Archduke Franz Josef of Austria, Prince of Tuscany
Born(1905-02-04)4 February 1905
Vienna, Austria[1]
Died9 May 1975(1975-05-09) (aged 70)
Hernstein, Austria.
Spouse& 1937 Marta Baumer (1906- 1987) & 1962 Maria Elena Seunig, Condesa de Basus (1925 -1994)
IssuePatricia Gräfin von Habsburg-Lothringen b. 23 Apr 1963
HouseHouse of Habsburg-Lorraine (by birth)
FatherArchduke Leopold Salvator of Austria
MotherInfanta Blanca of Spain

Archduke Franz Josef of Austria- Tuscany German: Franz Josef, Erzherzog von Österreich-Toskana (born in Vienna 4 February 1905 - died Hernstein, Austria 9 May 1975 was the fourth son of Archduke Leopold Salvator, Prince of Tuscany and Infanta Blanca of Spain. At the fall of Habsburg monarchy he moved to Barcelona, where he became a naturalized Spanish citizen. He maried morgnatically twice and had a daughter from his second marriage. At the death of his younger brother Karl Pios he assumed the leadershipof the carlos octavism movemnet. he made an unequal marraige in 1937 With marta Bauemr, divorced daughter of an army officer, from whom he was divorced several years later. during World ar II he lived in the United States, wehre he worked as in the forestry industry. In 19555 he returned to Austria, where he later married again. he inherited the Carlist pretensions to the Spansih trhone from his brother Karl Pious and called himself Duke of Madrid. he died in 1975.


Archduke Franz Josef of Austria was born on February 4, 1905 in Vienna, the nineth child and fourth son of Archduke Leopold Salvator of Austria and Infanta Blanca of Spain. His father, Archduke Leopold Salvator of Austria , a memeber of the Tuscan line of the Habsburg family and thus a descendant of Emperor Leopold II, had been Inspector Generall of the austrain Artilley and Commander of the 18th infnatry regiment. Franz Josef, mother, Infanta Blanca of Spain, was the eldest daughter of Carlos, Duke of Madrid, who had been a Carlos (VII) pretender to the Spanish throne).[2] Archduke Franz Josef was given the baptismal names Franz Josef Karl Leopold Blanka Adelgunde Ignatius Rafael Michael von Habsburg-Lothringen. Archduke Franz Josef early years coincided with the last period of the Habsburg monarchy. His childhood was spent in the various properties owned by his parents enjoying a comfortable and privilege life. The family's main residences were the Palais Toskana in the district of Wiede in Viena and Schloss Wilhelminenberg , on the Eastern slopes of the Gallitzinberg. Due to World War I Franz Josef was not educated by private tutors like his three eldest brothers had been, but was sent instead to Stella matutina, a Catholic school for boys run by Jesuits priest in Feldkirch. He shared the same classoroom with Prince Gaetan of Bourbon Parma, the youngest brother of Empress Zita.[3] At the fall of Habsburg monarchy, the republican government of Austria confiscated all the properties of the Habsburgs. Franz Josef' family lost all its fortune.[4] His two eldest brothers, Archdukes Rainer and Leopold, decided to remain in Austria and recognized the new republic. The rest of the family emigrated to Spain. In January 1919 the family arrived in Barcelona were they settled for over a decade. To continue his education, Franz Joseph was sent to Bonanova, a boarding school run by catholic priest.[5] In 1926, Archduke Franz Josef officially became a Spanish citizen with the name Francisco José Carlos de Habsburgo y Borbón. While completing his education, Franz Joseph worked in Barcelona as a garage mechanic.[3] He graduated from the Peritaje industrial de Terraza and the Barcelona School of Agriculture and obtained his license as a pilot at the Marine Flying School]].[6]. He purchased a small airplane with his brother Archduke Anton, and they worked giving flying tours over Barcelona. In the Turmoil of Spain's Civil War, Archduke Franz Joseph returned to Austria. He initally lived with his widowed mother and his unmarried sibling, Archuchess Dolores and Archduke Carlos Pio.[7]. Working in advertisin,g he moved to Paris where he found employment in tourism promotion for two airlines.[7]. While on a vist to Berlin he fell in love with an austrain emigree Marta Baumer (1906- 1987) who had divorce Baron von Kahlera a wealthy Czech sugar exporter. She was a daughter of Andreas Rudolf, an army officer, and Anna Cxswe3ountess di Locatelli.[8] With his mother aproval Archduke Franz Joseph married Martha Baumer in London on 22 July 1937. Theirs was a morgantic marriage.[9] The couple settled in France. During World War II, the archduke emigrated with His wife to the United States. The couple settled in Franconia, New Hampshire where he worked in the agricultural and forestry industry. After the war, the couple returned to urope. They lived for sometime in Madrid and in [[Berne Village (Lower Austria). His marriage with Martha Baumer was childless and ended in divorce in 1954. From 1955 he lived again in Austria and worked in the agricultural and forestry industryArchduke Franz Josef married, secondly, Maria Elena Seunig, Condesa de Basus, daughter of Egon Seunig and Nella Penelope Gialdini, on 21 January 1962 at [[Zürich, Switzerland. The couple had one daughter:

At the death of his brothers Karl Pious in 1953 and Leopold in 1958 Archduke Franz Josef of Austria inherited the Carlist pretensions to the Spansih trhone from them as a nepwhe of Jaime, Duke of Madrid. he assumed the title of Duke of Madrid and was involved in the carlist movement. He died on 9 May 1975 at Hernstein, Austria.

  1. ^ Harding, Lost Waltz, p. 20
  2. ^ Harding, Lost Waltz, p. 19
  3. ^ a b Harding, Lost Waltz, p. 36
  4. ^ McIntosh, The Unknown Habsburgs, p. 48
  5. ^ Harding, Lost Waltz, p. 115
  6. ^ Harding, Lost Waltz, p. 191
  7. ^ a b Harding, Lost Waltz, p. 219
  8. ^ Harding, Lost Waltz, p. 245
  9. ^ Harding, Lost Waltz, p. 254