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Anna Wiktoria German-Tucholska (14 February 1936 – 26  August 1982) was a Polish singer, immensely popular in  Poland and in the Soviet Union in the 1960s–1970s. She released over a dozen music albums with songs in Polish, as well as several albums with Russian repertoire. Throughout her music career, she also recorded songs in the German, Italian, Spanish, English, and Latin languages.
Anna German was a
Polish and Russian-language singer. She was born in the city of Urgench in Uzbekistan in Central Asia, then the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic of the Soviet Union. Her mother, Irma Martens, was a descendant of Plautdietsch-speaking Mennonites invited to Russia by Empress Catherine the Great. Her accountant father, Eugen (Eugeniusz) Hörmann (in Russian, Герман), was also of a German–Russian pastor family and born during travel in Łódź in Congress Poland (the Russian Empire), now in Poland. Eugen Hörmann's father, Anna's grandfather, Friedrich Hörmann, who had studied theology at Łódź, was in 1929 incarcerated in Gulag Plesetsk by communists for being a priest; he died there. In 1937, during the NKVD's anti-German operation, Eugen Hörmann was arrested in Urgench on false charges of spying, and executed (officially, sentenced to ten years in prison). Thereafter, Anna and her mother and grandmother survived in the Kemerovo Region of Siberia, as well as in Tashkent, and later in the Kirghiz and Kazakh SSRs.
In 1946, her mother (who had married Herman Gerner, a
Polish People's Army soldier) was able to take the family to Silesia, first to Nowa Ruda and in 1949 to Wrocław.
German quickly learned Polish and several other languages and grew up hiding her family heritage. She graduated from the Geological Institute of the
University of Wrocław. During her university years, she began her music career at the Kalambur Theater. German became known to the general public when she won the 1964 II Festival of Polish Songs in Opole with her song Tańczące Eurydyki ('Dancing Eurydices'). One year later, she won the first prize in the Sopot International Song Festival.
German performed in the
Marché international de l'édition musicale in Cannes, as well as on the stages of Belgium, Germany, United States, Canada and Australia.
She also sang in Russian, English, Italian, Spanish, Latin, German and
Mongolian. In 2001, six of her Polish albums were reissued on CDs. In recent years, many  compilation albums of her songs have also been released in both Russia and Poland.
Career in Italy
In December 1966 in
Milan, German signed a contract with the CDI company to release her records, thus becoming the first performer from behind the " Iron Curtain" who recorded in Italy. In Italy, German had performed at the Sanremo Music Festival, starred in a television show, recorded a programme with the singer Domenico Modugno, performed at the festival of Neapolitan songs in Sorrento and received the "Oscar della simpatia" award.
Car accident and treatment
On 27 August 1967, while in Italy, on the road between
Forlì and Milan, Anna German was involved in a severe car accident. At high speed, the car driven by the impresario of the singer crashed into a concrete fence. Anna was thrown from the car through the windshield. She suffered multiple fractures, internal injuries. The results of the investigation revealed that the driver of the car – her manager Renato Serio – fell asleep at the wheel. He escaped with a fracture of the hand and feet.
After the accident, German had not regained consciousness. After the plaster was taken off, the singer still lay in a hospital bed for half a year. Then it took her a few months to relearn to sit and walk.
Later, she released the autobiographical book "Come Back to Sorrento?"("Wróć do Sorrento?"), dedicated to the Italian period of her career. The book's circulation was 30,000 copies.
Career in the Soviet Union
In the 1970s, German toured, performed and recorded in the
Soviet Union. She had become an acclaimed and popular artist there.
On 23 March 1972, she married Zbigniew Tucholski. Their son,
Zbigniew, was born on 27 November 1975. In the last years of her life, she composed some church songs. Before she died of osteosarcoma at 46 in 1982, she joined the Seventh-day Adventist Church. German was buried at  Warsaw Evangelical cemetery.
