The Great Red spot on Jupiter is considered as an Anticyclone storm system. [1]
The Great Red spot on Jupiter is considered as an Anticyclone storm system. [1]
Anticyclonic cloud system taken above the Pacific Ocean by the 41-B crew.
Anticyclonic cloud system taken above the Pacific Ocean by the 41-B crew.

An anticyclonic storm is a storm with a high-pressure center, in which winds flow in the direction opposite to that of the flow above a region of low pressure.[2] These storms can create powerful mesoanticylonic supercell storms that can generate anticyclonic tornadoes. Examples include the anticyclonic blizzard of 2018, Hartmut, and Neptune's anticyclonic cloud system.

Description

Anticyclonic storms usually form around high-pressure systems where air moves apart and sinks.[3] Air at the center of these storms is forced away from the high pressure zones and replaced by a downdraft of air from higher altitudes.[3] Anticyclonic storms have fewer clouds than cyclonic storms, due to a lower humidity. This lower humidity is caused by the air compressing and heating up as it moves downward.[3]

Anticyclonic storms, as high-pressure systems, usually accompany cold weather and are frequently a factor in large snowstorms. Along a cold front, an anticyclonic storm is called a wave, frontal, or mid-latitude anticyclonic storm when they are connected to a weather front. Due to the Coriolis effect, anticyclonic storms involve clockwise flow in the Northern Hemisphere and counterclockwise flow in the Southern Hemisphere.

Antimesocyclonic supercells

Supercells are long-lasting convective storms that are formed when thunderstorms are accompanied by strong vertical wind shear.[4] For an antimesocyclone to form, there must be strong convective energy for cloud systems to be heavily reinforced with moist air.[5] A supercell has a rotating updraft (mid-altitude mesocyclone) and a downdraft. The rotating updraft typically moves to the right. When it moves to the left (anticyclonically), mesoanticylonic super-cells are created. Anticyclonic supercells can produce hail storms,[4] but rarely produce anticyclonic tornados.

Anticyclonic tornadoes

Tornadoes' vortices are low-pressure regions, but tornadoes rotate anticyclonically because tornadoes occur on a small enough scale that Coriolis effect is negligible. Anticyclonic supercells can go through tornadogenesis to develop into anticyclonic tornadoes.[4]

Examples

See also

References

  1. ^ Society, National Geographic (2011-12-13). "Jupiter's Great Red Spot". National Geographic Society. Retrieved 2021-04-16.
  2. ^ Black, Patrick (2015-12-11). "Antarctic Anticyclone Sending Two NASA Scientific Balloons Flying". NASA. Retrieved 2021-04-16.
  3. ^ a b c "A Major Difference Between Cyclones & Anticyclones Is What?". Sciencing. Retrieved 2021-04-16.
  4. ^ a b c Davies-Jones, Robert (2015). "A review of supercell and tornado dynamics". Atmospheric Research. 158–159: 274–291. Bibcode:2015AtmRe.158..274D. doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2014.04.007. ISSN 0169-8095.
  5. ^ a b c Hueso R, Guillot T, Sánchez-Lavega A (2020). "Convective storms and atmospheric vertical structure in Uranus and Neptune". Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences. 378 (2187): 20190476. arXiv:2111.15494. Bibcode:2020RSPTA.37890476H. doi:10.1098/rsta.2019.0476. PMC 7658788. PMID 33161859.