Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats Party into elections on 28 October 2008. Conservatives defeated the Social Democrats, making Kubilius the main candidate for Prime Minister. On 27 November 2008 Kubilius was officially appointed as Prime Minister of Lithuania. He received 89 votes in favour, 27 against, and 16 members of the Seimas abstained. In 2012 Kubilius became the first prime minister of Lithuania to serve his entire term.[3] His government made a lot of unpopular austerity decisions to counter recession.[4] Despite the unpopularity of austerity, Lithuania made one of strongest economic recoveries in Europe.[5] Kubilius is considered by some being the best Prime Minister of Lithuania modern history.[6]

Member of the European Parliament, 2019–present

Kubilius has been a Member of the European Parliament since the 2019 elections. He joined European People's Party Group. In parliament, he has since been serving on the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy.[7] In this capacity, he is the parliament's rapporteur on relations with Russia.[8] Kubilius said it is "impossible" to have good relations with Russia and called for the EU to phase out its imports of oil and natural gas from Russia.[9] He praised Turkey for "proving thrice [in Syria, Libya and Nagorno-Karabakh] that the Kremlin fears the fist."[10]

In addition to his committee assignments, Kubilius is part of the parliament's delegations to the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly and to the EU-Ukraine Parliamentary Association Committee.[7] He is also a member of the Spinelli Group.[11]

In November 2021, Kubilius joined a group of seven Members of the European Parliament led by Raphaël Glucksmann to Taiwan to send a strong signal in support of the self-ruling island, despite a threat of retaliation from China.[12]

Personal life

Kubilius is married to Rasa Kubilienė, a violinist in the Lithuanian National Symphony Orchestra; the couple have two sons and three grandchildren. [13] Kubilius speaks Lithuanian, Russian and English.

References

  1. ^ a b LR Vyriausioji rinkimų komisija. Lietuvos Respublikos Seimo rinkimai Archived 15 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 24 November 2008
  2. ^ Gary Peach (September 8, 2010), History buff European Voice.
  3. ^ Lietuvos rytas A.Kubilius į premjerus - užtikrinta persvara Retrieved on 13 October 2016
  4. ^ Jr, Landon Thomas (2 April 2010). "From Lithuania, a View of Austerity's Costs". The New York Times.
  5. ^ "[Opinion] Lithuania's remarkable recovery".
  6. ^ "K. Girnius. Kubiliaus ir sveiko proto pergalė". Tspmi.
  7. ^ a b Andrius Kubilius European Parliament.
  8. ^ Hans von der Burchard (February 8, 2021), Von der Leyen backs Borrell amid calls for resignation over ‘humiliating’ Russia trip Politico Europe.
  9. ^ "EU Parliament touts Russia oil, gas import phase-out". Argus Media. 16 September 2021.
  10. ^ "A. Kubilius. The Karabakh Knot: who is stronger – Turkey or Russia?". 15min. 13 November 2020.
  11. ^ Board & Members Spinelli Group.
  12. ^ Sarah Anne Aarup and Stuart Lau (November 2, 2021), MEPs set to land in Taiwan on Tuesday, defying Beijing Politico Europe.
  13. ^ Gary Peach (September 8, 2010), History buff European Voice.
Political offices Preceded byIrena DegutienėActing Prime Minister of Lithuania 1999–2000 Succeeded byRolandas Paksas Preceded byGediminas Kirkilas Prime Minister of Lithuania 2008–2012 Succeeded byAlgirdas Butkevičius