Anna loved to cook
oriental dishes. Her favorite foods were boiled potatoes with herring, pickles, pies with cabbage, black tea with lemon, and oatmeal cookies. She did not consume alcohol.
Anna German's star on the Walk of Fame in
The main street in
Urgench, Uzbekistan, the birthplace of Anna German, bears her name. The
asteroid 2519 Y discovered in 1975 by Russian astronomer Tamara Smirnova was named in honour of Anna German. The
amphitheatre in Zielona Góra, Poland, has been named in Anna German's memory. In 2002, the
Song Festival aimed at popularizing the musical legacy of Anna German and Polish popular music was launched. Tańczące Eurydyki The Anna German Musical High School in
Białystok bears the name of the singer. In 2012, a
commemorative plaque was unveiled in Wrocław at the entrance to the house where Anna German used to live. In 2012, a Russian
biographical mini-series (co-produced with Poland, Ukraine and Croatia) about the life of Anna German was filmed. A star on the
Moscow Walk of Fame honouring Anna German was unveiled. Several streets in Polish cities including
Warsaw and Rzeszów were named in remembrance of the singer. In 2013, a star on the Walk of Fame of the National Festival of Polish Song in Opole devoted to Anna German was unveiled.
Books about Anna German
1974 Nagrabiecki Jan:
Anna German. 1974 Aleksander Zygariov:
Anna German. 1988 Aleksander Zygariov:
Anna German. 1998 (reissue) Mariola Pryzwan:
. 1999 Wspomnienia o Annie German Adriana Polak:
. 2000 Człowieczy los. Wspomnienia o Annie German Artur Hörmann:
. 2003 (The book was written by the uncle of Anna and brother her father Eugene Herman) Die unbekannte Anna German Mariola Pryzwan:
. 2008 Tańcząca Eurydyka. Wspomnienia o Annie German
Ivan Ilichev: Анна Герман – Гори, гори, моя звезда!. 2010 Jordan Naoum:
Anna German. 2011 ISBN 6138327977 Mariola Pryzwan:
. 2012 Anna German o sobie Ivan Ilichev:
Мы долгое эхо (We long echo). 2012 Mariola Pryzwan:
. 2013 Tańcząca Eurydyka. Anna German we wspomnieniach Marzena Baranowska:
. 2013 German. Osobisty album Anny German Ivan Ilichev:
Анна Герман. Белый ангел песни (White angel of the song). 2013
German. Śpiewający anioł. Super album. 2013 Ivan Ilichev:
Эхо любви (Echoes of love). 2013 Volga Yerafeyenka:
. 2014 Anna German. „Uśmiechaj się” Irma Martens-Berner:
. 2014, Człowieczy los. Wspomnienia matki Anny German ISBN 978-83-7295-299-8 (Consultants books: son A. German, Dr. Zbigniew I. Tucholsky and her husband, engineer Zbigniew A. Tucholsky) Ivan Ilichev: Анна Герман. Сто воспоминаний о великой певице (Anna German. A hundred memories of great singer). 2016
(Come Back to Sorrento?...) „Wróć do Sorrento?...”
(The tale of the winged Starling). The book is written by Anna to her son Bajka o skrzydlatym szpaku 1988 «Вернись в Сорренто?...»
 translated from Polish into Russian by R. Bello 2002
reissue „Wróć do Sorrento?...” 2012 reissue „Wróć do Sorrento?...”
