This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in German. (November 2012) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the German article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 6,764 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at [[:de:Rainer von Österreich (1827–1913)]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|de|Rainer von Österreich (1827–1913))) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Archduke Rainer of Austria
3rd Chairman of the Austrian Ministers' Conference
In office
4 February 1861 – 26 June 1865
MonarchFrancis Joseph I
Preceded byJohann Bernhard Graf von Rechberg und Rothenlöwen
Succeeded byAlexander Graf von Mensdorff-Pouilly
Personal details
Born(1827-01-11)11 January 1827
Milan, Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia, Austrian Empire
Died27 January 1913(1913-01-27) (aged 86)
Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Austria-Hungary
Resting placeImperial Crypt
Spouse(s)Archduchess Maria Karoline of Austria
Parent(s)Archduke Rainer of Austria
Princess Elisabeth of Savoy

Archduke Rainer Ferdinand Maria Johann Evangelist Franz Ignaz of Austria (11 January 1827 – 27 January 1913), a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and nephew of Emperor Francis II, was an Austrian politician who served as Minister-President of Austria from 1861 to 1865.

Biography

Born in Milan, the capital of the Austrian Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia, he was a son of Viceroy Archduke Rainer of Austria (1783–1853) and his consort Princess Elisabeth of Savoy (1800–1856). Rainer spent most of his youth at the Royal Villa of Monza. He studied law at the University of Vienna and in 1843 joined the Austrian Imperial Army in the rank of an Oberst (Colonel).

Archduke Rainer and Maria, 1902
Archduke Rainer and Maria, 1902

In 1852, he married his cousin Archduchess Maria Karoline of Austria (1825–1915), a daughter of Archduke Charles, known for his victory at the 1809 Battle of Aspern. The marriage was a very happy one, and, with numerous public appearances and charitable activities, the couple was probably the most popular amongst the Habsburg family. The lavish celebration of their diamond wedding in 1912 was rated as one of the last great events of the dissolving Austro-Hungarian Monarchy before World War I. However, the marriage remained childless.

In 1854, Rainer achieved the rank of Generalmajor in the Imperial Army and in 1861 was raised to Feldmarschall-Leutnant (Field marshal lieutenant). Beside his military career, he was also interested in art and science, in particular the emerging Papyrology. In 1899 he donated his extensive Faiyum papyrus collection to the Austrian National Library, part of the UNESCO Memory of the World Register since 2001.

Already in 1857, Archduke Rainer was appointed president of the Austrian Imperial Council by Emperor Francis Joseph I. In the course of the implementation of the 1861 February Patent constitution, he took up office as nominal Minister-President chairing the liberal cabinet of State Minister Anton von Schmerling.

Honours

Austro-Hungarian[1]
Foreign[1]

Ancestry

References

  1. ^ a b "Genealogie des Allerhöchsten Herrscherhauses", Hof- und Staatshandbuch der Österreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie, 1912, pp. 13-14, retrieved 23 July 2020
  2. ^ a b "Ritter-Orden", Hof- und Staatshandbuch der Österreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie, 1912, pp. 44, 47, retrieved 23 July 2020
  3. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Baden (1876), "Großherzogliche Orden" p. 59
  4. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Bayern (1908), "Königliche Orden" p. 8
  5. ^ Belgien (1875). Almanach royal officiel: 1875. p. 55.
  6. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Hessen (1879), "Großherzogliche Orden und Ehrenzeichen" p. 11
  7. ^ Italia : Ministero dell'interno (1898). Calendario generale del Regno d'Italia. Unione tipografico-editrice. p. 53.
  8. ^ "Schwarzer Adler-orden", Königlich Preussische Ordensliste (in German), 1, Berlin, 1886, p. 5 – via hathitrust.org
  9. ^ Staatshandbuch für das Großherzogtum Sachsen / Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach (1900), "Großherzogliche Hausorden" p. 16
  10. ^ "Real y distinguida orden de Carlos III", Guía Oficial de España, 1911, p. 163, retrieved 23 July 2020
  11. ^ Sveriges Statskalender (in Swedish), 1909, p. 614, retrieved 2018-01-06 – via runeberg.org
  12. ^ The London Gazette, issue 27604, p. 6148
  13. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Württemberg (1907), "Königliche Orden" p. 28
Preceded byJohann Bernhard von Rechberg und Rothenlöwen Minister-President of Austria 4 February 1861 – 26 June 1865 Succeeded byAlexander von Mensdorff-Pouilly