Apache ODE
Developer(s)Apache Software Foundation
Final release
1.3.8 / March 23, 2018; 5 years ago (2018-03-23)
RepositoryODE Repository
Written inJava
Operating systemCross-platform
TypeWorkflow engine, Middleware
LicenseApache License 2.0

Apache ODE (Apache Orchestration Director Engine) is a software coded in Java as a workflow engine to manage business processes which have been expressed in the Web Services Business Process Execution Language (WS-BPEL) via a website. It was made by the Apache Software Foundation and released in a stable format on March 23, 2018. The software principally communicates with one or more Web services, sending and receiving messages, manipulating data and handling exceptions (errors) as defined by any given process. The engine is capable of running both long and short living processes to coordinate all the services that make up a service or application (orchestration).[1]

As of August 2019, development of the software has been discontinued, and the project has been moved into the Apache Attic.[2]


WS-BPEL itself is based upon the XML language and includes a number of ways in which business processes can be expressed. These include conditional clauses, repeating loops, calls to web services and the exchange of messages. Where interfaces with web services are required, it makes use of Web Services Description Language (WSDL) to express them. Messages can be handled in a flexible way by reading either part or all of the message into variables, which can then be used for onward communication.

The engine has two communication layers, with which it interacts with the outside world:[3]



Apache ODE is embedded in the Jboss projects RiftSaw (WS-BPEL 2.0 engine) and also in the follow-up Switchyard, which is a service delivery framework for service-oriented applications.

See also


  1. ^ Brown, Paul (September 3, 2007). "An Introduction to Apache ODE". InfoQ. Retrieved January 11, 2024.
  2. ^ "Apache ODE (Orchestration Director Engine)". Apache Attic. Apache Software Foundation. Retrieved 17 February 2020.
  3. ^ "How to deploy an Axis2 Web service programatically in ODE during the initialization of ODE Runtime". Denis's Blog. Retrieved 2011-05-16. Apache ODE (Orchestration Director Engine) executes business processes written following the WS-BPEL standard. It has two communication layers. One is Axis2 integration layer and the other one is based on JBI standard. Those integration layers are used by ODE BPEL Engine Runtime for interact with the outside world. Axis2 integration layer supports for communicate via Web Service interactions. JBI integration layer supports for communicate via JBI messages.