(1964) [Onto that shore] Na tamten brzeg
(1965) [Dancing Eurydices] Tańczące Eurydyki
(1967) [A recital of songs] Recital piosenek
I classici della musica napoletana (1967) [Classics of the Canzone Napoletana]
(1970) [Fate of Man] Człowieczy los
(1971) [Domenico Scarlatti – Arias from opera Tetide in Sciro] Domenico Scarlatti – Arie z opery Tetide in Sciro
(1972) [Wind lives in wild poplars] Wiatr mieszka w dzikich topolach
(1974) [It has to be May] To chyba maj
(1979) [Think about me] Pomyśl o mnie
(1979) [Only in tango/Summer is all around] Tylko w tangu/Dookoła kipi lato
(1979) [Anna German is singing] Śpiewa Anna German
Надежда (Nadezhda, 1980) [Hope] Последняя встреча ( , 1982) [Last meeting] Poslednyaya vstrecha
The Man I Love" (1964) "
" / " Deszcz na szybie " (1967) Uroczysko "
" / " Chcę być kochaną " (1967) Cygański wóz "
" / " Cyganeria " (1967) Zimowe dzwony "
" / " Melodia dla synka " (1969) Jesteś moją miłością "
" / " Człowieczy los " (1970) Dziękuje ci mamo "
" / " Gałązka snów " (1970) Trampowski szlak "
" / " Złociste mgły " (1970) Za grosiki marzeń "
" / " A mama asi como " (1971) Quadro cartas " " / " Warszawa w różach " (1972) Wiatr mieszka w dzikich topolach
Later reprints and compilation albums
LP Jesteś moja miłością 1987: Эхо любви (Echo lubvi) – live '79 LP
1989: Anna German LP
LP Znaki zapytania 1990:
vol. 1 LP Powracające słowa 1990:
vol. 2 LP Powracające słowa 1991:
CD Zakwitnę różą 1991:
CD Recital piosenek 1994:
CD Nasza ścieżka 1994:
MC Złote przeboje neapolitanskie 1995:
part 1 MC Planeta Anna 1995:
part 2 MC Planeta Anna 1996: Незабытый мотив (Nezabitiy motiv) CD
1996: Лучшие песни (Luchshie pesni) CD
1998: Когда цвели сады (Kogda tsveli sadi) CD
CD Wiatr mieszka w dzikich topolach 1999:
CD Tańczące Eurydyki 1999:
CD Platynowa kolekcja 1999:
CD Złote przeboje 1999:
CD Bal u Posejdona (Złota kolekcja) 1999: Антология советского шлягера (Antologia sovetskogo shlagera) MC
2000: Анна Герман. Российская эстрадная музыкальная энциклопедия (Rossiyskaya estradnaya muzikalnaya encyclopaedia) CD
2000: Последняя встреча (Poslednyaya vstrecha) CD
2001: Quiet words of love (Russian) (Любви негромкие слова) CD
2001: Ваши любимые песни (Vashi lyubimie pesni) CD
CD Tańczące Eurydyki 2001:
CD Recital piosenek 2001:
CD Człowieczy los 2001:
CD Wiatr mieszka w dzikich topolach 2001: Domenico Scarlatti –
"Tetida in Sciro" CD Arie z opery 2001:
CD To chyba maj 2001:
CD Pomyśl o mnie 2001: Luchshee – Zvyozdi sovetskoy estradi CD
CD Najlepsze piosenki 2003: Наши лучшие песни (Nashi lyubimie pesni) CD
collection CD Człowiecy los 2003: Золотой век русской эстрады (Zolotoy vek russkoy estrady) CD
2003: Посидим, помолчим. Полное собрание песен (Posidim, pomolchim) vol.1 CD
2003: Спасибо тебе мое сердце. Полное собрание песен (Spasibo tebe moyo serdtse) vol.2 CD
CD Złote przeboje 2004: Самое лучшее (Samoe luchshee) CD
2007: MP3 collection
CD Tańczące Eurydyki 2019: Анна Герман. Избранное LP
(documentary) – ensemble cast Marynarka to męska przygoda 1970:
( Landscape After the Battle ) Krajobraz po bitwie 1970:
– singing Prom 1970:
(TV show) – singing Balladyna 1970:
(short film) Wyspy szczęśliwe. Śpiewa Anna German 1977:
(film) – singing Sudba Echo Miłości 2012: Anna German (Russian TV series) – singing (her songs have been used in the series)
Media related to
at Wikimedia Commons
title=Poland in the Eurovision Song Contest
Poland in the Eurovision Song Contest 1979
Succeeded byto the 1994 contest