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Angono
Municipality of Angono
Angono Municipal Hall
Nicknames: 
  • Art Capital of the Philippines
  • Home of the Higantes Festival
Motto(s): 
Angono: An Artist's Paradise, A Tourist's Haven
Map of Rizal with Angono highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Angono
Angono
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°31′24″N 121°09′13″E / 14.523375°N 121.153625°E / 14.523375; 121.153625Coordinates: 14°31′24″N 121°09′13″E / 14.523375°N 121.153625°E / 14.523375; 121.153625
CountryPhilippines
RegionCalabarzon
ProvinceRizal
District 1st district
FoundedAugust 19, 1938 [1]
Barangays10 (see Barangays)
Government
[2]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorJeri Mae E. Calderon
 • Vice MayorGerardo V. Calderon
 • RepresentativeMichael John R. Duavit
 • Municipal Council
Members
 • Electorate76,349 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total26.22 km2 (10.12 sq mi)
Elevation
52 m (171 ft)
Highest elevation
272 m (892 ft)
Lowest elevation
−1 m (−3 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [4]
 • Total130,494
 • Density5,000/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
 • Households
24,914
Economy
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence4.31% (2015)[5]
 • Revenue₱452,417,610.99 (2020)
 • Assets₱680,663,454.86 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱455,716,699.75 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱276,212,938.87 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityManila Electric Company (Meralco)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
1930
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)2
Native languagesTagalog
Patron saintSaint Clement I
Websitewww.angono.gov.ph

Angono (pronounced [äŋˈŋo̞no̞] or locally [äːˈŋo̞no̞]), officially the Municipality of Angono (Tagalog: Bayan ng Angono), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 130,494 people. [4]

It is best known as the "Art Capital of the Philippines", being the hometown of national artist for music Lucio San Pedro and national artist for visual arts Carlos "Botong" Francisco,[6] as well as the site of the Angono Petroglyphs, the oldest known work of art in the Philippines. It is currently campaigning for its inclusion in the UNESCO Creative Cities Network as it is a center for visual arts. It is also campaigning for the inclusion of the Angono Petroglyphs (1 of 5 properties of the Petroglyphs and Petrographs of the Philippines UNESCO tentative site) in the World Heritage List.

First created as a pueblo in 1766, Angono was a barrio of its neighboring town Taytay and Binangonan before it was legally proclaimed an independent municipality in 1938 by then President Manuel L. Quezon.

Etymology

The Name "Angono" was derived from the myth of Panguno which Comes from the word "Ang-uno" which means "The Dwarf"

Geography

Located 30 kilometres (19 mi) east of Manila, and with the continuous expansion of the metropolis, it is now considered part of Metro Manila's conurbation.

Barangays

Political map of Angono
Political map of Angono

Angono is politically subdivided into 10 barangays:[7]

Climate

Climate data for Angono, Rizal
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
30
(86)
32
(90)
34
(93)
33
(91)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
31
(87)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
21
(70)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
23
(73)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7
(0.3)
7
(0.3)
9
(0.4)
21
(0.8)
101
(4.0)
152
(6.0)
188
(7.4)
170
(6.7)
159
(6.3)
115
(4.5)
47
(1.9)
29
(1.1)
1,005
(39.7)
Average rainy days 3.3 3.5 4.8 8.1 18.9 23.5 26.4 25.5 24.5 19.6 10.4 6.4 174.9
Source: Meteoblue (modeled/calculated data, not measured locally)[8]

Demographics

Population census of Angono
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 2,231—    
1939 3,896+1.56%
1948 5,255+3.38%
1960 7,093+2.53%
1970 12,127+5.50%
1975 17,574+7.72%
1980 26,571+8.62%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1990 46,014+5.65%
1995 59,444+4.92%
2000 74,668+5.01%
2007 97,209+3.71%
2010 102,407+1.91%
2015 113,283+1.94%
2020 130,494+2.82%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[9][10][11][12]

In the 2020 census, the population of Angono, Rizal, was 130,494 people, [4] with a density of 5,000 inhabitants per square kilometre or 13,000 inhabitants per square mile.

Religion

Diocesan Shrine and Parish of St. Clement
Diocesan Shrine and Parish of St. Clement

Christianity is the major religion in the town, and the majority of all Christian denomination is Catholicism and a minority of Iglesia ni Cristo, Members Church of God International Born Again, Jehovah's Witnesses and more.

