This section contains information of unclear or questionable importance or relevance to the article's subject matter. Please help improve this section by clarifying or removing indiscriminate details. If importance cannot be established, the section is likely to be moved to another article, pseudo-redirected, or removed.Find sources: "Apple ID" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (January 2023) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Apple ID
Type of site
Single sign-on
Available inEnglish
OwnerApple Inc.
Founder(s)Steve Jobs
URLappleid.apple.com
CommercialIndirectly
Written inEnglish

Apple ID is a user account by Apple for their devices and software. Apple IDs contain the user's personal data and settings. When an Apple ID is used to log in to an Apple device, the device will automatically use the data and settings associated with the Apple ID.[1]

Usage

Creation of account

An Apple ID account can be created on the My Apple ID web page.[2] Modification

Users can change their passwords or personal information on the My Apple ID page by selecting the "Manage your account" link. Changes that a user makes to an Apple ID account, whilst they are using one Apple product,[3] are also recognized by other applications where the user uses the same Apple ID account (for example, the online Apple Store, iCloud, or iPhoto).[4] Apple will send a verification email to the email address provided and the user is required to follow the URL included in the verification email to confirm the changes. After confirming the changes, users may still be asked to verify their information the next time they use their Apple ID to purchase online, such as using the iTunes Store.

Apple also allows users to change the name of an Apple ID but users must contact Apple customer service to make such a change.[citation needed]

Multiple Apple IDs

Users can use different Apple IDs for their store purchases and their iCloud storage and other uses. This includes many MobileMe users who have always had difficulties as they were forced to use more than one Apple ID, because on signing up to the MobileMe service a new Apple ID was automatically created using the me.com email address being created at the time, meaning users could not change their previous Apple ID email address to be their me.com email address and has always remained so. Apple does not permit different accounts to be merged.[5] However, if one account is disabled (in most cases, due to fraudulent transactions or other abusive activity or for security reasons), any other accounts associated with the primary account will also be disabled, and the user cannot create any new accounts until the affected account has been unlocked.[6]

Apple Online Store

Main article: Apple Store

An Apple ID is not required to place an order on the App Store. Apple lets buyers place orders on its online store without an Apple ID by using the Guest Checkout Feature. An Apple ID and the Guest Checkout Feature both allow the customer to access order info such as invoices, check the order status, and track the shipping package. However, Apple IDs allow users to customize their Apple Online Store experiences. Users can save items they are interested in purchasing; save a cart if they are almost ready to place an order; save shipping and billing addresses and payment information to speed up the checkout process; use 1-Click ordering on Apple's website and check Apple Gift Card balances.[7]

iCloud

Main article: iCloud

iCloud allows users to store data such as music and iOS applications on remote computer servers[8] for download to multiple devices such as iOS-based devices running iOS 5 or later,[9] and personal computers running OS X 10.7.2 Lion or later, or Microsoft Windows (Windows Vista service pack 2 or later). iCloud replaced Apple's MobileMe service,[10] acting as a data syncing center for email, contacts, calendars, bookmarks, notes, reminders (to-do lists), iWork documents, photos and other data. The service also allows users to wirelessly back up their iOS devices to iCloud instead of manually doing so using iTunes.

Every Apple ID comes with 5 GB of free storage. More storage is available with a subscription.

Security

An Apple ID is a valid email address, protected by a password set by the user of at least eight characters.[11] Apple will send a verification email to the email address the user provided and the user is required to follow the URL included in the verification email to activate the account. It is possible to create an Apple ID without specifying a credit card.[12]

In March 2013, Apple launched two-factor authentication for Apple ID. The feature uses the Find My service to send a four-digit pin code to a trusted device associated with the Apple ID when the second verification step is required for authentication.[13]

On June 9, 2019, Apple unveiled a single sign-on provider built around Apple ID known as "Sign In with Apple". Based on OAuth 2.0 and OpenID Connect, it is designed as a privacy-focused alternative to other social login services, minimizing the amount of personal information sent to a service, and allowing the use of disposable email addresses forwarding to the user's Apple ID email.[14][15]

Retrieval

An Apple ID may be disabled for security reasons if the password is entered incorrectly multiple times. The user will be warned with a message when the account has been disabled.[16] Apple IDs and passwords can be retrieved by answering account security questions on iForgot or by resetting from a trusted device with iCloud enabled and an unlock passcode set.[16][17] For security reasons, if Recovery Key or Two-Step Verification (not Two-Factor Authentication) is turned on, Apple will not reset the password for an Apple ID account.[18] To reset the password when these security features are enabled, both the Recovery Key and at least one trusted device is required.[19]

