Anna Marie Roos is a historian of early modern English science, noted for her research on the early Royal Society. She is a professor in the School of History and Heritage at the University of Lincoln, a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, a Fellow of the Linnean Society, and the Editor-in-Chief of Notes and Records.
Anna Marie Roos obtained a PhD in History from the University of Colorado in 1997. She was an assistant and then associate professor at the University of Minnesota Duluth from 1999-2006, The Lister Research Fellow at the University of Oxford from 2009-2012, and a research associate at the Museum for the History of Science in Oxford from 2009 to 2013. Roos was a visiting fellow at All Souls College, Oxford, Huntington Fellow and Beinecke Fellow (declined) in 2017.
In 2013, Roos began work at the University of Lincoln. She became the Editor-in-Chief of Notes and Records in 2018. Under her editorship, the first in a series of video interviews was published and the number of entries to the Essay prize significantly increased.
Roos was elected Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries in 2013.
Roos' work concerns early modern English science and the early history of the Royal Society. She studied the naturalist Martin Lister and his daughters Anna and Susanna, who engraved the images for the book Historiae Conchyliorum and were some of the first women to use a microscope. Roos detailed how Anna and Susanna became illustrators from their teenage years and that their work was used by their father because he considered that even the best professional engravers were not sufficiently reliable. Her book, Martin Lister and his Remarkable Daughters, was published by the Bodleian Library in 2018.
Roos' book Goldfish, one of Reaktion Books' Animal series, was published in September 2019. The book was dedicated to a pet goldfish she owned as a child, named Speedy.
Her other books include Web of Nature: Martin Lister (1639-1712): the first scientific arachnologist (Brill, 2011); Salt of the Earth: Natural Philosophy, Chymistry and Medicine 1650-1750 (Brill, 2007), the first volume of the corpus of Lister’s correspondence (2015, Winner of John Thackray Medal), as well as Archival Afterlives: Life, Death, and Knowledge-Making in Early Modern British Scientific and Medical Archives (Brill), co-edited with Vera Keller and Elizabeth Yale. Her next book, Martin Folkes (1690-1754): Newtonian, Antiquary, Connoisseur will be published with Oxford University Press in 2021.
In 2020, during the Coronavirus disease pandemic, Roos was interviewed by National Geographic on the effect of pandemics on ancient cities. She discussed plague outbreaks and quarantine in Venice in the early modern era.