Catholic Churches:

Economy

There are several business establishments present in the booming town of Angono. The SM Center Angono is considered one of the major businesses in town. Trade and commerce are active, such data processing, pawnshops and banks as well. With nearly 100,000 inhabitants in this urbanized town, progress is at its peak. The proposed Angono Fish Port to be constructed at the lakeside shore of Laguna de Bay will soon boost more business opportunities and easier access from the nearby towns situated at the shores of the said lake.

Angono is known as the Arts Capital of the Philippines. With the existence of numerous business establishments and leisure hubs/historical sites, this town is surely a tourist destination.

Culture

World War II Monument, Junction
World War II Monument, Junction
One of the numerous public artworks in Angono
One of the numerous public artworks in Angono

Angono is the hometown of two national artists, Lucio San Pedro for music and Carlos "Botong" Francisco for visual arts.[6] One of the public schools in Barangay Mahabang Parang is named Carlos "Botong" V. Francisco Memorial National High School in honor of the said artist. The town also boasts of other artists like Nemi Miranda (also known as Nemiranda), Perdigon Vocalan, Jose "Pitok" Blanco and the Blanco Family. Around the town are artworks such as various sculptures and murals.

Angono also boasts of several actors/actresses Joey Hipolito, Freddie Reynoso, Zoraida Sanchez, Mike Tan, Nikki Gil, and BJ Tolits Forbes; GMA TV Host Herlene "Hipon" Budol; news anchor Sandra Aguinaldo and film director Cathy Garcia-Molina.

The artistic town of Angono celebrates the feast of Pope Clement I every November 22 to 23 of each year. There are times that this coincides with the feast of Christ the King. The celebration starts with the novena mass on the 14th till 22nd day of November, where devotees in prayer and thanksgiving dance in the church patio after each novena mass. The dancing is often accompanied by the symphonic/marching bands of Angono while church bells ring.

The town is currently campaigning for its inclusion in the UNESCO Creative Cities Network as a center for visual arts. It is also campaigning for the inclusion of the Angono Petroglyphs (1 of 5 properties of the Petroglyphs and Petrographs of the Philippines UNESCO tentative site) in the World Heritage List.

Bisperas Mayores

The Bisperas Mayores or the day before the feast day is celebrated with a parade of marching bands, drum and lyres sponsored by each barangay of Angono held in the morning and early afternoon. The morning parade usually starts in Rainbow Village and ends at the church patio where the devotees again dance in praise and thanksgiving while the marching bands play. The afternoon parade is also joined by papier-mâché higantes, local government officials and employees, commercial establishments in Angono, schools and other Angono socio and civic groups.

The celebration on the morning of November 23 starts with a concelebrated mass with the Bishop of Antipolo. The procession follows after the mass with parehadoras, higantes and devotees joining the image of St. Isidore the Laborer, Pope Clement I and the Virgin Mary in a procession leading to the banks of Laguna de Bay in Barangay San Vicente for the fluvial procession, fishes like kanduli, tilapia and bangus which are caught by the fishermen devotees during the fluvial procession are displayed near the image of Pope Clement I. The images, devotees and members of the band ride the pagoda for the procession in the lake which will disembark at another part of the Angono shoreline side of the lake in Barangay Poblacion Ibaba. The road procession will again start with merry making of parehadoras, higantes and wet devotees which will culminate in the church. Filipino artistry is truly alive in every celebration in Angono.

Cristo Rey

The feast of Christ the King which is held on the Sunday before the 1st Sunday of Advent usually coincides with the feast of Pope Clement I. The Viva San Clemente! celebration banners usually include “Mabuhay ang Kristong Hari!” slogans to remind the people that Christ is the Lord and to proclaim Christ as the King of all nations. This is also a reminder that Pope Clement I is only a servant of God which somehow does not need adoration of the people because our Lord has already given him the highest honor – a blessing of a Saint – Angono's patron and inspiration. Viva San Clemente

Pope Clement I was the fourth pope of the Catholic Church after Pope Peter the prince of the apostles, Pope Linus, and Pope Anacletus. He faithfully proclaimed Christ during his time and until his martyrdom by being thrown into the sea attached to an iron anchor. The people of Angono celebrate Pope Clement I's feast day with a fluvial procession in the waters of Laguna de Bay as a reminder and inspiration of his faith in God.

Higantes Festival

Main article: Higantes Festival

Higantes, along Angono Municipal Hall
Higantes, along Angono Municipal Hall

Angono's joyous fiesta in honor of Pope Clement I whose image, resplendent in papal vestments, is held November 22–23, and involves a procession accompanied by parehadoras devotees dressed in colorful local costumes, wooden shoes and carrying boat paddles and higantes, giant papier-mâché effigies. The street event culminates in fluvial procession at the Laguna de Bay amidst revelry that continues until the image is brought back to its sanctuary.