Disabled accounts

Another error is "Your Apple ID has been disabled" without specific disclosure of a reason. The cause of this suspension is most likely due to a violation of the Apple Media Services Terms and Conditions (i.e., due to scams and other fraudulent activities) and resetting one's password does not clear it.[20] It has been reported as occurring on iOS devices as well as on Macs and PCs. One can request a review of an Apple ID by contacting iTunes Store support at www.apple.com/support/itunes. As of August 2021, due to the accuracy of the system, the decisions to disable Apple IDs are rarely overturned, as the likelihood that the system would incorrectly disable any given Apple ID is less than one in one trillion per year (most likely due to CSAM detection, a safety feature that Apple had proposed but was later shelved).[21]

In both of the above cases, the user's profile will not be visible to anyone on iMessage or FaceTime, and they will not be able to sign in. The issue needs to be resolved within a set period (approximately 14–30 days in most cases). If too much time has passed since the Apple ID has been disabled, it will be permanently disabled and the user can no longer unlock it nor create any new Apple IDs.

Encryption

Every iCloud automatically has standard data protection. All data is encrypted, and encryption keys are stored securely in apple data centers to assist in case of account recovery. Only certain data is end-to-end encrypted, including iCloud Mail, Photos, and health data. In total, fourteen services are end-to-end encrypted.

Additionally, Apple offers Advanced Data Protection for iCloud, which is targeted at an audience of politicians, journalists, and other people who have important data on their iCloud accounts. With this, twenty-three services are end-to-end encrypted. If you lose access to an account with Advanced Data Protection, it is more difficult to recover the account.[22]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Apple ID - Official Apple Support". support.apple.com. Retrieved 2022-12-31.
  2. ^ "My Apple ID". Apple. Archived from the original on 19 May 2019. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
  3. ^ "Apple plans to launch 'entirely new phone'". Archived from the original on 2015-06-15. Retrieved 2015-06-12.
  4. ^ "Change your Apple ID password". Apple. Archived from the original on 2014-02-28. Retrieved 2013-09-14.
  5. ^ "Apple to let multiple Apple IDs merge, report says". CNET. CBS Interactive. 16 September 2011. Archived from the original on 9 November 2011. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
  6. ^ "App Store stopped nearly $1.5 billion in fraudulent transactions in 2021". Apple Inc. Archived from the original on 2022-06-01. Retrieved 2022-06-01.
  7. ^ "Benefits of an Apple ID". Apple Inc. Archived from the original on 2015-07-06. Retrieved 2013-09-14.
  8. ^ "Where can I use my Apple ID?". Apple Inc. Archived from the original on 2017-06-10. Retrieved 2017-01-05.
  9. ^ "System Requirements for ICloud". Archived from the original on May 30, 2014. Retrieved June 30, 2012.
  10. ^ "4th Time a Charm for Apple? From iDisk to.Mac to MobileMe to iCloud". Wired. May 31, 2011. Archived from the original on June 11, 2011. Retrieved June 13, 2011.
  11. ^ "Security and your Apple ID". Apple. May 19, 2018. Archived from the original on August 24, 2019. Retrieved August 24, 2019.
  12. ^ "Create or use an Apple ID without a payment method". Apple. Archived from the original on 2014-10-10. Retrieved 2013-09-14.
  13. ^ "Apple Strengthens iCloud Security With 2-Step Authentication". The New York Times. 21 March 2013. Archived from the original on 24 March 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
  14. ^ "App Makers Are Mixed on 'Sign In With Apple'". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. Archived from the original on 2020-03-04. Retrieved 2020-05-05.
  15. ^ Perez, Sarah. "Answers to your burning questions about how 'Sign In with Apple' works". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on November 27, 2019. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
  16. ^ a b "If your Apple ID is locked or disabled". Apple. Archived from the original on 2014-10-18. Retrieved 2013-09-14.
  17. ^ "If you forgot your Apple ID password". Archived from the original on 2022-02-16. Retrieved 2022-02-17.
  18. ^ "Two-step verification for Apple ID". Archived from the original on 2021-12-12. Retrieved 2021-12-04.
  19. ^ "How to generate a recovery key". Archived from the original on 2020-12-15. Retrieved 2020-12-10.
  20. ^ "Apple permanently disabled my account for App Store and iTunes..." Apple Inc. Archived from the original on 2021-12-04. Retrieved 2021-12-03.
  21. ^ "Expanded Protections for Children: Frequently Asked Questions" (PDF). Apple Inc. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2021-08-19. Retrieved 2021-08-21.
  22. ^ "iCloud data security overview". Apple Support. Retrieved 2023-01-20.