Higantes Festival is now promoted as tourism-generating event in the country. This attracts numerous tourists from all over the world.

It was said that the higantes started during the Spanish colonial times. When Angono was once a hacienda and ruled by Spanish hacienderos The Guido. The Angono land tillers' way of protesting their struggle was by making giant effigies of their landlords whose hands are usually high up on their waist.

The body of the traditional higante is made of bamboo and colorful cloth and its faces of papier-mâché. The three oldest higantes of Angono consists of a family of giants – the father, mother and child higante, they traditionally add color and fun during the fiesta celebration. It was in the 80s when then Angono artist Perdigon Vocalan brought the idea of the Higantes Festival by going out of the traditional family of giants and advocating having more higantes in the fiesta by coordinating with the barangays of Angono to come up with Higantes that will represent their barangay. At present, the Higantes of Angono can be seen in fiesta celebrations around the Philippines and in national cultural presentations, a highlight being the Centennial Parade in the Quirino Grandstand for the Philippine Centennial celebration in 1998.

The higantes are made of papier-mâché. Higantes measures four to five feet in diameter and ten to twelve feet in height. Traditionally, it began in the last century when Angono was a Spanish hacienda. These higantes were influenced by the Mexican art form of papier-mâché brought by the Spanish priests to the Philippines.

Parehadora

The traditional parehadoras are group of young girls holding paddles and wearing bakya or wooden slippers and dressed in a colorful outfit which joins the procession in the feast day of Pope Clement I. They usually march at the beat of the band playing alongside them. Now with a dying lake, the tradition of the Parehadora is now just a reminder that Angono was once a fishing village and thrives at the harvest of Laguna Lake.

Salubong

Black Saturday is highlighted by 3-hour presentation of “Vigilia na Muling Pagkabuhay” at the patio of the church. On Easter Sunday, a celebration is held as the reunion of the Risen Christ with Virgin Mary is reenacted. It is facilitated by a young girl inside an inverted giant paper flower suspended from a bamboo trellis who removes the mourning veil from Mary's head. The petals of the suspended flower are mechanically opened by giant birds attached to strings to reveal the girl inside. It is then followed by a religious dancing of young ladies called “Kapitana” and “Tenyenta”, to the tune of “Bati”.

Local government

Angono Municipal Hall
Angono Municipal Hall

Current municipal council:

  1. Jo Anne Saguinsin (NPC)
  2. Sherween Lagaya (NP)
  3. Patnubay Tiamson (NP)
  4. Armando Villamayor (NPC)
  5. Bryan Cruz (NPC)
  6. Leah Villalon (NPC)
  7. Roberto Sison, Jr. (NPC)
  8. Jose Ruben Unidad (NPC)

List of local chief executives

Name Title Served (From) Until
Antonio P. Ibañez Mayor 1938 1940
Domingo S. Villamayor Mayor 1940 1946
Demetrio Tolentino Mayor 1946 1947
Antonio P. Ibañez Mayor 1947 1950
Ponciano A. Rivera Mayor 1950 1951
Roman S. Reyes Mayor 1951 1955
Saturnino V. Tiamson Mayor 1955 1957
Ponciano A. Rivera Mayor 1957 1972
Saturnino V. Tiamson Mayor 1972 1986
Nemesio B. Miranda OIC 1986 1988
Vivencio B. Villamayor Mayor 1988 1995
Saturnino V. Tiamson Mayor 1995 1998
Gerardo V. Calderon Mayor 1998 2007
Aurora A. Villamayor Mayor 2007 2010
Gerardo V. Calderon Mayor 2010 2019
Jeri Mae E. Calderon Mayor 2019 present

Education

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Schools:

Health institutions

See also

References

  1. ^ https://m.facebook.com/notes/ang-nuno/kasaysayan-ng-angono-rizal-mula-sa-panahon-ng-mga-espanyol-hanggang-sa-panahon-n/134643163253506/
  2. ^ Municipality of Angono | (DILG)
  3. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  4. ^ a b c Census of Population (2020). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  5. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  6. ^ a b "'Higantes': Art engraved in Angono | Inquirer News".
  7. ^ "Province: Rizal". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  8. ^ "Angono: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  9. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  10. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  11. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  12. ^ "Province of Rizal". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  13. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  14. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  18. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.